Hero of the Republic
Hero of the Republic (Korean: 공화국영웅; MR: Konghwaguk Yŏng'ung) is a North Korean honorific title. It was created on 30 June 1950 as Hero of the Korean People's Republic (조선인민공화국영웅). It was the first title created in the country. Despite having been created just five days after the Korean War broke out, the connection seems incidental. 533 people were awarded Hero of the Republic during the war, and many more since then.
|Hero of the Republic|
|Awarded by Democratic People's Republic of Korea|
|Established||30 June 1950|
|Total awarded||At least 543|
soldiers of KPA and CVF killed in action
Order of Kim Il-sung
|Next (lower)||Hero of Labour|
|Related||Order of National Flag (1st class)|
|Hero of the Republic|
|Revised Romanization||Gonghwagugy Yeongung|
Since there is no agreed upon order of precedence of North Korean titles, orders, and medals, it is not possible to definitively establish the rank of Hero of the Republic. According to Yonhap's North Korea Handbook, Hero of the Republic ranks below the Order of Kim Il-sung but above the Hero of Labor. Martin Weiser, however, ranks Hero of Labor the highest.
- Kim Chol-man (September 1968)
- Choe Ryong-hae (1993)
- Lee Soo-bok
- Ri Kyong-sim (May 2013)
- Submarine captain, co-captain, chief engineer, and boatswain responsible for the ROKS Cheonan sinking (October 2010)
- Choe Hyon
- Kim Jong-suk (posthumous)
- Jong Song-ok
- Lee Kwon-mu
- Kim Il-sung(thrice: 1952, 1972, 1982)
- Kim Jong-il (thrice including one posthumously)
- Peng Dehuai
- Mao Anying (posthumous)
- Wu Xianhua (posthumous)
- Xu Jiayou (posthumous)
- Li Jiafa (posthumous)
- Ziaur Rahman, President of Bangladesh
- Weiser, Martin (8 January 2016). "Chests Full of Brass: A DPRK Political History in Orders, Medals, Prizes, and Titles". Sino-NK.
- North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 934.
- North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 131.
- "Kim Chol-man" (PDF). North Korean Leadership Watch. p. 2. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- "Choe Ryong Hae (Ch'oe Ryong-hae)". North Korea Leadership Watch. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- Abad-Santos, Alexander (2013-05-09). "Did a Female North Korean Traffic Cop Save Kim Jong-un from Assassination?". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2019-02-14.
- Kim Han-ju (7 December 2012). "N. Korean sailors awarded hero's title for attack on S. Korean warship: defector". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
- Intelligence Report: Kim Il-Sung's New Military Adventurism (PDF). Washington: Directorate of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency. 26 November 1968. p. 26. Reference title: ESAU XLI. Document number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 5077054e993247d4d82b6a8b. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
- North Korea Handbook 2002, p. 493.
- Appleman, Roy E. (1998). South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu: United States Army in the Korean War. Washington: Department of the Army. p. 293. ISBN 978-0-16-001918-0.
- বাংলাদেশের রাজনৈতিক ঘটনাপঞ্জি ১৯৭১-২০১১-মুহাম্মদ হাবিবুর রহমান ||ROKOMARI.COM|| Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Kim Il-sung (1981) . "Talk with Heroes of the Republic and Model Soldiers: June 29, 1951" (PDF). Kim Il Sung: Works. 6. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. pp. 331–338. OCLC 827642144.