Heroes' Day or National Heroes' Day may refer to a number of commemorations of national heroes in different countries and territories. It is often held on the birthday of a national hero or heroine, or the anniversary of their great deeds that made them heroes.

Heroes' Day
Observed byMultiple countries and territories

Angola edit

National Heroes Day in Angola is a holiday in Angola on 17 September, the birthday of the national hero Agostinho Neto.

Bahamas edit

National Heroes Day in the Bahamas has been a public holiday since 2013. It replaced Discovery Day, which celebrated the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the Americas.

Barbados edit

National Heroes' Day is a public holiday in Barbados on April 28, honoring the eleven national heroes of Barbados.[1]

Bermuda edit

National Heroes' Day has been an official holiday in Bermuda since 2008, when the centre-left government declared it would replace the Queen's Official Birthday marked in June. Over 2,000 residents signed a petition in protest calling to retain the Queen's Birthday holiday.[2]

Initially observed in October, the holiday was moved to the third Monday of June in 2009.[3][4]

Currently Bermuda has eight (8) National Heroes, voting is open to the public once every decade as of June 2022, with the next nomination period beginning in 2025.[5]

Cape Verde edit

Heroes Day is a public holiday in Cape Verde on 20 January. It commemorates the 1973 assassination of Amílcar Cabral, who is remembered as a hero for fighting western colonialism and exploitation.

Cayman Islands edit

The fourth Monday in January is National Heroes' Day in the Cayman Islands; it was proclaimed with the National Heroes Law, providing for the declaration of persons who have rendered exceptional service as national heroes. Numerous Caymanians have been declared national heroes, includes the Hon. James (Jim) Manoah Bodden, Mrs. Sybil I. McLaughlin, Mr. Thomas William Farrington, Mrs. Sybil Joyce Hylton, Mr. Desmond Vere Watler, Ms Mary Evelyn Wood, Cert. Hon. and William Warren Conolly.

East Timor edit

December 31 is National Heroes Day in East Timor. It commemorates the Indonesian invasion of East Timor.

Guinea-Bissau edit

Heroes' Day is celebrated on January 20 to commemorate the assassination of independence leader Amilcar Cabral in 1973.[6]

Hungary edit

A wreath on Hősök tere in 1940.

Heroes' Day (Hungarian: Hősök napja), National Heroes' Day or the Memorial Day of Hungarian Heroes in Hungary is celebrated on the 31 May as a public holiday. It is observed with military ceremonies at monuments such as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Heroes' Square in Budapest all to commemorate soldiers in service to Hungary.[7] It has been marked every year by the Hungarian Defence Force and the public since 2001.[8]

Indonesia edit

Hari Pahlawan (Indonesian for Heroes' Day) is a Remembrance Day annually celebrated on 10 November in Indonesia.[9] The day commemorates the 1945 Battle of Surabaya,[10] in which pro-independence Indonesian local community, as well as soldiers and militia fought against British and Dutch troops as part of the Indonesian National Revolution.[11]

Jamaica edit

In Jamaica, Heroes' Day is celebrated annually on the third Monday of October. It started in 1969.[12] It honours Alexander Bustamante, Jamaica’s first prime minister; Nanny of the Maroons, who led a fight for independence in the early 18th century, and five other national heroes. The government also recognizes modern heroes on this date.[13]

Kenya edit

Mashujaa Day, also known as Heroes' Day ("mashujaa" is Swahili for "heroes"), is a national day in Kenya, which is observed on 20 October as a public holiday to collectively honour all those who contributed towards the struggle for Kenya's independence or positively contributed in the post independence Kenya. It was previously known as Kenyatta Day, which was celebrated to commemorate the detention in Kapenguria of freedom fighters Achieng' Oneko, Bildad Kaggia, Fred Kubai, Jomo Kenyatta, Kung'u Karumba and Paul Ngei, often referred to as the Kapenguria Six. However, following the promulgation of the Constitution of Kenya in August 2010, Kenyatta Day was renamed.[14]

Malaysia edit

Warriors' Day (Malay: Hari Pahlawan) is a day in Malaysia that commemorates the servicemen killed during the two World Wars and the Malayan Emergency. By extension, it honours all individuals who lost their lives in the line of duty throughout Malaysia's history. Until 2010, every year on 31 July, the King and the Prime Minister as well as senior representatives of the Royal Malaysian Police and the Armed Forces gathered at the National Monument in Lake Gardens to lay wreaths and pay homage to Malaysia's fallen heroes. They now gather at Merdeka Square, Kuala Lumpur, or in Kem Perdana in Sungai Besi, also in KL (the 2014 event was held there).[15]

Mozambique edit

Heroes' Day is a public holiday in Mozambique on 3 February. It is set to commemorate those who lost their lives in the Portuguese Colonial War.[16]

Namibia edit

26 August is Heroes' Day in Namibia. It marks the beginning of the armed struggle during the Namibian War of Independence.

Paraguay edit

Heroes' Day in Paraguay is a national public holiday held on 1 March. It commemorates the death of President Francisco Solano López at the battle of Cerro Cora in 1870, ending the War of the Triple Alliance.

Philippines edit

National Heroes' Day (Filipino: Araw ng mga Bayani) is a national public holiday in the Philippines observed every last Monday in August[17] to mark the anniversary of the Cry of Pugad Lawin, the beginning of the Philippine Revolution by the Katipunan and its Supremo Andrés Bonifacio in 1896.[18] This holiday was originally kept on the last Sunday of August in 1931, but in 2007 was moved to its present date by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to reduce work disruptions, allow for longer weekends, and boost domestic tourism and businesses.[17]

Romania edit

Heroes' Day in Romania is celebrated on the 40th day (Feast of the Ascension) from the Orthodox Easter. It is a national holiday;[19] observed with military and religious festivities at the monuments dedicated to the national heroes (such as the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier).

Rwanda edit

National Heroes' Day is a public holiday in Rwanda on 1 February.

Saint Kitts and Nevis edit

National Heroes Day is a holiday in Saint Kitts and Nevis that is observed annually on 16 September. It honours individuals who have made significant contributions to the advancement of the nation. There are currently five national heroes: Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw, Paul Southwell, Joseph Nathaniel France, Simeon Daniel and Kennedy Simmonds.

South Africa edit

Heroes' Day, also known as Kruger Day, was celebrated in the South African Republic and later in the Republic of South Africa until 1994.

Sri Lanka edit

National Heroes Day in Sri Lanka is celebrated every 22 May. It has been celebrated since 1818 Kandyan rebellion against British invasion in Sri Lanka. This year (2013), 195th commemoration of National Heroes Day of Sri Lanka was held by the sponsorship of the Sri Lankan Government.[citation needed]

Turks and Caicos Islands edit

In the Turks and Caicos Islands, National Heroes' Day takes place on the last Monday in May.[26][27]

Uganda edit

Heroes' Day in Uganda takes place every 9 June.

United Kingdom edit

The United Kingdom first celebrated a National Heroes Day in 2011, on 21 October (the same day as the victory at Battle of Trafalgar). It was founded by Danny Glavin, a teacher from Fareham, Hampshire. After hearing about the tragic death of his childhood friend whilst serving in Afghanistan, he decided to fund-raise for a military charity in his memory. The day was endorsed by Prime Minister David Cameron. Now Glavin has founded The Inspiration Federation and coordinates the Heroes Day Educational Programme within schools across the United Kingdom.[28][29]

Zambia edit

Heroes' Day in Zambia is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in July annually. Heroes Day is a memorial day for those who perished during the independence struggles. Unity Day, also a public holiday, occurs the next day, celebrating a country with over 70 languages and dialects, united into one nation.[30][31]

Zimbabwe edit

Heroes' Day in Zimbabwe is a public holiday observed on the second Monday of August each year.[32] This is a day to remember those who died during the liberation war or those who were declared National Heroes when they died and are buried at the National shrine, The National Heroes Acre in Harare. There are also 10 Provincial Heroes Acres where those who have not been accorded the highest honour but are recognised for the role they played during the Liberation War and are buried in the Provinces they would have come from.

References edit

  1. ^ "History of Barbados, The Parliament of Barbados". Barbadosparliament.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Bermuda scraps public holiday for British queen". Reuters. 16 April 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Bermuda's National Heroes Day changed". Jamaica Gleaner. 11 May 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  4. ^ "National Heroes Day in Bermuda in 2023". Office Holidays. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  5. ^ "National Heroes Day" (Press release). Government of Bermuda: Ministry of Youth, Culture, and Sport. 16 June 2022. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Guinea-Bissau Public Holidays 2021 (Africa)". The qppstudio.net website. Retrieved 3 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Hungary marks Heroes' Day". Daily News Hungary. MTI. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Benkő Marks Memorial Day Of Hungarian Heroes". Xpatloop.com. 28 May 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  9. ^ Barley, Tasa Nugraza (10 November 2011). "Tribute to our Nations' Veterans". Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013.
  10. ^ Who are real heroes of Indonesia?
  11. ^ Indonesia Search Heroes
  12. ^ "A short historical background to National Heroes' Day in Jamaica". www.loopjamaica.com. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  13. ^ "National Heroes Day 2020, 2021 and 2022 in Jamaica". PublicHolidays.la. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  14. ^ Constitution of Kenya (2010)
  15. ^ Rekindling
  16. ^ "Heroes' Day Holiday in Mozambique in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  17. ^ a b "National Heroes Day". Official Gazette. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  18. ^ "National Heroes Day 2018 and 2019". Publicholidays.ph. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  19. ^ Ziua Eroilor
  20. ^ Nevis 3
  21. ^ Nevis 4
  22. ^ Nevis 1
  23. ^ "Nevis 2". Archived from the original on 4 November 2004. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Nevisians elated at the announcement of Simeon Daniel as National Hero". Archived from the original on 21 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  25. ^ Simmonds Named 5th National Hero
  26. ^ "CARICOM listing of Turks and Caicos holidays". Caricom.org. 2 July 1991. Archived from the original on 29 June 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  27. ^ "News about the day in Turks and Caicos". Reefnews.com. 26 February 1999. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  28. ^ The Inspiration Federation website; accessed 20 May 2015.
  29. ^ Travis, Jeff (26 September 2011). "Mayor Supports Heroes Day". The News (Portsmouth). Archived from the original on 1 September 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  30. ^ "Importance of Heroes, Unity days". Zambia Daily Mail. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  31. ^ Chilufya, Panic (29 June 2022). "Celebrating Heroes, Unity days". Zambia Daily Mail. Retrieved 8 March 2023.
  32. ^ "CHAPTER 10:21 PUBLIC HOLIDAYS AND PROHIBITION OF BUSINESS ACT" (PDF). CALR Center for Applied Legal Research. Archived from the original on 26 April 2017.