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Hermagor-Pressegger See (Slovene: Šmohor-Preseško jezero) is a town in the Austrian state of Carinthia. It is the administrative centre of Hermagor District. The town is named after Saint Hermagoras, the first bishop of Aquileia.

Hermagor-Pressegger See
Town centre
Town centre
Coat of arms of Hermagor-Pressegger See
Coat of arms
Hermagor-Pressegger See is located in Austria
Hermagor-Pressegger See
Hermagor-Pressegger See
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°37′38″N 13°22′02″E / 46.62722°N 13.36722°E / 46.62722; 13.36722Coordinates: 46°37′38″N 13°22′02″E / 46.62722°N 13.36722°E / 46.62722; 13.36722
CountryAustria
StateCarinthia
DistrictHermagor
Government
 • MayorSiegfried Ronacher (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total204.82 km2 (79.08 sq mi)
Elevation
602 m (1,975 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total6,824
 • Density33/km2 (86/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9620
Area code0 42 82
Vehicle registrationHE
Websitewww.hermagor.at

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Hermagor in the Gail valley, view towards the Gailtal Alps

LocationEdit

Hermagor is located in the lower Gail valley at the northern foot of the Carnic Alps, close to the border with Italy. In the south, the Naßfeld Pass connects it with the Italian municipality of Pontebba. In the north, the road leads via Gitschtal into the Gailtal Alps, across Kreuzberg Saddle to the Weissensee lake and further down to Greifenburg in the Drava valley. Hermagor station is a stop on the Gailtal Railway line from Arnoldstein to Kötschach-Mauthen.

The municipal area comprises shallow Pressegger See, one of the warmest lakes in Austria with extensive reed banks.

Municipal arrangementEdit

Hermagor-Pressegger See is divided into the following cadastral communities:

  • Tröpolach (Slovene: Drobolje or Dobropolje)
  • Egg (Brdo)
  • Görtschach (Goriče)
  • Guggenberg
  • Hermagor (Šmohor, earlier also Trg)
  • Khünburg
  • Mitschig (Mičiče or Semičiče)
  • Möderndorf (Modra vas)
  • Möschach
  • Nampolach (Napole)
  • Rattendorf (Radnja vas)
  • Watschig (Vačiče)
  • Vellach (Bela)
  • Neudorf (Genialovizo)

It is further divided into the following settlements: Achleiten (4), Aigen (4), Bergl (24), Braunitzen (12) (Boronica), Brugg (31) (Moste), Burgstall (9), Danz (26), Dellach (94) (Dole), Egg (178) (Brdo), Eggforst (10), Förolach (162), Fritzendorf (58) (Limarče), Görtschach (173), Götzing (22) (Gocina), Grafenau (0) (Kazla), Grünburg (70), Guggenberg (34), Hermagor (1.527) (Šmohor), Jenig (178) (Jenik), Kameritsch (80) (Kamerče), Khünburg (247), Kleinbergl (30), Kraß (14), Kraschach (57) (Krošani), Kreuth ob Möschach (19) (Rut(e)), Kreuth ob Mellweg (60) (Rut(e)), Kreuth ob Rattendorf (76) (Rute(e)), Kühweg (202), Kühwegboden (156), Latschach (86) (Loče), Liesch (7), Möderndorf (223) (Modrinja vas/ves), Mellach (49) (Mele), Mellweg (45) (Melviče, Maloviše), Micheldorf (167) (Velika vas/ves), Mitschig (79) (Mičiče), Nampolach (27) (Napole), Neudorf (271), Neuprießenegg (36), Obermöschach (38), Obervellach (243), Paßriach (143)(Pažirje), Podlanig (51) (Podlanig), Postran (123) (Postran), Potschach (61) (Potoče), Presseggen (222) (Preseka), Presseggersee (130) (Preseško jezero), Radnig (203), Radnigforst (0), Rattendorf (343) (Radnja vas), Schinzengraben (26), Schlanitzen (41) (Zelenica), Schmidt (1), Siebenbrünn (2), Sonnenalpe Naßfeld (27)(Mokrine), Sonnleitn (17), Süßenberg (20) (Planja), Toschehof (0) (Tesinje), Tröpolach (535) (Dobropolje, Dropolje), Untermöschach (48), Untervellach (229), Watschig (129) (Vočiče), Wittenig (50), Zuchen (3) (Suha).

HistoryEdit

 
Saint Hermagoras parish church

Archaeological finds have shown that the historic iron ore mining area was already settled around 1800-1200 BC. It later was part of the Celtic kingdom of Noricum, which was incorporated into the Roman Empire in 15 BC.

The parish of Saint Hermagoras in the Duchy of Carinthia was first mentioned in an 1169 document, probably a foundation of the Patriarchs of Aquileia. Due to its strategic location, it quickly prospered, obtained market rights in 1288, and became the main settlement of the Gail valley.

In 1779 the botanist Franz Xaver von Wulfen discovered Wulfenia carinthiaca on the slopes of the Gartnerkofel peak. Hermagor became capital of the eponymous district in 1868 and was home of an Imperial-Royal Landwehr garrison. The Gailtal Railway line was built from 1894, it was extended in 1915 for military purposes on the Italian Front of World War I.

Hermagor obtained town privileges on 10 October 1930, on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Carinthian plebiscite. The present-day municipality of Hermagor-Pressegger See was established by a merger of several formerly independent communes in the course of a 1973 administrative reform.

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
18695,366—    
18805,821+8.5%
18905,797−0.4%
19006,030+4.0%
19106,621+9.8%
19236,095−7.9%
19346,296+3.3%
19396,760+7.4%
19517,219+6.8%
19617,036−2.5%
19717,238+2.9%
19817,079−2.2%
19917,403+4.6%
20017,232−2.3%
20117,082−2.1%

Points of interestEdit

  • Möderndorf Castle, including the Gail Valley Museum

EconomyEdit

The economy of Hermagor today largely depends on tourism, especially skiing around Naßfeld Pass, the largest ski area in Carinthia. Pressegger See and the surrounding mountains are also a traditional summer retreat and a popular destination for hikers.

PoliticsEdit

 
Town hall

Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtrat) as of 2015 local elections:

International relationsEdit

Hermagor is twinned with:

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External linksEdit