Hersham is a village in Surrey, within the M25. Its housing is relatively low-rise and diverse and it has four technology/trading estates. The only contiguous settlement is Walton-on-Thames, its post town.
|Area||10.29 km2 (3.97 sq mi)|
|Population||12,414 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,206/km2 (3,120/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Walton on Thames|
|Dialling code||01932 and 01372|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Hersham Green, in the nucleus of the village, is 3.4 acres (1.4 ha) of open space where regular events take place throughout the summer. Within a few minutes walk of this suburban-urban bulk of Hersham in the east are green fields and meadows alongside the River Mole and footpaths by fields used for mixed farming.
Two golf courses are within its bounds, Burhill Golf Club and Hersham Village Golf Club; considerable other land is wooded, used for mixed farming or Esher Rugby Club[n 1], much of which is Metropolitan Green Belt.
According to Hersham in Surrey:
Hersham began as a strip of woodland beside the River Mole. It was occupied by pre-historic folk whose flint instruments have been found in large numbers beside the River on Southwood Manor Farm[n 2]. These date mostly from the mesolithic period. Somewhere around 200 B.C. a huge defensive earthwork was erected on top of St George's Hill (ecclesiastically in Hersham, but in Weybridge post town), probably as a refuge camp against invaders coming up the Thames Valley.
That this could have been constructed at all indicates a fairly large population in the district, a chieftain of some sort, organised labour and a desperate perhaps recurring danger. Bronze and Iron Age burials have been found on the slopes of the hill which was clearly a feature of some importance in ancient times.
The Anglo-Saxons may well have been the first permanent settlers here; they gave the name to the place and no older remains of actual dwellings in areas not mentioned above have been found. In the 12th century it was written Haverichesham suggesting Haeferick's hamlet or river bend settlement. By contraction the name become Haverisham, Haversham,[n 3] Harsham or Hersham before finally settling only on the latter.
Hersham's first chapel of ease (Holy Trinity church, which was demolished in 1889 having been superseded) was built of yellow brick in Anglo-Norman style in 1839. Similarly congregationalists had a Round Chapel which existed from 1844 until 1961, the year in which the single dual carriageway in Hersham was created, and enabling its construction.
Instead of merely (for vestry and property owning matters such as poor relief, road maintenance, manorial ownership, land tax and tithes) being the southern hamlet of Walton, Hersham became an ecclesiastical parish in 1851. The dividing line was what then officially termed the "London and South Western Railway line" and all borders remain almost unchanged by later local government and ecclesiastical parish decisions. The present Anglican church of St. Peter was built by Mr. J. L. Pearson, R.A., in 1887. It is of brick and stone in 13th-century style. It has a nave and aisles, of five arcades, chancel, transepts, and a western tower and spire. Its site was given by Lieut. Col. Terry of Burvale, Hersham.
- Moor Hall, Syklesmore or Southwood
Hersham contained one manor alone known as Morehall alias Sylkesmore or Southwood. Mention of a court held at Hersham in 1272 by Reginald de Imworth and Matilda his wife, may indicate that he was then lord of the manor. When Henry VIII built Nonsuch Palace in Cheam as many as eighty loads of timber were obtained from Southwood, or the South Woods, for it. In 1540 he purchased from John Carleton the "manor of Morehall or Sylkesmore" in Hersham, together with lands and woods in Burwood and Hatch in Hersham. The manor remained in the possession of the Crown, and was granted by Philip II of Spain and Mary I of England to David Vincent. In 1579 Queen Elizabeth granted to Thomas Vincent "the manor, site, and demesne lands of Morehall, and the wood called Sylkesmore coppice". In the 18th century and until 1802 at least, the estate, then known as 'the manor of Southwood and Silksmore,' appears to have been held by the Frederick family.
- Whiteley Village
This private retirement village, which allocates some of its accommodation to disabled poor residents, is set in a lightly undulating, elevated, wooded part of Hersham and was created from a bequest of £1m left by a London department store pioneer William Whiteley.
Hersham is in the borough of Elmbridge, in north-west Surrey and has no particular sub-localities except for Burwood Park, which alongside certain other addresses in the village is, when published for any purposes, due to its proximity to Walton-on-Thames railway station, done so under the name of Hersham's post town only, Walton on Thames. A planned community also exists in the south almost entirely for the retired, Whiteley Village.
Notable people past and presentEdit
- Gordon Mills, Tom Jones' manager lived here and is buried in the local Burvale Cemetery.
- Frederick Wicks (1840–1910), author and inventor, retired to the village and died there
- Julie Andrews (born in Walton on Thames) speaks about her early days in Hersham in her book, Home.
- William Lilly, astrologer, lived in Hersham from 1652 until his death in 1681.
- Lauren Rammell, member of Four of Diamonds.
In more recent times the punk group Sham 69 with lead singer Jimmy Pursey, had its roots in Hersham. The band's biggest hit was Hersham Boys. Sham 69 took their name from the remnants of a piece of graffiti in the area which made reference to when Walton and Hersham football club secured the Athenian League title in 1969.
Due to its proximity to London and Shepperton Studios, Hersham is frequently a filming location for film and television productions including Nighty Night, The Glass, Monty Python and Being April. The second series of the TV show, Ashes to Ashes was filmed in Hersham. The Mummy was filmed in Hersham.
Within Hersham is the mixed, secondary Three Rivers Academy. The school holds specialist Business and Enterprise College status, and boasts an impressive drama programme. Its roll holds approx. 1200 students. Hersham also has three primary schools - Burhill, became primary in 2015, Bell Farm, became primary in 2014 and Cardinal Newman.
Esher RFC is a multi-pitch rugby union club in Hersham since approximately 1939 (see notes). Their first men's team is notable in the region and saw 2012-14 among the upper 50% of clubs in RFU National League 1 (the third level of the sport in England), having been relegated in the previous season. Esher play at The Rugby Ground, 369 Molesey Road. The 1st XV play in a black-amber strip.
TV presenter John Inverdale has long been associated with the club, albeit the 2010s saw his involvement diminish.
Hersham's large second golf club is Burhill Golf Club (with North and South courses, the latter of which has been added near Burwood Park; during World War II, Barnes Wallis and several hundred staff were evacuated to Burhill Golf Club from the nearby Vickers-Armstrongs aircraft factory at Brooklands and designed the legendary Dambusters 'bouncing bomb'.
Four technology/trading estates exist in Hersham:
- Hersham Place Business Park
- Hersham Trading Estate
- Riverdene Industrial Estate
- Hersham Green Technology Park
A major nearby conjoined set of trading estates spans the Weybridge/Byfleet border at Brooklands and Heathrow Airport also has a range of employers, though this is across Walton-on-Thames itself and the borough of Spelthorne. Most important to the local economy is the accessibility of Central London — see Rail below, with train entries and exits per annum across the two stations bordering and in the town itself, at more than 500,000 per annum.
The very modest High Street contains almost entirely only convenience and socialising stores; fashion and leisure shops are to be found less than 2 miles (3.2 km) to the north, in Walton on Thames. As part of the development of Hersham a new shopping centre was built with a large supermarket (30k sq feet ) now occupied by Waitrose. A new Lidl supermarket was given permission in 2015 increasing the retail floorspace in addition to Waitrose.
Hersham is served by Hersham and Walton-on-Thames railway stations with a minimum of two trains per hour even on Sundays and differing types of services on the South Western Main Line. Fast trains stopping at Walton-on-Thames reach London Waterloo within 30 minutes.
The M25 Junction 10 is 4 miles away and an A-roads and dual carriageway connect neighbouring (but not contiguous) Esher and the almost bordering towns of Weybridge and Cobham, across a narrow strip of Walton on Thames.
Demography and housingEdit
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||Shared between households|
|Hersham North (ward)||497||1,084||436||451||1||0|
|Hersham South (ward)||973||928||348||405||10||0|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
|Hersham North (ward)||5,992||2,469||27||41||230|
|Hersham South (ward)||6,422||2,664||35||35||799|
The proportion of households in the settlement who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
Notes and referencesEdit
- Although based in Esher between 1923 and approximately 1939, Esher RFC have occupied land in Hersham since this date and expanded this to 23 acres (9.3 ha) and a 1,200 seater stand main pitch.
- The artefact-rich manor is at Burhill Road KT12 4BJ
- Will of Dame Dorothye Edmondes, widow of Sir Christopher Edmondes, of 'Est Moulsey, Surrey', line 39 of her registered will; National Archives; PROB 11, proved 21 Sept 1615: 'And the lease of the Coppice called the Hurst Coppice, lying & being in Haversham, in the parish of Waltoun, in the said county' (spelling modernized)
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Esher RFC - History Archived 3 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2013-09-30
- Hersham in Surrey: a brief local history of the parish of St. Peter's, Hersham, in the Borough of Elmbridge in Surrey, George Greenwood, publisher: Elmbridge Borough Council, 1986
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Walton on Thames". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 September 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- St Peter's Hersham - History[permanent dead link] Retrieved 2013-09-30
- Whiteley Village Museum Archived 28 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2013-09-29
- Burwood Park Residents Association Retrieved 2013-09-29
- Gordon Mills (1935 - 1986) - Find A Grave Memorial
- Dunn, Barbara. "William Lilly (1602-1681) By Barbara Dunn. Acclaimed Astrologer". Urania Trust. Archived from the original on 19 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Pearson, Michael (14 October 2016). "They've been kept hangin' on for the X Factor live shows!". Get Surrey. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- Parakeet population booming in borough - Molesey News & Mail, 7 July 2004
- Grid square map Ordnance survey website