Hey Ram (translation: Oh Ram! or Oh God!) is a 2000 Indian historical fiction-political thriller film simultaneously made in Tamil and Hindi languages. The film was written, directed and produced by Kamal Haasan, who also acted as the protagonist in the film. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by Ilaiyaraaja. The semi-fictional plot centers on India's Partition and the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi by Nathuram Godse.
Tamil Poster of the film
|Directed by||Kamal Haasan|
|Produced by||Kamal Haasan
|Written by||Kamal Haasan
Manohar Shyam Joshi
|Screenplay by||Kamal Haasan|
|Story by||Kamal Haasan|
Shah Rukh Khan
|Edited by||Renu Saluja|
|Distributed by||Raajkamal Films International
Red Chillies Entertainment
|210 minutes (Tamil version)
207 minutes (Hindi version)
|Budget||₹6 crore (equivalent to ₹18 crore or US$2.7 million in 2017)|
|Box office||₹11.35 crore (equivalent to ₹33 crore or US$5.1 million in 2017)|
The film was screened at the International Film Festival of India, and was selected by Film Federation of India as its submission to the Oscars in the year 2000, but was not nominated. The film has garnered three National Film Awards. The copyrights to this film are owned by Shah Rukh Khan's Red Chillies Entertainment.
The film is about a protagonist's journey from religious hatred to love with the theme of the partition of Bengal in the background. Its relevance in the present environment clouded by religious extremism was widely unrecognised. This is the story of Saket Ram, as narrated by his grandson. The film takes place as Ram, a retired archaeologist, lies on the deathbed, on 6 December 1999, the 7th anniversary of the destruction of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya.
The movie begins at present day with Saket Ram (Kamal Haasan), an 89-year-old Hindu man at his death bed in Madras. He is being taken care of by his grandson Saket Ram Junior, a famous novelist who writes historical fiction, and their family doctor, Munawar. Ram Jr. explains how he grew up listening to his grandfather's stories. He then narrates one of his grandfather's strangest stories that he plans to use for his next novel. As Ram Jr. narrates the story, Ram is reminded of it.
The scene reverts to the 1940s, when he and his good friend, Amjad Ali Khan (Shah Rukh Khan) are archaeologists working together under their boss, Mortimer Wheeler, in Mohenjo-daro in the Sindh province in what was then North-West India. Relations are pleasant between the Indians and the English. Saket and Amjad do not approve of partition and the creation of Pakistan. Although many Indian Muslims plan to move to Pakistan, Amjad decides to stay in India as he believes it is his homeland and he does not wish to live under Sharia law.
After the archaeological site is shut down out of fear of riots, young Ram returns to Calcutta to be with his wife, Aparna (Rani Mukherjee), a school teacher. On his way home, he witnesses the riots and chaos over the issue of the formation of Pakistan and the call by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of modern Pakistan, for "Direct Action". While out to get some food, Ram manages to save an innocent Sikh girl from the hands of a Muslim gang. When he returns to his house, he finds a group of Muslims entering his house. They brutally rape and murder Aparna. Saket, unable to cope with his tragic loss, kills the Muslims who raped and killed his wife in a fit of rage.
Outside his house, he runs into Shriram Abhyankar (Atul Kulkarni), who is part of a Hindu nationalist group determined to fight the Muslims' malice and persecution with similar brute force, and assassinate Gandhi for what they perceive to be his treachery towards Hindu dominated India. Gandhi wants Hindus and Muslims to co-exist peacefully with hope of winning over the hearts of the rioters through sheer self-pity, but Abhyankar and his fellow extremists have lost patience at what they deemed Gandhi's unreasonable stand to appease the Muslim League and their demand for Pakistan.
Back in his hometown of Thanjavur, Ram's Uncle Bahsyahm and Aunt Vasanthato urge him to remarry. He is then married to the daughter of family friends, Mythili (Vasundhara Das). While his wedding is being celebrated across the village, Ram tells his childhood friends Vedha and Yegham that he has no reason to be happy since the world's biggest political divorce is going on with the separation of Pakistan in the north. During his first night, he learns that Mythili, like her family, are supporters of Gandhi and that the Mahatma will be visiting Calcutta a few days later on the anniversary of the bloody riots. Ram travels to Calcutta alone and learns that a Mr. Nair now lives at his old apartment. Nair gives him a goddess painting drawn by Aparna not long before her death. Later that night, Ram joins a mob that confronts Gandhi and Suhrawardy, then Chief Minister of Bengal, about the bloody riots. When questioned whether they take full responsibility for the riots, both of them accept and ask for forgiveness. The mob forgives them, but Ram refuses to.
Although Ram remains aloof at first, he slowly falls in love with Mythili. However, on their honeymoon in Maharashtra, Ram and Mythili bump into a disguised Abhyankar, who introduces them to a dethroned Maharaja. During a hunting trip with Abhyankar and the Maharaja, Ram is reunited with an old friend from Calcutta, Manohar Lalwani (Saurabh Shukla) who lost his family and home in the riots. After seeing Lalwani's misery, Ram realizes he has still not gotten over Aparna's murder. Under Abhyankar's influence Ram comes to the belief that Mahatma Gandhi is solely responsible for the division of India and of the two religions and also of having supported whom they viewed as the enemy. Hindu fundamentalists, including the Maharaja and Abhyankar, are furious and plot to murder Gandhi. Ram unwittingly becomes a part of their militant organisation that plots to do away with Gandhi. Due to a horse-riding accident, Abhyankar is left a quadriplegic and has Ram swear that he will carry on his work, that of killing the Mahatma.
Back in present day, Ram Senior's situation worsens. Ram Junior tries to convince his father Mohan to accompany them to the hospital, but he is uninterested for some unknown reason. In the end, Ram Jr. and Munavar take him to the hospital but are stopped by the police since there are bomb blasts in Madras due to Hindu-Muslim communal riots. Ram asks "Even now?". A Muslim soldier, Ibrahim makes them hide in an underground shelter for their safety. As they try to stay silent to avoid being attacked by the mob, Ram reminisces about how he plotted to kill Gandhi many decades ago.
Back in newly independent India, Ram begins to prepare to assassinate Gandhi once he returns to Madras. A pregnant Mythili becomes worried as her husband grows more distant and invites her parents and in-laws over to cheer him up. However, Ram has made up his mind to end Gandhi's life and leaves home for Varanasi, where he goes through a purification ritual. Then, he heads for Delhi and unknowingly stays at the same hotel as another fundamentalist planning to kill Gandhi, Nathuram Godse. When the police arrive to question Godse, a paranoid Ram hides his gun in a truck. Later on, Ram goes to the soda factory in Chandni Chowk where the truck was heading to.
In Chandni Chowk, Ram is reunited with Amjad, who takes him to the soda factory. It is revealed that many Muslims civilians, including Amjad's wife Nafisa and their children are hiding there out of fear of being attacked by Hindus during curfew. When it is discovered that Ram came there for a gun, the Muslims became suspicious that he might be out to kill them, attack him. A fight ensues that triggers a series of violent events in the area. While trying to escape both Hindu and Muslim mobs, Amjad finds out that Ram is in Delhi to assassinate Gandhi and he tries to convince his friend to not do it. He reveals that his father did not die of natural causes. He was murdered by a Hindu mob.
He begs him, kneeling and asking forgiveness for Aparna's death. He says he forgives Ram for his father's. Then he asks Ram to shoot him and tells him that he will take Ram's bullet if his death will grant both Hindus and Muslims peace. He says that he is willing to die if his death gets rid of the hatred that has turned Ram mad.
Just then, they are cornered by a Hindu mob who try to kill Amjad, but he is saved by Ram. Amjad is struck on the back of the head and Ram takes him back to the soda factory. Together, they then help protect the Muslims hiding in the soda factory until the authorities arrive to control the situation. Amjad is shot in the leg.
Amjad is fatally injured and is questioned by Officer Rao about the man who started the violence. He is asked about the fake name, Bhaivan, that Ram used since he arrived at his hotel.
Before dying, Amjad lies that he has never seen that man before, and all he knows is his brother Ram who despite everything, saved his life. He dies holding his brother's hand.
Ram then bumps into father-in-law and his friend who are there to meet Gandhi. He learns that his uncle and aunt have died after learning he has left. Gandhi requests to see Ram to invite him on his long walk to Pakistan after finding out he helped save innocent Muslims. Ram ultimately changes his mind about Gandhi after seeing that his teachings are all about love and non-violence. He decides against assassinating the leader, and attempts to confess the truth to him in order to beg for forgiveness. However, it is too late as Gandhi is eventually killed by another assassin, Nathuram Godse. Ironically, Gandhi dies without his famous last words: "Hey Ram!" as popularly believed, and as in Richard Attenborough's film Gandhi.
Then on, Ram lives by Gandhian principles. As the situation on the streets starts to cool down, Ram whispers his last words to his grandson and eventually dies. Before Ram Junior leaves with his grandfather's body, he learns that the soldier's name is Ibrahim and that he is a Muslim.
During his funeral, Gandhi's great-grandson Tushar comes and sees Ram Senior's private room which is full of historical photos. Ram Junior hands over Gandhi's footwear and spectacles which his late grandfather had previously collected from the place of the shootout and had treasured throughout his life.
- Kamal Haasan as Saket Ram Iyengar (Hindi) / Saketharaman Iyengar (Tamil)
- Shah Rukh Khan as Amjad Ali Khan
- Hema Malini as Ambujam Iyengar
- Rani Mukerji as Aparna Saketharaman Iyengar
- Girish Karnad as Uppilli Iyengar
- Naseeruddin Shah as Mahatma Gandhi
- Om Puri as Goel
- Vikram Gokhale as Maharaja
- Saurabh Shukla as Lalvani
- Nassar as Ibrahim
- Abbas as Munavar
- Atul Kulkarni as Shriram Abhayankar
- Sowcar Janaki as Mythili's grandmother
- Kavignar Vaali as Bhashyam Iyengar
- Iravati Harshe as Nafisa
- Vasundhara Das as Mythili Saketharaman Iyengar
- Gautam Kanthadai as Saket Ram Jr.
- Nagamani Mahadevan as Vasantha
- V. S. Raghavan as K. T. Chari
- Delhi Ganesh as Chari
- Gollapudi Maruti Rao as Govardhan
- Y. G. Mahendran as Yagyam
- Vaiyapuri as Vedha (Tamil version)
- Arun Mehra as Vedha (Hindi version)
- Ram Mohan as a refugee
- Arun Bali as Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
- Shadaab Khan as Altaf Tailor
- Yatin Karyekar as Qureshi
- Manoj Pahwa as Jalal
- Chandrahasan as Mohan Gandhiraman
- Lewis Elbinger as Mortimer Wheeler
- Tushar Gandhi as Tushar Gandhi
- Mohini Mathur as Hajra Begum
- Madhuri Sanjeev as Bina Lalvani
- Sharad Ponkshe as Nathuram Godse
- Shubhangi Gokhale as Rani
- K. S. Ramesh as an inspector at Marina Hotel
- Umesh Sharma as Altaf's mother
- S. K. Ghosh as Chattopadhyay
- Annapoorna as Mrs. Chattopadhyay
- Anand as a doctor at Delhi hospital
- Ambarish as a doctor at Delhi hospital
- U. B. G. Menon as E. V. K. Nair
- Bolai Sarkar as a drunkard in Calcutta
- Nagaraja Bhagavathar as Jeganatha Iyengar
- Shruti Haasan as Vallabhbhai Patel's daughter
- Taj Bansal as the blind girl of Belliaghatta
- Bobby Bedi as Chotu Ram
- Mohammed Ali as Amjad's Father
- Arun Patekar as Sardar Vallabhai Patel
- Yunus as Abul Kalam Azad
- Raj Patra as Jawaharlal Nehru
- Savar as Lord Mountbatten
- Amitabh Srivastava as Babu Rajendra Prasad
- Gilles as Henri Cartier Bresson
- Supritha as Abha Ben
- Rashmi as Manu Ben
- Rahul as Gopal Godse
- Jayasimha as Ramachandra Badge
- Vikram as Vishnu Narayana Apte
- Sirish Purohit as Vishnu Karkare
- Aravind Akash as Sankar Kishthaya
- Vivek as Madanlal Pahwa
- Shabbir Ahmed as Aparna's attacker
- A. C. Murali as Parthasarathy
- Nikita Palekar as Pushpa Iyengar
- Sanjana Khanna as Amjad's daughter
|"Isaiyil Thodanguthamma"||Ajoy Chakrabarty||Ilayaraja|
|"Nee Partha"||Asha Bhosle, Hariharan, Rani Mukerji||Jibanananda Das, Kamal Haasan|
|"Pollatha Madhana Paanam"||Anupama, Mahalakshmi Iyer||Vaali|
|"Ram Ram"||Kamal Haasan, Shruti Haasan||Kamal Haasan|
|"Ramaranalum"||Jolly Mukherjee, Kamal Haasan, Hariharan||Vaali|
|"Sanyaas Mantra"||Kamal Haasan|
|"Vaaranam Aayiram Vaishnava Janatho"||Vibha Sharma, Asha Bhosle||Andal, Narsinh Mehta|
|"Hey! Ram"||Kamal Haasan, Shruti Haasan||Sameer|
|"Janmon Ki Jwala"||Asha Bhosle, Hariharan, Rani Mukherjee||Sameer (Poem by Jibanananda Das)|
|"Asa Ga Madan Ban Ghusla Kasa"||Anupama, Preeti Uttam||Sameer / Jagdish Khebudkar|
|"Sanyaas Mantra"||Kamal Haasan|
|"Chahe Pandit Ho"||Jolly Mukherjee, Kamal Haasan, Hariharan||Sameer|
|"Prem Bann"||Preeti Uttam|
|"Vaishnav Jana To"||Vibha Sharma|
|"Har Koi Samjhe"||Ajay Chakraborty||Sameer|
The shooting was started in Madhava Perumal Temple, Mylapore. Violinist L. Subramaniam was selected to work as the music composer and completed recording songs for the project. However, before finishing his entire commitment for the film, he left the project fearing that his association with the film may offend Hindu people due to its contentious storyline.Ilayaraaja was subsequently selected to replace him and helped score music over the version recorded by Subramaniam. His background score was recorded by a Symphony Orchestra for the second time for an Indian film, the first time being by Ilaiyaraaja himself three years before for the Malayalam epic Guru (1997). Like Subramaniam, the Sankaracharya of Kanchi, had also filmed an interview scene for the film but later requested that his portions were removed to avoid controversy.
Actor Shah Rukh Khan did not ask for any remuneration from Kamal Haasan as he considered it an honour and privilege to work with one of his mentors. Haasan initially intended to title the film as Satya Sodanai, which loosely translates to My Experiments With Truth, the title of Gandhi's autobiography.
Production on the film cost a total of ₹11 crore rupees, excluding Kamal Haasan's salary.
The film has won the following awards since its release:
2000 National Film Awards
- Won – Silver Lotus Award – Best Supporting Actor – Atul Kulkarni
- Won – Silver Lotus Award – Best Costume Design – Sarika
- Won – Silver Lotus Award – Best Special Effects – Manthra
2001 Screen Weekly Awards
- Won – Best Background Music – Ilaiyaraaja
- Nominated – Best Actor – Kamal Haasan
- Nominated – Best Supporting Actor – Atul Kulkarni
- Nominated - Best Sound Recording - Srivastav
- Nominated - Best Cinematography - S. Tirru
- Nominated - Best Art Direction - Sabu Cyril
- Nominated - Most Promising Newcomer (Female) - Vasundhara Das
- Won – Tamily Industry - Best Actor – Kamal Haasan
- Nominated – Best Supporting Actor - Atul Kulkarni
There were protests and press releases by political parties in select centres against perceived negative depiction of Gandhi. In India the film was given an 'A' certificate by the Central Board of Film certification. In Malaysia, it was rated as Universal.
Hey Ram received highly positive reviews. Charu Nivedita wrote that the film is a self-declaration of Kamal Hassan's Hindutva agenda and added that the flm per se failed on artistic grounds. T Krithika Reddy from The Hindu wrote, "Live sound, prosthetic make-up (Micheal Westmore), splendid cinematography (Thiru), magnificent art work (Sabu Cyril) and painstakingly designed costumes (Sarika) are some of the other highlights of this magnum opus, which is distinct in style and content...The chemistry between Kamal and Rani is explosive to say the least. Shah Rukh Khan, as usual comes up with an impeccable performance. Vasundhara, as the stoic second wife makes an impressive debut. Naseerudin Shah as Gandhi steals a clear march over the others in supporting roles." Dinakaran wrote, "The starting of 2000 itself has given a great joy to Tamil cinema! A Tamilian has created a film that caters to international standards."
Hey Ram grossed ₹8.91 crore (US$1.4 million) in India and $550,000 (₹2.39 crore) in other countries, for a worldwide total of ₹11.30 crore (US$1.7 million), against its ₹9 crore (US$1.4 million) budget. It had a worldwide opening weekend of ₹3.27 crore (US$500,000), and grossed ₹5.51 crore (US$840,000) in its first week. It is the 32nd-highest-grossing film of 2000 worldwide.
It opened on Friday, February 18, 2000, across 115 screens, and earned ₹44 lakh (US$67,000) nett on its opening day in Hindi. It grossed ₹1.31 crore (US$200,000) nett in its opening weekend, and had a first week of ₹2.39 crore (US$370,000) nett in Hindi. The film earned a total of ₹5.32 crore (US$810,000) nett, and its Hindi version was declared a "Flop" by Box Office India. It is the 35th-highest-grossing film of 2000 in India.
It had an opening weekend of $250,000 (₹1.08 crore) and went on to gross $350,000 (₹1.52 crore) in its first week. The film earned a total of $550,000 (₹2.39 crore) at the end of its theatrical run. Overseas, It is the 17th-highest-grossing film of 2000.
|Territory||Territory wise Collections break-up|
₹5.32 crore (US$810,000)
₹2.63 crore (US$400,000)
₹8.91 crore (US$1.4 million)
|$550,000 (₹2.39 crore)|
|Worldwide||₹11.30 crore (US$1.7 million)|
- List of artistic depictions of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Karen Gabriel, 'Draupadi's Moment in Sita's Syntax: Violations of the Past and the Construction of Community in Kamal Haasan's Hey! Ram', in Women and the Politics of Violence, Taisha Abraham (ed.) New Delhi: Shakti 2002.
- "Hey Ram Budget". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Hey Ram Box office". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Red Chillies Entertainments". www.redchillies.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-22.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-25.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
- "SRK didn't take money for Hey Ram". The Times of India. 29 May 2013. Archived from the original on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "Rediff on the NeT, Movies: Our weekly box office update". Rediff.com. 1 March 2000. Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "TMC threatens to block Kamal Haasan 's films – The Times of India". Cscsarchive.org:8081. 20 June 2004. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Hey Ram budget was 11 crore Archived 16 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Film Review: Hey! Ram". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 February 2017. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
- "Hey Ram". Dinakaran. 6 March 2000. Archived from the original on 30 December 2005.
- "Top Worldwide Grossers 2000". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Top India Total Nett Gross 2000". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 28 August 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- "Top Overseas Gross 2000". Box Office India. 22 July 2015. Archived from the original on 29 August 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015.