Henry Cadogan, 4th Earl Cadogan

Henry Charles Cadogan, 4th Earl Cadogan PC (15 February 1812 – 8 June 1873), styled Viscount Chelsea between 1820 and 1864, was a British diplomat and Conservative politician. He served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard between 1866 and 1868.

The Earl Cadogan

Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
In office
10 July 1866 – 1 December 1868
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Derby
Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded byThe Earl of Ducie
Succeeded byThe Duke of St Albans
Personal details
Born15 February 1812
South Audley Street, Mayfair, London
Died8 June 1873 (1873-06-09) (aged 61)
Woodrising, Norfolk
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Mary Wellesley
Alma materOriel College, Oxford

Background and educationEdit

Cadogan was born at South Audley Street, Mayfair, London, the second but eldest surviving son of George Cadogan, 3rd Earl Cadogan, by his wife Honoria Louisa Blake, daughter of Joseph Blake. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford.[1]

Diplomatic and political careerEdit

Cadogan initially joined the Diplomatic Service and was an attaché in St Petersburg from 1834 to 1835.[1] In 1841 he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Reading, a seat he held until 1847,[1][2][3] and then represented Dover from 1852 to 1857.[1][3][4] He then returned to the Diplomatic Service and served as Secretary of the Paris Embassy from 1858 to 1859. In 1864 he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords. When the Conservatives came to power under Lord Derby in 1866, Cadogan was sworn of the Privy Council[5] and appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard,[6] a post he held until 1868, the last year under the premiership of Benjamin Disraeli.[7]

Apart from his diplomatic and political careers Lord Cadogan was a Colonel in the Royal Westminster Middlesex Militia.[1]


Lord Cadogan married Mary Sarah Wellesley, daughter of the Honourable Valerian Wellesley, on 13 July 1836 in Durham Cathedral. They had four sons and two daughters. The Countess Cadogan died in February 1873, aged 65. Lord Cadogan only survived her by four months and died at Woodrising, Norfolk, in June 1873, aged 61. His eldest son George succeeded in the earldom.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f thepeerage.com Henry Charles Cadogan, 4th Earl Cadogan
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)
  3. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 113, 250. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
  5. ^ "No. 23136". The London Gazette. 11 July 1866. p. 3981.
  6. ^ "No. 23137". The London Gazette. 13 July 1866. p. 3984.
  7. ^ "No. 23452". The London Gazette. 22 December 1868. p. 6775.

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Fyshe Palmer
Thomas Noon Talfourd
Member of Parliament for Reading
With: Charles Russell
Succeeded by
Francis Piggott
Thomas Noon Talfourd
Preceded by
Edward Royd Rice
Sir George Clerk, Bt
Member of Parliament for Dover
With: Edward Royd Rice
Succeeded by
Ralph Bernal Osborne
Sir William Russell, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Ducie
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
Succeeded by
The Duke of St Albans
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Cadogan
Earl Cadogan
Succeeded by
George Cadogan