Henri Sévérin Béland
Henri Sévérin Béland
|Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Beauce|
|Preceded by||Joseph Poirier|
|Succeeded by||Arthur Godbout|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Joseph Godbout|
|Succeeded by||Édouard Lacroix|
|Senator for Lauzon, Quebec|
|Appointed by||William Lyon Mackenzie King|
|Preceded by||Joseph Bolduc|
|Succeeded by||Eugène Paquet|
|Born||October 11, 1869|
|Died||April 22, 1935 (aged 65)|
|Quebec Liberal Party|
|Cabinet||Postmaster General (1911)|
Minister presiding over the Department of Health (1921–1926)
Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment (1921–1926)
Born in Rivière-du-Loup-en-Haut, Quebec (now Louiseville), the son of Henri Béland and Sophie Lesage, he studied medicine at Université Laval. He practiced medicine in New Hampshire before moving to Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce, Quebec. During World War I, he was a doctor in Belgium and held by the Germans as a prisoner of war for three years.
From 1897 to 1899, he was the mayor of Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce. In 1897, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec as a Liberal in the riding of Beauce. He was acclaimed in 1900. He resigned in 1902 to run federally. In a 1902 by-election, he was acclaimed as a Liberal Member of Parliament in the riding of Beauce. He was re-elected in 1904 and 1908. His seat became vacant from August 9, 1911 when he was appointed Postmaster General in the cabinet of Wilfrid Laurier, a position he occupied until October 9, 1911, and that entitled him to use the title "The Honourable" for the rest of his life. He was defeated in 1911 in the riding of Montmagny and was re-elected in Beauce. He was acclaimed in 1917 and re-elected in 1921. In 1921, he was appointed Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment and Minister presiding over the Department of Health. He was re-elected in a by-election in 1922. He served in William Lyon Mackenzie King's cabinet until 1926.
In 1923, Beland (as federal Minister of Health) announced at a meeting of a committee appointed to review Canada's Opium and Narcotic Drug Act that cannabis would, arbitrarily and without parliamentary debate or process, be added to the federal list of banned substances. As recently as 2002, the Senate has been unable to formally justify Beland's decision.
Henri-Béland Avenue in Montreal is named in his honour.
- Works by Henri Severin Beland at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Henri Sévérin Béland at Internet Archive
- "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.
- Henri Sévérin Béland – Parliament of Canada biography
John Wesley Edwards
| Minister presiding over the Department of Health
John Campbell Elliott