Herbert B. Powell
Herbert Butler Powell (July 13, 1903 – April 3, 1998) was a United States Army general and diplomat. He served as Commanding General of the United States Continental Army Command, and was later United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa.
Herbert B. Powell
Major General Herbert B. Powell c. 1956
|Born||July 13, 1903|
|Died||April 3, 1998 (aged 94)|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1919–1963|
|Commands held||United States Continental Army Command|
Third United States Army
United States Army Pacific
25th Infantry Division
17th Infantry Regiment
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross|
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal (3)
|Other work||United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa (1963–67)|
Early life and careerEdit
Powell was born in Monmouth, Oregon on July 13, 1903. He joined the Oregon National Guard as a private in 1919, rising to the rank of sergeant. He received his commission in 1927 after graduating from the University of Oregon with a degree in journalism.
During World War II, Powell was chief of staff of the 75th Infantry Division, fighting in Europe. In the Korean War, Powell commanded the only American regiment, the 17th Infantry, to reach the Yalu River. Powell later commanded the 25th Infantry Division at Schofield Barracks, where he was known as the "Soldier's General." He briefly commanded the United States Army Pacific for three months, from April to July 1956, as an interim commander for General Blackshear M. Bryan. He later received promotions to lieutenant general and general. Subsequent commands included Commanding General for the Third United States Army in Fort McPherson, Georgia, and Commanding General of the United States Continental Army Command, Fort Monroe, Virginia.
Other significant duties for Powell were Commandant of the United States Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Georgia, and Deputy Commanding General for Reserve Forces at Fort Monroe. After his retirement in 1963, President John F. Kennedy appointed him the United States Ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa, a post he filled from 1963 to 1967. He died on 3 April 1998 in a nursing home in Williamsburg, Virginia.
Awards and decorationsEdit
Powell's awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, the Bronze Star Medal with two oak leaf clusters, the Purple Heart, and the Air Medal. He was also a qualified army aviator. Powell was inducted posthumously into the University of Oregon School of Journalism and Communication Hall of Achievement on October 14, 2004.
Robert F. Sink
| Commanding General of the Third United States Army
Thomas J. H. Trapnell
Anthony B. Akers
| United States Ambassador to New Zealand
John F. Henning
| United States Ambassador to Samoa|