Herman Louis Franks (January 4, 1914 – March 30, 2009) was a catcher, coach, manager, general manager and scout in American Major League Baseball. He was born in Price, Utah, to Italian-American immigrant parents and attended the University of Utah.
|Catcher / Manager|
|Born: January 4, 1914|
|Died: March 30, 2009 (aged 95)|
Salt Lake City, Utah
|April 27, 1939, for the St. Louis Cardinals|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 28, 1949, for the New York Giants|
|Runs batted in||43|
A left-handed hitter who threw right-handed, Franks was listed at 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and 187 pounds (85 kg). He broke into professional baseball with the Hollywood Stars of the Pacific Coast League in 1932, but he was soon acquired by the St. Louis Cardinals and joined their vast farm system.
He made the Cardinals for just 17 games and 17 at-bats in 1939, before being drafted by the Brooklyn Dodgers, where he served as a second-string catcher in 1940–41 and began his long association with Leo Durocher, then Brooklyn's manager. As a Dodger, Franks caught Tex Carleton's no-hitter on April 30, 1940.
Franks missed 3½ seasons during World War II, when he served in the United States Navy in the Pacific Theater of Operations and attained the rank of lieutenant (junior grade). He resumed his playing career in 1946 with the Triple-A Montreal Royals, then became the playing manager of the Dodgers' St. Paul Saints affiliate in the Triple-A American Association in 1947. In August of that season, however, he resigned his post to return to the Major Leagues as a backup catcher with the Philadelphia Athletics, where he appeared in 48 games in 1947–48 and batted .221.
In 1949, Franks received his first coaching assignment, as an aide to Durocher with the New York Giants, and was activated for one final MLB game on August 28, 1949—going 2-for-3 against the Cincinnati Reds in a 4–2 New York triumph.
As a New York Giant from 1949–55, he was a member of two National League championship clubs (1951, 1954) and was the third-base coach of the World Series (1954) title team. According to author Joshua Prager in his 2006 book The Echoing Green, Franks played a critical role in the Giants' Bobby Thomson's famous pennant-winning home run in the 1951 NL tiebreaker playoffs—Baseball's Shot Heard Round The World. According to Prager, Franks was stationed in the Giants' center-field clubhouse at the Polo Grounds, their home field, stealing the opposing catcher's signs through a telescope and relaying them through second-string catcher Sal Yvars (positioned in the bullpen) to the Giants' coaches and hitters. When asked where he was when Thomson hit his home run, Franks said, in 1996, that he was "doing something for Durocher" at the time.
Whatever his role may have been on that day, Franks was known as a devotee of Durocher-style, win-at-any-cost baseball, including intimidation through flying spikes and brushback pitching. Dodger outfielder Carl Furillo told author Roger Kahn that Franks was known to poke his head into the Brooklyn clubhouse before games, to taunt Furillo that Giant pitchers were planning to throw at his head in the upcoming contest. Furillo, whose hatred for Durocher was so intense that he would engage Durocher in a fistfight in a Giant dugout filled with enemy players, said of the Giants, in Peter Golenbock's book Bums: An Oral History of the Brooklyn Dodgers, "They were dirty ballplayers ... They all wanted to be like Durocher, to copy Durocher. That Herman Franks, he was another one."
Durocher quit the Giants after the 1955 season, and the team relocated to San Francisco after 1957. From 1956 to 1964, Franks was briefly a Giants' scout, then the general manager of the PCL Salt Lake City Bees. He also spent two additional one-year terms (in 1958 and 1964) as a San Francisco Giants' coach before succeeding Alvin Dark as the club's manager after the 1964 season.
Even though the team featured future Hall of Famers Willie Mays, Willie McCovey, Juan Marichal and Gaylord Perry, Franks' four seasons (1965–68) managing the Giants each produced frustrating second-place finishes in the National League. The club lost close pennant races to the Los Angeles Dodgers by two games in 1965 and 1½ games in 1966. It finished farther behind the Cardinals the next two years, 10½ lengths out in 1967 and nine back in 1968. After he stepped down as skipper following the conclusion of the 1968 season, he was quoted as saying, " Is finishing second so evil?" He was replaced by Clyde King.
A highly successful businessman off the field, Franks spent the next eight years out of the Major League spotlight, apart from a partial season (August and September 1970) as a pitching coach under Durocher with the Chicago Cubs. After the 1976 campaign, Franks returned to the Major Leagues when he replaced Jim Marshall as manager of the Cubs. In 1977, he led the Cubs back to the .500 level, but the team lost ground in 1978 and was just one game above the break-even mark in September 1979 when Franks resigned (issuing a number of complaints about certain players ). He was the interim general manager of the Cubs from May through November 1981. However, most of his tenure was taken up by the 1981 players' strike. He lost his chance to be named full-time general manager when the Tribune Company bought the Cubs and replaced him with Dallas Green.
Although Franks compiled a poor record as a player (a batting average of .199 with three home runs in 188 games over parts of six seasons), he notched a winning record as a manager: 605–521, .537.
- Goldstein, Richard (April 1, 2009). "Baseball's Herman Franks Dies at 95". The New York Times. Retrieved April 1, 2009.
- "Passings". Los Angeles Times. April 1, 2009. Retrieved April 1, 2009.
- Salt Lake Tribune obituary, 31 March 2009 Archived 14 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- Baseball in Wartime
- The New York Times, March 31, 2009
- Saccoman, John. "Carl Furillo". Society for American Baseball Research Biography Project. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- Golenbock, Peter (1984). BUMS: An Oral History of the Brooklyn Dodgers. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 283. ISBN 0-399-12846-8.
- Shea, John. "Herman Franks 1914-2009: Led Giants to four 2nd-place finishes," San Francisco Chronicle, Tuesday, March 31, 2009.
- Baseball-Reference.com – career managing record and playing statistics
- McGrath, Dan. "Former Chicago Cubs manager Herman Franks dies at 95," Chicago Tribune, Wednesday, April 1, 2009.
- Herman Franks at Find a Grave
- Drew, Jay. "SLC baseball legend Herman Franks dies at 95," The Salt Lake Tribune, Wednesday, April 1, 2009.
- Herman Louis Franks Sr. – The Salt Lake Tribune Obituary Notices.
- Official Baseball Register (1968 edition). St. Louis: The Sporting News.
- Golenbock, Peter. Bums: An Oral History of the Brooklyn Dodgers. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1984.
| Chicago Cubs General Manager