Henry III, Duke of Limburg

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Henry III (c. 1140 – 21 June 1221) was the Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon from 1165 to his death. He was the son and successor of Henry II and Matilda of Saffenberg.[1]

Henry III
Henry III, Duke of Limburg.png
Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon
Reign1165–1221
PredecessorHenry II
SuccessorWaleran III
Bornc.  1140
Died(1221-06-21)21 June 1221
Noble familyHouse of Limburg
Spouse(s)Sophia of Saarbrücken
Adelaide of Henneberg
IssueWaleran III
FatherHenry II
MotherMatilda of Saffenberg

In 1172, he fought against the Count of Luxembourg, Henry IV the Blind, and then his ally, the Count of Hainaut, Baldwin V. The environs of Arlon were devastated and the duke, overcome, had to recompense the Count of Luxembourg for the wrongs he had done him. In 1183, he supported the election of Folmar of Karden as Archbishop of Trier. This was opposed by the emperor, Frederick Barbarossa.

In 1213, Henry faced his nephew Henry I, Duke of Brabant at the battle of Steppes.[2] The Duke of Brabant's army broke and ran.[2] Henry later supported Otto of Brunswick over Philip of Swabia as German king and imperial claimant. He fought at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214 for Otto of Brunswick, while his son Waleran sided with Philip II of France.[3]

Marriage and childrenEdit

He married Sophia of Saarbrücken, they had:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Loud & Schenk 2017, p. xxix.
  2. ^ a b Schnerb 2010, p. 310.
  3. ^ Baldwin 2002, p. 41.

SourcesEdit

  • Baldwin, John W. (2002). Aristocratic Life in Medieval France: The Romances of Jean Renart and Gerbert de Montreuil, 1190-1230. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Loud, Graham A.; Schenk, Jochen, eds. (2017). The Origins of the German Principalities, 1100-1350: Essays by German Historians. Routledge.
  • Schnerb, Bertrand (2010). "Battle of Steppes". In Rogers, Clifford J. (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology. Vol. 3. Oxford University Press.
Henry III, Duke of Limburg
Born: c. 1140 Died: 21 June 1221
Preceded by Duke of Limburg
1165–1221
Succeeded by
Count of Arlon
1165–1221