Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash

On 4 January 2018, a passenger train operated by Shosholoza Meyl collided with a truck at a level crossing at Geneva Station between Hennenman and Kroonstad, in the Free State, South Africa. The train derailed, and seven of the twelve carriages caught fire. Twenty-one people were killed and 254 others were injured.

Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash
Photograph of the type of locomotive hauling the train
A Sheltam locomotive similar to that involved in the crash.
Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash is located in South Africa
Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash
Location of the collision in South Africa
Date4 January 2018
LocationGeneva Station
20 km (12 mi) SW from Kroonstad, Free State
Coordinates27°49′19″S 27°08′04″E / 27.82194°S 27.13444°E / -27.82194; 27.13444Coordinates: 27°49′19″S 27°08′04″E / 27.82194°S 27.13444°E / -27.82194; 27.13444
CountrySouth Africa
LinePort ElizabethJohannesburg
OperatorShosholoza Meyl
Incident typeLevel crossing collision
CauseUnder investigation


At about 09:15 local time (07:15 UTC) on 4 January 2018,[1] a passenger train, operated by Shosholoza Meyl, carrying 429 passengers, was travelling from Port Elizabeth to Johannesburg when it collided with a truck on the Geneva Station level crossing, around 200 kilometres (120 mi) south-west of Johannesburg.[2][3][4][5]

Witnesses stated that the truck failed to stop at the level crossing,[6][7] despite the train driver giving warning by blowing the horn. The truck, along with its two trailers, was dragged for around 400 metres (1,300 ft),[1] and a car being transported on the train[8] was also crushed by the derailed train.

The locomotive hauling the train was Class C30EMP diesel-electric locomotive No. 3018, owned by Sheltam.[9] The locomotive and 12 carriages of the train were derailed;[2] seven carriages caught fire.[10] Overhead electrical wires had snapped during the collision, causing the fire.[11]: 9  The first responders were local farmers and farm workers who rushed to the collision site with fire-fighting equipment and began pulling people out of the burning carriages.[11]: 9  Eyewitness and farmer Willie du Preez, said that the fire began ten minutes after the collision, with the first flames behind the locomotive which spread towards the derailed carriages and trapped passengers.[12]: 2  21 people were killed[13][14] and 254 were injured.[2] At around 20:50 local time, the search and rescue was called off.[15]

The truck driver survived the collision and tried to flee the scene but was arrested[7] and taken to a hospital.[3] Police opened a manslaughter case against the driver.[16] The driver of the truck tested negative for alcohol at a police station.[17]: 1 

Recovery operationEdit

Police spokesperson Brigadier Sam Makhele said he believed all human remains had been recovered from the carriages by the afternoon of 5 January, and that forensic workers believed they had recovered the remains of 19 people.[18]: 3  Heavy recovery equipment was brought in by PRASA Rail, two days after the collision, to remove the debris from the crash site so that the railway line could be repaired and reopened.[18]: 3  On 7 January, the train line was reopened to traffic.[19]


Farmer Willie du Preez said that the road to the level crossing follows the railway line before making a 90-degree turn to the crossing.[18]: 3  He claimed that there is a blind spot which prevents one, for a moment, from seeing on-coming trains as well as potholes in the road that slow vehicles speeds at the crossing.[18]: 3  He stated his belief that the truck's cab and first trailer had crossed and the train struck the second trailer.[18]: 3 

As of 6 January 2018, PRASA had not responded to a question from the Volksblad as to whether the train was speeding, as one passenger claimed he had joined the train when it was two hours late, but that the train had regained an hour at the time of the collision.[18]: 3 


South Africa's Minister of Transport Joe Maswanganyi announced that an investigation would be launched. Maswanganyi also said that "Police are investigating. The truck driver was taking chances... that cost lots of lives."[1][3] The Railway Safety Regulator (RSR) is responsible for investigating railway accidents in South Africa.[20] The owner of the articulated tipper truck, Cordene Trading, expressed the firm's condolences to the victims and their families through the company's lawyer.[11]: 9 

The driver described, when seeing the truck on the crossing, how he tooted the train's horn and applied the brakes with a realisation he and his assistant could do nothing as they were trapped in the cabin.[17]: 1  The driver and his female assistant were both badly bruised and suffered neck and head injuries.[17]: 1 

In a preliminary finding, the RSR's investigation of the train's speed indicates that it was travelling at 78 km/h when it struck the truck on a 90 km/h track.[17]: 1  Only four of the passengers killed in the collision are recognisable but still remain unidentified.[21]: 2  Two of the victim's gender cannot be identified at this time while the other victims are four girls, eight men and five women.[19]: 2  The other 15 will be identified by means of DNA testing, with the results to be made known by 19 February.[21]: 2 

On 26 January 2018, PRASA announced that the DNA testing of the remains were completed and the results would be made known to the relatives of the victims at a gathering at the Virginia Council Chambers, Free State.[22]: 8  PRASA would also be providing government assistance for burials.[22]: 8 

Final reportEdit

The South African Railway Safety Regulator convened a Board of Inquiry to investigate the collision and released a report in October 2018.[23]: 109  The Board concluded that the cause of the crash was the failure of the truck driver to stop as required by the signage.[23]: 109  The crash occurred at 08h58 with the train travelling at 78 km/h at the time of the crash, hitting the second and last trailer of the truck with data indicating the train was not braking prior to the collision and dragged the trailer 140 metres.[23]: 109 

The truck driver had not stopped as obliged, ignoring the advanced warning signs and a stop sign and was not compromised by poor visibility.[23]: 109  On seeing the truck, the train driver had sounded his whistle 400 metres from the impact area but the truck continued to advance across the crossing.[23]: 9, 110  The locomotive and ten of 19 coaches derailed.[23]: 10  After a few minutes the fires started on five coaches.[23]: 10  The fire was caused by the arcing of snapped 3 kV DC electrical cables which failed to switch off or trip after the crash with the heat igniting the exterior and interiors of each coach individually with the fire not spreading to each one.[23]: 110–11  The train crash killed 24 passengers with 240 injuries.[23]: 6 [23]: 46  There was said to be 547 people on-board and the train's capacity was 640 people.[23]: 89 

The locomotive and coaches of the train were deemed to be roadworthy.[23]: 110  Poor window and door design compromised escape from the coaches, with the windows too narrow to escape and the doors too heavy to open and no emergency exits.[23]: 110  The vinyl seats and exterior of the train were not entirely fire resistant.[23]: 110–11  There were inadequate number of fire extinguishers.[23]: 13  The crew had not received safety training for these types of events and passengers received no emergency information prior to travel.[23]: 111  The same level crossing was a scene of a train and truck collision on 26 September 2014.[23]: 16 

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Culbertson, Alix. "14 dead and up to 100 injured in South Africa train crash". Sky News. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Mazuba, Ernest; Cowan, Kyle. "At least 20 dead in horror train crash‚ number expected to rise". Times Live. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Frantic search for survivors after South African passenger train collides with truck, killing at least 18 and injuring hundreds". Agence France-Presse. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018 – via The Daily Telegraph.
  4. ^ "Railway Safety Regulator to release preliminary train crash findings on Monday". Business Day. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Au moins 14 morts dans un accident de train". L'essential (in French). 4 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Sanco slams 'shocking' loss of life in Free State train crash". Letaba Herald. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b "South Africa train crash: Four dead in truck collision". BBC News Online. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  8. ^ "3 children, pregnant woman among those recovering after Kroonstad train crash". News24. 5 January 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2018.
  9. ^ Nagesh, Ashitha (4 January 2018). "At least 12 dead after train crashes into lorry in South Africa". Metro. Associated Newspapers. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Mop-up operations to resume after deadly Kroonstad train crash". eNews Channel Africa. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  11. ^ a b c Cowan, Kyle (7 January 2018). "Screams of the dying haunt rescuers". Sunday Times (South Africa).
  12. ^ van der Walt, Alet (6 January 2018). "Getraumatiseerde werkerskno na treinramp nie slaap". Volksblad (South Africa).
  13. ^ Chabalala, Jeanette (19 January 2018). "Kroonstad crash death toll rises to 21 after burnt bodies of 2 children found in mom's arms during autopsy".
  14. ^ "Train and truck collision death-toll now at 19 #TrainCrash". Cape Times. 7 January 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Kroonstad train crash: Search and Rescue operations halted". News24. 4 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Police open a manslaughter case against driver". Stuff (Fairfax). 6 January 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d du Toit, Elsje; Sonnekus, Simon; Bruwer, Ruan (10 January 2018). "'Net God se genade' – drywer". Volksblad (South Africa).
  18. ^ a b c d e f van der Walt, Alet (6 January 2018). "Boer sê oor blinde kol en vol gate by spooroorgang". Volksblad (South Africa).
  19. ^ a b Bruwer, Ruan (8 January 2018). "Treinramp: Moeilike taak begin vandag om 19 te identifiseer". Volksblad (South Africa).
  20. ^ "Occurrence Investigation". Railway Safety Regulator. Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  21. ^ a b Bruwer, Ruan (13 January 2018). "Geen treinslagoffers nog uitgeken". Volksblad (South Africa).
  22. ^ a b "Train crash: test results out". The Citizen (South Africa). ANA. 27 January 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Geneva Station Level Crossing Collision Board of Inquiry Report" (PDF). Railway Safety Regulator. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 January 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.