Herðubreið (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈhɛrðʏˌpreiːθ], broad-shouldered) is a tuya in northern part of Vatnajökull National Park, Iceland. It is situated in the Highlands of Iceland at the east side of the Ódáðahraun ([ˈouːˌtauːðaˌr̥œiːn]) desert and close to Askja volcano. The desert is a large lava field originating from eruptions of Trölladyngja and other shield volcanoes in the area. Herðubreið was formed beneath the icesheet that covered Iceland during the last glacial period.[1]

Herðubreið, viewed from the southeast
Highest point
Elevation1,682 m (5,518 ft)
ListingList of volcanoes in Iceland
Coordinates65°10′44.06″N 16°20′50.36″W / 65.1789056°N 16.3473222°W / 65.1789056; -16.3473222
Herðubreið is located in Iceland
LocationEastern Iceland
Age of rockPleistocene
Mountain typeTuya
Last eruptionPleistocene

Overview Edit

Due to the mountain's steep and unstable sides, the first ascent was in 1908 despite centuries of knowledge of its existence.[citation needed]

The mountain is often referred to as "The Queen of Icelandic Mountains" by Icelanders due to its beautiful shape.[2]

Near the mountain lies an oasis called Herðubreiðarlindir [ˈhɛrðʏˌpreiːðarˌlɪntɪr̥] with a campground and hiking trails. In former times, outcasts who had been excluded from Icelandic society because of crimes they had committed lived at the oasis.[citation needed] One such outlaw was Fjalla-Eyvindur, who lived there during the winter of 1774–1775.[3]

In 2019, Herðubreið became a part of Vatnajökull National Park.[4]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Teitsson, Ingvar. "Herðubreið - Drottning íslenskra fjalla". International year of mountains 2002. Icelandic Environment Association. Archived from the original on 2005-02-21. Retrieved 2011-10-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) Archive.org
  2. ^ "Var Herðubreið eldfjall og gæti hún gosið?".
  3. ^ Askja and Kverkfjoll: Exploring the Area, Frommer's Iceland, 1st Edition.
  4. ^ "Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður stækkaður: Herðubreið og Herðubreiðarlindir hluti af þjóðgarðinum".

External links Edit