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Hezekiah ben Manoah (13th century) or Hezekiah bar Manoah, known as the Chizkuni (Hebrew: חזקוני) was a French rabbi and student.

In memory of his father, who lost his right hand through his steadfastness in the faith, Hezekiah wrote a commentary on the Pentateuch, under the title Ḥazzeḳuni (ca. 1240). It was printed at Venice in 1524. Other editions appeared at Cremona (1559), Amsterdam (1724, in the Rabbinical Bible of M. Frankfurter), Lemberg (1859), etc. It is based principally upon Rashi, but it uses also about twenty other commentaries, though the author quotes as his sources only Rashi[1], Dunash ben Labrat, the "Yosippon", and a "Physica" which is mentioned in the Tosafot (to Lev. xii. 2). Hezekiah stated in his work that the lack of citations was to avoid bias and "glorify the great with the small".[2] In addition to commentaries, he also contributed original analysis in the form of psychological profiles and historical analysis.[2] He is generally cited by the title of his commentary.

Jewish Encyclopedia bibliographyEdit

  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i.171;
  • Zunz, Z.G. p. 91;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. p. 844;
  • Catalogus Monacensis, p. 79;
  • Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 173;
  • Winter and Wünsche, Die Jüd. Litteratur, ii.332;
  • Renan, in L'Histoire Littéraire de la France, xxvii.436.


  1. ^ "Chizkuni". Sefaria. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  2. ^ a b Rock, Avigail (21 September 2014). "Lecture #20: The Chizkuni - R. Chizkiya ben Manoach". Retrieved 22 January 2019.