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Herbert Mayhew Lord (December 6, 1859 – June 2, 1930) was director of the United States Bureau of the Budget (now the Office of Management and Budget) from July 1, 1922, to May 31, 1929, during the administrations of presidents Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover.

Herbert M. Lord
111-SC-35906 - NARA - 55231005-cropped.jpg
Brigadier gen. Herbert Lord in the Munitions Building, January 1919
In office
July 1, 1922 – May 31, 1929
PresidentWarren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
Preceded byCharles G. Dawes
Succeeded byClawson Roop
Personal details
Born
Herbert Mayhew Lord

(1859-12-06)December 6, 1859
Rockland, Maine, U.S.
DiedJune 2, 1930(1930-06-02) (aged 70)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationColby College (BA)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
RankUS-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General

Contents

Early lifeEdit

He was originally from Maine, and he graduated from Colby College in Waterville, Maine, in 1884.[1] He worked for newspapers during and after graduation in such locations as Rockland, Maine; Denver, Colorado; and Tennessee. He also served as a congressional aide, working as the Chief Clerk of the Ways and Means Committee during the passage of the Dingley Tariff Bill, named for Chairman Nelson Dingley.

Military careerEdit

 
Herbert Lord as Director of the Bureau of the Budget 1921

During the Spanish–American War, he joined the United States Army as a Major and Paymaster of Volunteers, and he was commissioned in the Regular Army near the end of the war.[2]

During World War I, he managed the finances for the Quartermaster Corps and was eventually promoted to Director of Finance, controlling the approximately $24 billion appropriations for the War Department. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his services, and he rose to the rank of brigadier general before retiring on June 30, 1922, to accept the appointment as Director of the U.S. Bureau of the Budget, succeeding the bureau's first director Charles G. Dawes.[3]

Civilian careerEdit

Lord worked very closely with President Coolidge on cutting the federal government budget, meeting with him weekly.[4] He became known for strictness and creativity in cutting the budget as well as attention to detail. Lord chided the US army for purchasing 200,000 new brooms when old ones were available, instructed government departments to write fewer and shorter letters, and saved on transportation costs by using lighter official government paper.[5] Lord and Coolidge succeeded in lowering the federal spending from around $3.2 billion in 1923 to $3.053 billion in 1924.[6] Lord's efforts helped in allowing the federal government to run a surplus throughout Coolidge's tenure as President, enabling significant reductions in the federal debt built up by previous administrations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Davis Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 235. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151.
  2. ^ Davis Jr., Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki. p. 235.
  3. ^ Congressional Digest, Inc., 1922, https://books.google.com/books?id=1OiHAAAAMAAJ
  4. ^ Shlaes, pp. 476-477.
  5. ^ Shlaes, pp. 566-568.
  6. ^ Shlaes, pp. 521-522.
Bibliography

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Charles G. Dawes
Director of the Bureau of the Budget
1922–1929
Succeeded by
Clawson Roop