Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle

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Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, KG, PC (24 June 1630 – 26 July 1691), styled Lord Cavendish until 1676, and Viscount Mansfield from 1676, was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.[1]

The 2nd Duke of Newcastle; portrait attributed to Mary Beale.
Frances Pierrepont, Duchess of Newcastle, by Mary Beale

Cavendish was the only son of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle and his first wife, Elizabeth Basset.[1] His maternal grandparents were William Basset and Judith Austen, daughter of Thomas Austen.

After the Restoration of the Monarchy he was appointed Master of the Robes (June 1660–62) and a Gentleman of the Bedchamber (1662–68).

In April 1660, Lord Mansfield was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Derbyshire in the Convention Parliament. He was elected MP for Northumberland in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament.[2]

In 1676 he inherited the title of Duke of Newcastle and the family seat of Welbeck Abbey on the death of his father and was invested a Knight of the Garter in 1677.

He died in 1691, leaving no surviving male heir and thus the dukedom became extinct. Welbeck Abbey and other East Midlands estates passed to his favourite daughter Margaret, who had married John Holles, for whom the dukedom was recreated in 1694. The bequest was unsuccessfully contested by Cavendish's other daughters.[3]


In 1652, Henry married Frances Pierrepont (b. 1 September 1630 in Thoresby, Nottinghamshire, d. 23 September 1695 in London), daughter of The Hon. William Pierrepont (who was the son of Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull), and they had six children:

The department of Manuscripts and Special Collections, The University of Nottingham holds a number of papers relating to the 2nd Duke of Newcastle: the Cavendish Papers (Pw 1), part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection, includes some of his personal papers; and the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) includes estate papers and family settlements from the time of the 2nd Duke.

Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire, in the 17th century


  1. ^ a b "Cavendish, Henry, second duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1630–1691), politician". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/40627. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  2. ^ "CAVENDISH, Henry, Visct. Mansfield (1630-91), of Bolsover, Derbys. and Welbeck Abbey, Notts". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Biography of John Holles, 3rd Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 4th Earl of Clare (1662-1711)". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  4. ^ Collins, Arthur, Peerage of England, Volume 4, London, 1756, p.186]

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Parliament of England
Preceded by
Not represented in the restored Rump
Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: John Ferrers
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Northumberland
With: Sir William Fenwick, Bt
Succeeded by
Court offices
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Master of the Robes
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed
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Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland
jointly with The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1670–1676

Succeeded by
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Northumberland
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire
Succeeded by
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Nottinghamshire
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Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
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Legal offices
Preceded by Justice in Eyre
north of the Trent

Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne