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Herbert Fairfax Leary (May 31, 1885 – December 3, 1957) was a Vice Admiral and commander of United States Navy forces during the Pacific Campaign of World War II. On January 27, 1942, Leary was appointed commander of the ANZAC Force based in Australia. On April 22, 1942, the ANZAC Force was absorbed by the South West Pacific Area command under United States Army General Douglas MacArthur, and Leary took command of MacArthur's naval forces. Leary was replaced by Arthur S. Carpender on September 11, 1942.

Herbert Fairfax Leary
Herbert Fairfax Leary.jpg
Born(1885-05-31)May 31, 1885
Washington, D.C.
DiedDecember 3, 1957(1957-12-03) (aged 72)
Newport, Rhode Island
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchSeal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
RankUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice admiral
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsNavy Cross
Silver Star
Legion of Merit (2)
Herbert Leary (right) with President Harry S. Truman aboard the battleship USS Missouri (BB-63) at the New York Fleet Review on 27 October 1945.


  • Leary, William M. (2004). We Shall Return!: MacArthur's Commanders and the Defeat of Japan, 1942-1945. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-9105-X.
  • United States Army Center of Military History. "The Campaigns of MacArthur in the Pacific, Volume I". Reports of General MacArthur. Retrieved 2006-12-08.