Hiệp Hòa (Hanoi: [hiəp̚˧˨ʔ hwaː˨˩], Hán tự: , lit. "harmonization",[2] 1 November 1847 – 29 November 1883), born Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật, was the sixth emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn dynasty and reigned for 3 months and 29 days (30 July 1883 – 29 November 1883).

Emperor Hiệp Hòa
Hiep Hoa.jpg
Emperor of Đại Nam
Reign30 July 1883 – 29 November 1883
PredecessorDục Đức
SuccessorKiến Phúc
RegentTôn Thất Thuyết & Nguyễn Văn Tường
Emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty
Reign30 July 1883 – 29 November 1883
PredecessorDục Đức
SuccessorKiến Phúc
Born(1847-11-01)November 1, 1847
Imperial City of Huế, Đại Nam
DiedNovember 29, 1883(1883-11-29) (aged 36)
Imperial City of Huế, Đại Nam
Issue17 including 11 sons and 6 daughters
Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật ()
Nguyễn Phúc Thăng ()
Era name and dates
Hiệp Hòa (): did not use[1]
Posthumous name
Văn Lãng Quận Vương (文朗郡王)
Temple name
HouseNguyễn Phúc
FatherThiệu Trị
MotherConcubine Trương Thị Thuận
ReligionRuism, Buddhism

Hiệp Hòa was the 29th son of Emperor Thiệu Trị.[3] After his nephew Dục Đức was deposed by court officials following a three-day reign in 1883, he reasserted the family's claim on the throne. However, he presided over his nation's defeat by the French Navy at the Battle of Thuận An in August 1883, and on 25 August 1883 he signed the Treaty of Huế which made Vietnam a protectorate of France, ending Vietnam's independence. For this, he was deposed and forced by officials to commit suicide.[4][5]


  1. ^ When he ascended the throne, the era name "Hiệp Hòa" was planned to start to use in Tết of the next lunar year. But he was deposed after four months, the era name "Tự Đức" (嗣德) remained unchanged.
  2. ^ Derived from Book of Documents: "harmonized the myriad states" (協和萬邦, translated by James Legge)
  3. ^ (in Vietnamese) Nguyễn Phúc tộc Thế phả. Huế: Thuận Hóa Publishing House. 1995. p. 366.
  4. ^ Chapuis, Oscar (2000). The last emperors of Vietnam : from Tu Duc to Bao Dai. Westport, Conn., USA: Greenwood Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-313-31170-3. OCLC 231866735.
  5. ^ Corfield, Justin J. (2008). The history of Vietnam. Westport, Conn., USA: Greenwood Press. pp. xvii, 22–23. ISBN 978-0-313-34193-9. OCLC 182857138.
Preceded by Nguyễn dynasty
Succeeded by