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Hero of the Republic

Hero of the Republic (Chosŏn'gŭl공화국영웅; MRKonghwaguk Yŏng'ung) is a North Korean honorific title. It was created on 30 June 1950 as Hero of the Korean People's Republic (조선인민공화국영웅). It was the first title created in the country. Despite having been created just five days after the Korean War broke out, the connection seems incidental.[1] 533 people were awarded Hero of the Republic during the war,[2] and many more since then.

Hero of the Republic
Gold Star KNDR.png
Awarded by North Korea
CountryNorth Korea
TypeHonorific title
StatusActive
Statistics
Established30 June 1950 (1950-06-30)
Total awardedAt least 543
Posthumous
awards
Kim Jong-suk
Mao Anying
soldiers of KPA and CVF killed in action
Precedence
Next (higher)none
or
Order of Kim Il-sung
Hero of the Republic
Chosŏn'gŭl
공화국영웅
Hancha
共和國英雄
McCune–ReischauerKonghwaguk Yŏng'ung

Since there is no agreed upon order of precedence of North Korean titles, orders, and medals, it is not possible to definitively establish the rank of Hero of the Republic. According to Yonhap's North Korea Handbook, Hero of the Republic ranks below the Order of Kim Il-sung but above the Hero of Labor.[3] Martin Weiser, however, ranks Hero of Labor the highest.[1]

Contents

RecipientsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Weiser, Martin (8 January 2016). "Chests Full of Brass: A DPRK Political History in Orders, Medals, Prizes, and Titles". Sino-NK.
  2. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 934.
  3. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 131.
  4. ^ "Kim Chol-man" (PDF). North Korean Leadership Watch. p. 2. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  5. ^ "Choe Ryong Hae (Ch'oe Ryong-hae)". North Korea Leadership Watch. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  6. ^ Abad-Santos, Alexander (2013-05-09). "Did a Female North Korean Traffic Cop Save Kim Jong-un from Assassination?". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
  7. ^ Kim Han-ju (7 December 2012). "N. Korean sailors awarded hero's title for attack on S. Korean warship: defector". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  8. ^ Intelligence Report: Kim Il-Sung's New Military Adventurism (PDF). Washington: Directorate of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency. 26 November 1968. p. 26. Reference title: ESAU XLI. Document number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 5077054e993247d4d82b6a8b. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  9. ^ North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 493.
  10. ^ Appleman, Roy E. (1998). South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu: United States Army in the Korean War. Washington: Department of the Army. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-16-001918-0.

Works citedEdit