Hertsa or Hertza (Ukrainian: Ге́рца [ˈɦɛrtsɐ]; Romanian: Herța [ˈhertsa]) is a town located in Chernivtsi Raion, Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine. It hosts the administration of Hertsa urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine,[1] and has a population of 2,108 (2021 est.).[2]

Hertsa
Герца
Herța
St Spiridon Church in Hertsa
St Spiridon Church in Hertsa
Coat of arms of Hertsa
Hertsa is located in Chernivtsi Oblast
Hertsa
Hertsa
Location of Hertsa
Hertsa is located in Ukraine
Hertsa
Hertsa
Hertsa (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°09′00″N 26°15′00″E / 48.15000°N 26.25000°E / 48.15000; 26.25000
Country Ukraine
Oblast Chernivtsi Oblast
RaionChernivtsi Raion
Government
 • MayorVasil Scripcaru
Elevation
159 m (522 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total2,108

The town is located close to the border with Romania, 28 km (17 mi) southeast of Chernivtsi and 21 km (13 mi) north of Dorohoi. Until 2020, it was the smallest raion administrative center in Ukraine.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

Hertsa and the Hertsa region were part of the Moldavia historical region (administratively in Dorohoi County).

In 1859, Moldavia united with Wallachia, forming the United Principalities of Moldavia and Walachia, which after the Romanian War of Independence, became the Kingdom of Romania, with Hertsa being incorporated into the Dorohoi County, and then into Ținutul Suceava.

In June 1940, it was occupied by the Soviet Union together with Northern Bukovina and Bessarabia, although this territory was not mentioned in the Soviet ultimatum or in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, being an integral part of the Old Kingdom. The Red Army also occupied this land, probably due to its strategic position over the city of Cernăuți and attached it to the Ukrainian SSR.[3] The Romanian Army had liberated the region in June 1941, but in August 1944, USSR reoccupied it.

Since 1962 until December 1991 Hertsa was part of Hlyboka Raion.[4][5][6][7]

In 1969 the population was 1500 people.[4]

In January 1989 the population was 2360 people.[8][6]

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, it has been part of independent Ukraine.

In January 2013 the population was 2122 people.[9]

The town has a large Romanian (68.08%, 2001) community.[10]

Until 18 July 2020, Hertsa served as an administrative center of Hertsa Raion. The raion was abolished in July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Chernivtsi Oblast to three. The area of Hertsa Raion was merged into Chernivtsi Raion.[11][12]

NativesEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Герцаевская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  3. ^ Blaga, Michael Nicholas. "Cum ne-a luat Molotov Bucovina și Ținutul Herței". Historia (in Romanian). Retrieved December 6, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Герца, Глибоцький район, Чернівецька область // Історія міст і сіл Української РСР. Чернівецька область. — Київ, Головна редакція УРЕ АН УРСР, 1969.
  5. ^ Герца // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / под ред. А. М. Прохорова. 3-е изд. том 6. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1971.
  6. ^ a b Герца // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.296
  7. ^ Постанова Президії Верховної Ради України № 1892-XII від 2 грудня 1991 р. "Про утворення Герцаївського району Чернівецької області"
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  9. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.108
  10. ^ 19A050501_02_073. Розподіл населення за рідною мовою, Чернівецька область (1,2,3,4)
  11. ^ "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  12. ^ "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.