Hetephernebti

nbtyHtp
Hr
Hetephernebti
ḥtp-ḥr-nb.tỉ
Era: Old Kingdom
(2686–2181 BC)
Egyptian hieroglyphs

Hetephernebti was a queen of the Third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt. She was the only known wife of Pharaoh Djoser.[1]

Hetephernebti
Queen consort of Egypt
Hetephernebti.png
Hetephernebti (center) at the feet of her husband, Djoser, next to her daughter Inetkaes (left), and a third woman whose name is lost (right) on one of the boundary stele from Djoser's pyramid at Saqqara.
SpouseDjoser
IssueInetkaes
DynastyThird Dynasty of Egypt
FatherKhasekhemwy?
MotherNimaathap?

Hetephernebti and a King’s Daughter Inetkaes were named on stelae found around Djoser’s Saqqara pyramid complex and on a Heliopolis relief showing Djoser accompanied by the two of them.[2]

Among her titles were “one who sees Horus” (m33.t-ḥrw-) and “great of sceptre” (wr.t-ht=s), both common for important queens in this period, also, she was called “King's Daughter”, which means she was possibly a daughter of Djoser's predecessor Khasekhemwy and Nimaathap, thus a sister or half-sister of her husband.[3]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Dodson, Aidan; Hilton, Dyan (2004). The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05128-3., p.48
  2. ^ Dodson & Hilton, pp.46-48
  3. ^ Dodson & Hilton, p.48