This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2019)
Henry Dillon, 8th Viscount Dillon (died 1714) was an Irish soldier and politician. In 1689 he sat in the Patriot Parliament. He fought for the Jacobites during the Wiiliamite War, defending Galway against Ginkel and surrendering it in 1691 after a short siege. He obtained the reversal of his father's attainder in 1696 recovering his father's lands.
|Predecessor||Theobald Dillon, 7th Viscount|
|Successor||Richard Dillon, 9th Viscount|
|Died||13 January 1714|
|Bridget & Richard|
|Father||Theobald Dillon, 7th Viscount|
Birth and originsEdit
Henry was born about 1665,[a] probably at his parents' house at Kilmore, County Roscommon, Ireland. He was the second but eldest surviving of the three sons of Theobald Dillon and his wife Mary Talbot. At that time his father was heir apparent of Lucas Dillon, 6th Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen, a remote cousin. His father's family was Old English and descended from Sir Henry Dillon who had come to Ireland with Prince John in 1185.
Henry's mother was a daughter of Sir Henry Talbot of Templeogue. The Talbots also were an Old English family. Both his parents were Catholic. He had two brothers, which are listed in his father's article. His younger brother, Arthur, later became a general in French service.
In 1683 his father succeeded as the 7th Viscount Dillon. In 1688, at the Glorious Revolution, his father raised two regiments of foot for James II, Dillon commanded one of them, the other was commanded by his younger brother, Arthur.
Marriage and childrenEdit
In July 1687 Dillon married Frances Hamilton, second of the three daughters of comte George Hamilton and his wife Frances Jennings and step-daughter of Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, lord deputy of Ireland. These three sisters were known in Ireland as the three viscountesses as they all three married Irish viscounts.
Henry and Frances had at least two children:
- Richard (died 1737), who succeeded as the 9th Viscount
In 1689 Dillon was one of the two members of parliament for County Westmeath in the House of Commons of the Patriot Parliament. In that same year he served as Lord Lieutenant of County Roscommon.
His father, the 7th Viscount, fell in the Battle of Aughrim on 12 July 1691 fighting under Saint-Ruhe against the Williamites under Ginkel. Henry succeeded as the 8th Viscount in the eyes of his Jacobite comrades, but his father had been attainted on 11 May 1691 and in the eyes of the victorious Williamites there was no title or estate for him to succeed to.
Lord Dillon, as he was now, was governor of Galway for the Jacobites. Ginkel quickly marched down upon him from Aughrim and invested the town on 18 July. Dillon surrendered on the 26th on terms and marched out with his troops to Limerick. The Williamites laid siege to Limerick in August 1690. During a shelling of the town Dillon's mother Mary lost her life. The siege was lifted at the end of the month but a second siege followed in 1691 and lasted until the Williamite war in Ireland ended with the Treaty of Limerick signed on 8 October 1691.
While many of the Jacobites went into exile at the end of the war, an event called the Flight of the Wild Geese, Dillon stayed in Ireland and applied for the reversal of his attainder, which he obtained in 1694 by a judgement of the Court of the King's Bench and was confirmed by the Irish House of Lords in 1697. He, therefore, got back his title and lands.
Death, succession, and timelineEdit
Dillon died on 13 January 1714 in Dublin and was buried at Ballyhaunis in County Mayo. He was succeeded by his son, Richard, the 9th Viscount, who died in 1737, without male issue,[c] and the title passed to his nephew Charles, his brother Arthur's son.
|The accuracy of the given ages depends on that of his birth (estimated) and those of the dated events.|
|0||1665, estimate||Born,[a] probably at his parents' house at Kilmore, County Roscommon.|
|5||1670||Brother Arthur was born.|
|18||1683||Father succeeded as the 7th Viscount.|
|20||1685, 6 Feb||Accession of King James II, succeeding King Charles II|
|22||1687, 8 Jan||Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland|
|22||1687, Jul||Married Frances Hamilton, step-daughter of Tyrconnell.|
|24||1689, 13 Feb||Accession of William and Mary, succeeding King James II|
|24||1689||Sat in the Patriot Parliament.|
|26||1691, 11 May||Father was attainted by the Williamites.|
|26||1691, 12 Jul||Succeeded as the 8th Viscount as his father was slain at the Battle of Aughrim|
|26||1691, 26 Jul||Surrendered Galway to Ginkel.|
|29||1694||Obtained the reversal of his father's attainder.|
|37||1702, 8 Mar||Accession of Queen Anne, succeeding King William III|
|49||1714, 13 Jan||Died in Dublin and was succeeded by his son Richard as the 9th Viscount.[c]|
Notes and referencesEdit
- His birth date is a very rough estimate, based on his marriage date and his brother Arthur's birth.
- This family tree is partly derived from the Dillon family tree pictured in La Tour du Pin. Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.
- The dual year 1713/4 given in (Cokayne 1916) makes it clear that the year given in (Burke & Burke 1915) (i.e. 1713) is strict O.S. and becomes 1714 when it is adjusted for a start of the year on 1 January.
- Lodge (1789), p. 193, line 41. "... he [Theobald] resided chiefly at Kilmore ..."
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 5. "Theobald, 7th Viscount Dillon (refer to Sir Luke Dillon, 2nd son of 1st Viscount), Lt.-Col. in the Guards of James II, raised the famous Dillon regiment in 1688 and was outlawed in 1690."
- Webb 1878, p. 149, line 7. "... [Sir Henry Dillon] came to Ireland in 1185 as secretary to Prince John ..."
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 12. "3. Arthur, b. 1670, went into the French Military Service, 1690, and was Col. proprietor of the Dillon regt."
- Lodge 1789, p. 191, line 7. "... he [the 6th Viscount] died in September or October 1682, at Killenfaghny in Westmeath, the usual mansion-house of the family, and having had no issue by either of his Ladies, the title and estates descended to Theobald Dillon of Kilmore, Esq., the next heir male of the body of Theobald the first Viscount ..."
- D'Alton 1855, p. 584. "He [Theobald] raised two Regiments for King James's service; the one ... commanded by the above Colonel Henry Dillon, his eldest son ... The second Regiment was put under the command of his second son, the Honorable Arthur Dillon ..."
- La Tour du Pin 1913, pp. 14–15. "Note généalogique sur la Maison des Lords Dillon"
- Burke 1869, p. 3, left column, line 19. "Frances [Hamilton], m. to Henry, Viscount Dillon;"
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 46. "... [Henry] m. July 1687, Frances, 2nd dau. of Count Sir George Hamilton, by his wife, Frances Jennings, afterwards Duchess of Tyrconnel;"
- Bagwell 1898, p. 336. "Of her six children by Hamilton, three daughters, Elizabeth, Frances, and Mary, married Viscounts Ross, Dillon and Kingsland and were well known in Ireland as the 'three viscomtesses'."
- Debrett 1828, p. 748, line 24. "... whose only son Richard, 9th viscount, d. [died] without male issue 1737 ..."
- Lodge 1789, p. 194, line 14. "Henry, the eight Viscount Dillon, represented the county of Westmeath in K. James Parliament, held at Dublin 7 May 1689 ..."
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 45. "... [Henry was] Lieutenant Roscommon 1689 ..."
- Boulger 1911, p. 243. "Lord Galway and Lord Dillon (Theobald) were killed."
- Cokayne 1916, p. 359, line 18. "He [Theobald] was attainted 11 May 1691 ..."
- Debrett 1828, p. 748, line 17. "He [the 7th Viscount] served in the army of king James II., and was outlawed 1690 ..."
- Lodge 1789, p. 194, line 17. "... he was soon after appointed Governor of the town of Galway ..."
- Hardiman 1820, p. 161. "... that the town was to be surrendered on the following Sunday the 26th of July ."
- Cokayne 1916, p. 359, line 24. "His [Theobald Dillon's] widow was accidentally killed a few weeks later, 7 Sep. 1691, in Limerick, during the siege, by the explosion of a bomb."
- Ward, Prothero & Leathes 1908, p. 319. "The twelve articles provided the basis for the civil and military treaties of Limerick signed on October 8 ."
- Lodge 1789, p. 195, line 1. "After this period it appears by a rule book of the Court of King's Bench, in Trinity Term (6. Will and Mary) that the outlawry against his father was reversed by the judgement of the said court, and which judgement was duly entered up and enrolled, and also examined by the House of Lords, 2 December 1697, when the Lord Viscount Massereene reported that the said outlawry was reversed."
- Cokayne 1916, p. 359, line 34. "He [Henry] d. in Dublin, 13 and was bur. [buried] 23 Jan 1713/4 at Ballyhawnis, co. Mayo."
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 50. "[Henry] dying 13 Jan. 1713, left issue a son, his successor, Richard, 9th Viscount ..."
- Burke & Burke 1915, p. 646, right column, line 55. "He [9th Viscount] was s. [succeeded] by his cousin, Charles, 10th Viscount Dillon ..."
- Fryde et al. 1986, p. 44, line 46. "James II. ... acc. 6 Feb. 1685 ..."
- Fryde et al. 1986, p. 170, line 10. "1687, 8 Jan. / 12 Feb. / Richard, 1st e. [earl] of Tyrconnell L.D. [Lord Deputy]"
- Fryde et al. 1986, p. 45, line 11. "William III. ... acc. 13 Feb. 1689 ..."
- Cokayne 1916, p. 359, line 18. "He [Theobald Dillon] was attainted 11 May 1691 ..."
- Fryde et al. 1986, p. 45, line 31. "Anne ... acc. 8 Mar. 1702 ..."
- Bagwell, Richard (1898). "Talbot, Richard, Earl and titular Duke of Tyrconnel (1630–1691)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. LV. London: Smith, Elder, & Co. pp. 331–336. OCLC 8544105.
- Boulger, Demetrius Charles (1911). The Battle of the Boyne. London: Martin Secker. OCLC 1041056932.
- Burke, Bernard (1869). A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (31st ed.). London: Harrison. OCLC 1045624502. (for siblings Elizabeth, Thomas, John, Lucia, Margaret and daughters)
- Burke, Bernard; Burke, Ashworth Peter (1915). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, the Privy Council, Knightage and Companionage (77th ed.). London: Harrison. OCLC 1155471554.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1916). Gibbs, Vicary (ed.). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. Vol. IV (2nd ed.). London: St Catherine Press. OCLC 228661424. – Dacre to Dysart (for Dillon)
- D'Alton, John (1855). Illustrations, historical and genealogical, of King James's Irish army list, 1689. Dublin: Published by the author. OCLC 838655763.
- Debrett, John (1828). Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. II (17th ed.). London: F. C. and J. Rivington. OCLC 54499602. – Scotland and Ireland
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology. Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, No. 2 (3rd ed.). London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-106-8. – (for timeline)
- Hardiman, James (1820). History of the town and county of the town of Galway. Dublin: W. Folds & Sons. OCLC 875131724.
- La Tour du Pin, Henriette-Lucy, Marquise de (1913). Journal d'une femme de cinquante ans [Diary of a Woman in her Fifties] (in French). Vol. I (7th ed.). Paris: Librairie Chapelot. OCLC 1047408815.
- Lodge, John (1789). Archdall, Mervyn (ed.). The Peerage of Ireland or, A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. Vol. IV. Dublin: James Moore. OCLC 264906028. – Viscounts (for Dillon)
- Ward, Adolphus William; Prothero, G. W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1908). The Cambridge Modern History. Vol. V. New York: The MacMillan Company. OCLC 63001617. – The Age of Louis XIV
- Webb, Alfred (1878). "Dillon, Theobald, Viscount". Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & Son. p. 149. OCLC 122693688. (for the 1st viscount)