Open main menu

Vice Admiral Sir Henry Kellett KCB (2 November 1806 – 1 March 1875) was a British naval officer and explorer.

Sir Henry Kellett
Henry Kellett.jpg
Sir Henry Kellett
Born 2 November 1806
Clonacody, Tipperary, Ireland
Died 1 March 1875 (1875-04) (aged 68)
Clonacody, Tipperary, Ireland
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service 1822–1871
Rank Vice Admiral
Commands held HMS Starling
HMS Herald
HMS Resolute (1850))
Jamaica Division
China Station
Battles/wars First Opium War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Contents

Naval careerEdit

Kellett joined the Royal Navy in 1822.[1] He spent three years in the West Indies and then served on survey vessels under William Fitzwilliam Owen in Africa, as second in command of HMS Sulphur under Edward Belcher in the East Indies,[2] and as captain of HMS Starling in the First Opium War with China during which he was promoted to Commander in 1841 and Post-Captain in 1842.[3]

In 1845 he was appointed captain of the survey ship HMS Herald as part of a hydrography survey mission whose primary mission was to survey the coast of North America from Guayaquil to Vancouver, including the Galápagos Islands.[4] He was temporarily reassigned in 1848 to join the search for Sir John Franklin. During this voyage he sailed through the Bering Strait across the Chukchi Sea and discovered Herald Island. Kellett landed on Herald Island and named it after his ship. He also sighted Wrangel Island in the western horizon. William Pullen was on this expedition.In 1852, he commanded HMS Resolute and went to the aid of Robert McClure, whose vessel, Investigator, was trapped in the Arctic.[2] His men constructed a storehouse on Dealy Island off the south coast of Melville Island.[5]

He became Senior Officer in the West Indies in 1855, Admiral Superintendent of the Malta Dockyard in 1864 and Commander-in-Chief, China Station in 1869.[1] He retired in 1871.[1]

MemoryEdit

Several places in Hong Kong have been named after him: Kellett Island, Kellett Bay and Mount Kellett.[6][7] Kellett Bluff on Henry Island, Washington, USA, was probably named after Captain Kellett as well. It is a place with extreme currents, views, and is frequented by feeding orcas. Kellet's whelk Kelletia kelletii is named after him.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c William Loney RN
  2. ^ a b Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  3. ^ Barr, William (2007). Arctic Hell-Ship: The Voyage of HMS Enterprise, 1850-1855. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-88864-472-8. 
  4. ^ Quanchi, Max (2005). Historical Dictionary of the Discovery and Exploration of the Pacific Islands. The Scarecrow Press. p. 87. ISBN 0810853957. 
  5. ^ Kellets' Storehouse- A Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre Online Exhibit Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Wordie, Jason (2002). Streets: Exploring Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. p. 141. ISBN 962-209-563-1. 
  7. ^ Yanne, Andrew; Heller, Gillis (2009). Signs of a Colonial Era. Hong Kong University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-962-209-944-9. 
  8. ^ Forbes E. (1850). "On the species of Mollusca collected during the Surveying Voyages of the Herald and Pandora, by Capt. Kellett, R.N., C.B. and Lieut. Wood, R.N.". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 18: 270-274. plate IX, figure 10.

Further readingEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Horatio Austin
Admiral Superintendent, Malta Dockyard
1864–1868
Succeeded by
Edward Fanshawe
Preceded by
Sir Henry Keppel
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1869–1871
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Shadwell