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Herbert Faulkner Copeland (May 21, 1902 – October 15, 1968) was an American biologist who contributed to the theory of biological kingdoms. He is responsible for the fourth kingdom, Monera. In 1966, he included bacteria and one of the most primitive algae, called blue green algae, under this kingdom.

Herbert Faulkner Copeland
BornMay 21, 1902
DiedOctober 15, 1968 (1968-10-16) (aged 66)
Known forbiological kingdoms, esp. Monera
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (botany)H.F.Copel.

His father was Edwin Copeland who was also the founder of the College of Agriculture at the University of the Philippines Los Banos and a leading pteridologist.


  • "The kingdoms of organisms", Quarterly review of biology v.13, p. 383-420, 1938.
  • The classification of lower organisms, Palo Alto, Calif., Pacific Books, 1956.


  1. ^ IPNI.  H.F.Copel.