Hepatic artery proper

The hepatic artery proper (also proper hepatic artery) is the artery that supplies the liver and gallbladder. It raises from the common hepatic artery, a branch of the celiac artery.

Hepatic artery proper
Common and proper hepatic artery.png
The hepatic artery proper branches from the common hepatic artery.
Inferior surface of the liver. (Entrance for hepatic artery labeled at bottom center.)
Sourcecommon hepatic artery
Latinarteria hepatica propria
Anatomical terminology


The hepatic artery proper arises from the common hepatic artery and runs alongside the portal vein and the common bile duct to form the portal triad. A branch of the common hepatic artery –the gastroduodenal artery gives off the small supraduodenal artery to the duodenal bulb. Then the right gastric artery comes off and runs to the left along the lesser curvature of the stomach to meet the left gastric artery, which is a branch of the celiac trunk. It subsequently bifurcates into the right and left hepatic arteries. Of note, the right and left hepatic arteries may demonstrate variant anatomy. A misplaced right hepatic artery may arise from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and a misplaced left hepatic artery may arise from the left gastric artery. The cystic artery generally comes from the right hepatic artery.[1]

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  1. ^ Balija, M; Huis, M; Nikolic, V; Stulhofer, M (1999). "Laparoscopic visualization of the cystic artery anatomy". World Journal of Surgery. 23 (7): 703–7, discussion 707. doi:10.1007/pl00012372. PMID 10390590.

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