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Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston

Henry Temple, 1st Viscount Palmerston (c.1673 – 10 June 1757) was an Anglo-Irish nobleman, landowner and Whig politician who sat in the British House of Commons from 1727 to 1747.

Temple was the eldest son of Sir John Temple, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, and his wife Jane Yarner, daughter of Sir Abraham Yarner, muster-master general for Ireland. He was educated at Eton College from around 1689 to 1693 and was admitted at King's College, Cambridge in 1693.[1] On 10 June 1703, he married Anne Houblon (1683 - 13 December 1735), the daughter of Abraham Houblon, a governor of the Bank of England.[2]

Temple was created Viscount Palmerston of Palmerston, County Dublin, and Baron Temple of Mount Temple on 12 March 1723.[3] He helped Bishop Berkeley in his schemes in the West Indies.[1] At the 1727 British general election, he was returned as Member of Parliament for East Grinstead. He was returned as MP for Bossiney at the 1734 British general election. At the 1741 British general election he was returned as MP for Weobley until 1747.[2]

In 1736, Palmerston bought Broadlands from Humphrey Sydenham and began to rework the gardens there. He began the deformalisation of the gardens between the river and the house and produced the (broad-lands) "gentle descent to the river". On 11 May 1738 at St Antholin, Budge Row, he married again, to Isabella Fryer, widow of Sir John Fryer, 1st Baronet, and daughter of Sir Francis Gerard, 4th Baronet.[4]

Palmerston died on10 June 1757. He had two children by his first wife , neither of whom survived him.:

He had no children by his second wife Isabella, who died on 11 August 1762 at North End, Hammersmith.[5] . He was succeeded by his grandson Henry.


  1. ^ a b "Temple, Henry (TML693H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b "TEMPLE, Henry, 1st Visct. Palmerston [I] (c.1673-1757), of East Sheen, Surr. and Broadlands, Hants". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  3. ^ "No. 6136". The London Gazette. 5 February 1723. p. 1.
  4. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1900) Complete Baronetage. Volume I. Exeter: W. Pollard & Co. LCCN 06-23564. p. 143
  5. ^ Cokayne, George Edward (1906) Complete Baronetage. Volume V. Exeter: W. Pollard & Co. LCCN 06-23564. p. 25

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Viscount Shannon
Edward Conyers
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
With: The Viscount Shannon
Succeeded by
Earl of Middlesex
Edward Conyers
Preceded by
John Hedges
James Cholmondeley
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
With: Townshend Andrews 1734–1737
Peregrine Poulett 1737–1741
Succeeded by
Richard Liddell
Thomas Foster
Preceded by
Sir John Buckworth, Bt
James Cornewall
Member of Parliament for Weobley
With: The Lord Carpenter
Succeeded by
Mansell Powell
Savage Mostyn
Peerage of Ireland
New title Viscount Palmerston
Succeeded by
Henry Temple