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Hiawatha First Nation
|Hiawatha First Nation Indian Reserve|
|First Nation||Mississaugas of Hiawatha First Nation|
|• Land||8.07 km2 (3.12 sq mi)|
|• Density||44.9/km2 (116/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
It is found in Otonabee Township approximately 30 kilometres south of Peterborough. The reserve consists of approximately 1,952 acres (7.90 km2) of land of which 1523 are under certificates of possession.
Indigenous peoples occupied this area for thousands of years before European contact. Nearly 2000 years ago, people of the Point Peninsula Complex built a series of earthen mounds for ceremonial, religious and burial purposes. Archaeological excavations have shown the people had sophisticated knowledge to build the massive earthworks. Nine mounds or burial places have been located at the south end of the park. Serpent Mounds Park includes an effigy mound, four to six feet high and nearly two hundred feet long, with a related egg-shaped mound by its mouth.
In 2006 the population was 483, a 62.6% increase since 2001. There were 195 private dwellings.
Indian reserves assigned to the First Nation are:
- "Hiawatha First Nation census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Shpuniarsky, Heather Y. (2016). The Village of Hiawatha: A History. Hiawatha First Nation: Ningwakwe Learning Press Inc. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-9947268-1-0.
- "Hiawatha First Nation, Ontario (Code3515008) (table)". 2006 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - Reserves/Settlements/Villages Detail". Archived from the original on 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Hiawatha First Nation - Mississaugas of Rice Lake
- Copy of the Treaty Made November 15, 1923 between his Majesty the King and the Mississauga Indians of Rice Lake, Mud Lake, Scugog Lake and Alderville
- A History of the Rice Lake Indians by Mary Jane Muskratte Simpson, Alderville, 1953
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - First Nation Profile