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Hevrin Khalaf (Kurdish: Hevrîn Xelef‎, also Khelef; 15 November 1984 – 12 October 2019) was a Kurdish-Syrian politician and civil engineer, serving as Secretary General of the Future Syria Party. She was killed by the Turkish-backed Ahrar al-Sharqiya fighters near the M4 Motorway in Northern Syria during the Turkish military operation against SDF forces in Rojava on 12 October 2019.[1]

Hevrin Khalaf
Hevrin Khalaf.jpg
Native name
Hevrîn Xelef
Born15 November 1984
Died12 October 2019(2019-10-12) (aged 34)
Cause of deathExecuted by Turkish-backed Ahrar al-Sharqiya militants[1]
NationalitySyrian (Kurd)
Alma materUniversity of Aleppo
Occupation
  • Civil engineer
  • Politician

Life and Work in RojavaEdit

Khalaf was born on 15 November 1984 in Al-Malikiyah.[2] She is a descendant of the Hawar (Arabic: هاوار‎) family.[3] Hevrîn from an early life was exposed to political movements and thinkers. Her mother, Sûad, took part in many people’s assemblies with Abdullah Öcalan. Four of her brothers and her sister Zozan joined the liberation struggle and fell martyr in the ranks of the Kurdish liberation movement.[4]

She graduated from University of Aleppo in 2009 as a civil engineer.[5][2] Soon after graduating she returned to her home town in Derik. When Revolution of Rojava began Hevrîn worked on creating institutions that would improve civil society. Soon after Hevrîn began managing one of the Economic Councils.[6] Khalaf had risen to prominence in the self-governing Kurdish area of Rojava in northeast Syria.[7] She was one of the founders of the Foundation for Science and Free Thought in 2012.[2] With the proclamation of the Democratic Autonomous Administration, she took on the responsibilities of deputy co-chair of the Energy Committee in the canton of Cizîre. In 2015, she played an important role in the improvement and strengthening of the energy supply and ecological works in Cizîre. In these works, she devoted her attention especially to the economic needs of women and on the development of women’s ecology[8]

She became co-chair of the energy authority in 2016.[2] Her party, the Future Syria Party, had taken part in the administration of northern Syria after the capture of Raqqa from the Islamic State group in 2017. She took on the role of General Secretary with devotion. In a speech on the 8th anniversary of the popular uprising in Syria, she reiterated her conviction that the crisis in Syria cannot be resolved through war.[4] Khalaf had taken part in negotiations with the United States, France, and other delegations. She was known for her diplomatic skills.[7][9] Khalaf worked towards increasing tolerance and unity among Christians, Arabs, and Kurds.[10] Aden Al Hendi from Foreign Policy had this to say about her work ethic, “She would wake up at 5 in the morning and would not stop working until midnight, whether that involved traveling to the Deir Ezzor region, which was recently liberated from the Islamic State, to tutor children and teenagers there in math, or meeting with Arab tribal leaders and helping resolve their many disputes in her role as the secretary-general of the Future Syria Party (FSP). She personified the way the FSP and the Syrian Democratic Council approached the many differences among the people of the region.”[6]

DeathEdit

The Daily Telegraph reported that "Kurdish officials said rebel fighters intercepted a car carrying Hevrin Khalaf".[11] Khalaf was one of a number of civilians who were killed during the first days of the Turkish-backed military operation, with the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reporting that "nine civilians were executed at different moments south of the town of Tal Abyad".[12] The National Army, a rebel group fighting alongside Turkey, denied responsibility for the killing. Hevrîn Xelef's death was one of many during Operation Peace Spring which began on October 9, 2019.[11]

Kurdish analyst Mutlu Civiroglu, told The Guardian that Khalaf's death was a "great loss", and described her as having "a talent for diplomacy".[13] Future Syria Party released a statement saying that, "With utmost grievance and sadness, the Syria Future Party mourns the martyrdom of engineer Hevrin Khalaf, the General Secretary of Syria Future Party, while she was performing her patriotic and political duties".[13] Khalaf was 34 at the time of her death.[9] A video which circulated on social media purportedly showed the bullet-ridden vehicle in which Khalaf had been travelling with translators and other Kurdish personnel surrounded by Turkish-backed Syrian rebels.[14]

A Belincat video solidly traces the killing to rebels backed by Turkey.[15] The group Ahrar al-Sharqiya is associated with the murders.[15]

 
Protest in Berlin against Turkey's military operation, showing her image

According to The Washington Post, the killing "almost certainly constitute(d) a war crime, under international law".[16]

Her funeral was held in Al-Malikiyah on 14 October 2019.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Money, hatred for the Kurds drives Turkey's Syrian fighters". Associated Press. 15 October 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "من هي هفرين خلف!". Jesr Ppress (in Arabic). 12 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  3. ^ "الأقباط متحدون - كمائن لقوات الجيش التركي وداعش تنفذ إعدامات لمدنيين على الطرق!". Copts United. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Hevrîn Xelef – a life for the women's revolution and the freedom of the people of Syria – Women Defend Rojava". Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  5. ^ "Turkey-backed rebels kill Syrian party leader". KurdPress. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  6. ^ a b Hendi, Ahed Al. "The Dream of Syrian Democracy Was Killed by U.S.-Backed Jihadis". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  7. ^ a b Explained: The chilling murder of Kurdish leader Hevrin Khalaf Indian Express, 14 October 2019
  8. ^ "Hevrîn Xelef – a life for the women's revolution and the freedom of the people of Syria – Women Defend Rojava". Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Kurdish politician, other civilians 'executed' by Turkey-backed group". Times of Israel. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Hevrin Khalaf, Kurdish Politician Who Championed Christians, Executed in Syria". Relevant. 14 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  11. ^ a b Sanchez, Raf (13 October 2019). "Turkish-backed rebels accused of killing unarmed Kurdish civilians". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  12. ^ Duncan, Conrad (13 October 2019). "Female Kurdish politician 'executed' by pro-Turkish militants in Syria". The Independent. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  13. ^ a b Chulov, Martin; Rasool, Mohammed (13 October 2019). "Kurdish politician among nine civilians shot dead by pro-Turkey forces in Syria". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  14. ^ CNN, Kareem Khadder, Jennifer Deaton and Sharif Paget. "Kurdish politician and 10 others killed by 'Turkish-backed militia' in Syria, SDF claims". CNN. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  15. ^ a b Video Evidence Sheds Light On Executions Near Turkey-Syria Border
  16. ^ Sly, Liz (13 October 2019). "Turkish-led forces film themselves executing a Kurdish captive in Syria". The Washington Post.
  17. ^ "Hevrin Khalaf: funeral held for Kurdish politician killed by Turkish-backed forces / She was killed on the road between the northern Syrian cities of Manbij and Qamishli". thenational.ae. Retrieved 15 October 2019.

External linksEdit