Henny Eman (born 1887)

Jan Hendrik Albert "Henny" Eman (7 August 1887 – 17 October 1957)[1] was an Aruban politician and founder of the Aruban People's Party[2] who led the movement for Aruba's autonomy from Curaçao.[3] His grandson went on to become the first Prime Minister of Aruba.[4]

Henny Eman
Statue of Henny Eman in Oranjestad, next to Parliament
Member of Parliament of the Netherlands Antilles
In office
1954 – 17 October 1957
Member of Parliament of Curaçao
In office
Member of the Island Council of Aruba
In office
Personal details
Jan Hendrik Albert Eman

(1887-08-07)7 August 1887
Died17 October 1957(1957-10-17) (aged 70)
Political partyAruban People's Party

Biography edit

Henny Eman was born on 7 August 1887 in Aruba. In 1921, he became a member of the Aruba Court of Policy.[1] In 1922, he was elected to the Council of State,[5] a governing body which was subservient to the Colonial Council of Curaçao.[6] The number of voters for the Council of State was severely limited: in 1931, Eman was re-elected with 144 votes.[5]

In 1931, Eman was one of the petitioners to the States General of the Netherlands asking for more autonomy for Aruba.[7] In 1937, the Colonial Council of Curaçao was dissolved and replaced by the Parliament of Curaçao, however Curaçao and the Netherlands were still firmly in control. Of the 15 members, 5 were appointed by the Governor, 6 were from Curaçao, 2 from Aruba, 1 from Bonaire and 1 from the SSS islands.[7]

In 1941, Eman was elected to Parliament. He firmly defended the interests of Aruba, and advocated Separación,[5] seceding from Curaçao and Dependencies, but maintaining links to the Netherlands.[7] In 1942, Eman founded the Aruban People's Party (AVP).[2] On 6 December 1942, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands made a speech about the need for reorganization and democratization of the colonies.[6] The speech was intended to keep Indonesia inside the empire, however it was considered revolutionary in Suriname[8] and in Aruba.[6]

Eman advocated for an equal number of representation for Aruba, and participated in the round table conferences about the future of the Kingdom.[7] In 1947, Eman organized a petition to secede from Curaçao and Dependencies and become an autonomous region of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[5] In 1949 both Aruba and Curaçao were given 8 seats.[7]

In 1951, the Aruba Court of Policy was disbanded and replaced by an Island Council[5] who were in charge of the local administration of the island.[7] In 1952, the number of seats for Curaçao was increased to 12 while Aruba remained at 8. In 1954, the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands came into effect making the Netherlands Antilles a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[5] In 1955, the AVP lost the majority seats to the Aruban Patriotic Party (PPA) who advocated a more moderate course.[7]

Eman died on 17 October 1957 at the age of 70. In 1972, a statue was erected on Henny Eman Plaza near the Parliament building of Aruba.[1] During his tenure, Eman enacted projects such as the Oranjestad Harbor, then Princess-Beatrix International Airport and several roads and schools.[1]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Henny Eman". Aruba Esso News via University of Florida (in English and Papiamento). 20 October 1972.
  2. ^ a b Derbyshire (15 April 2016). Encyclopedia of World Political Systems. Routledge. p. 840. ISBN 978-1-317-47156-1.
  3. ^ "Het streven naar Separacion" (in Dutch). Historia di Aruba. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020.
  4. ^ "De lange weg naar baas in eigen huis" (in Dutch). Aruba Dushi Tera. February 2016. p. 16. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "The strive for Separation". Historia di Aruba. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b c Luc Alofs (1990). "Van Separación tot Status Aparte". De Gids (in Dutch). pp. 519–520. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Future Aruba". Caribbean Review. 1985. p. 18. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  8. ^ "Wilhemina preekt de revolutie". Historisch Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). 24 September 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2021.