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Hendon Central is a London Underground station in North West London on the A41.

Hendon Central London Underground
Hendon Central stn entrance.JPG
Station entrance
Hendon Central is located in Greater London
Hendon Central
Hendon Central
Location of Hendon Central in Greater London
LocationHendon
Local authorityLondon Borough of Barnet
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone3 and 4
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 6.84 million[2]
2014Increase 7.40 million[2]
2015Increase 7.97 million[2]
2016Increase 8.13 million[2]
2017Decrease 7.80 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyCharing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway
Key dates
1923Opened as terminus.
1924Became through station
Listed status
Listing gradeII
Entry number1401082[3]
Added to list20 July 2011
Other information
External links
WGS8451°34′59″N 0°13′34″W / 51.583°N 0.226°W / 51.583; -0.226Coordinates: 51°34′59″N 0°13′34″W / 51.583°N 0.226°W / 51.583; -0.226
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

The station is on the Edgware branch of the Northern line, between Colindale and Brent Cross stations, and is on the boundary between Travelcard Zone 3 and Zone 4. Its postcode is NW4 2TE. It was opened along with Brent Cross (then called Brent) tube station on 19 November 1923 as the first stage of an extension of the Golders Green branch of the Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway. The station served as the terminus of the line's western fork until 18 August 1924 when the second and final section of the extension to Edgware was opened.[4]

HistoryEdit

Hendon Central, like all stations north from Golders Green, is a surface station (although the tracks enter twin tunnels a short distance further north on the way to Colindale). When it was built it stood "in lonely glory amid fields", as one writer puts it, south of the old village of Hendon, which has since been swallowed up by London's suburbs.[5] The station is a Grade II listed building,[6] designed in a neo-Georgian style by Stanley Heaps, who also designed Brent Cross station in a similar style, with a prominent portico featuring a Doric colonnade.[7]

The fact that the area was largely undeveloped allowed a hitherto unusual degree of coordination between the station and the surrounding buildings that were constructed over the next few years. The station was intended to be the centre and a key architectural feature of a new suburban town; it faces a circus 240 feet (73 m) in diameter that is intersected by four approach roads which provide access to all parts of Hendon and the surrounding areas beyond. For many years this was a roundabout known as 'Central Circus'; however it is now a crossroads controlled by traffic signals. Writing in 1932, William Passingham commented the integrated approach taken at Hendon Central as "an outstanding example of the co-ordination of road-planning with passenger station requirements." He noted, only nine years after the station opened, that it had already become the centre of an "ever-widening cluster of new houses" and accurately predicted that it would become "the centre of [a] small township", or what would now be called a suburb.[8]

ConnectionsEdit

London Buses routes 83, 113, 143, 186, 324 and 326 and night route N113 serve the station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Hendon Central Underground Station (1401082)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  4. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
  5. ^ Jackson, Alan Arthur; Croome, Desmond F. (1962). Rails through the clay: a history of London's tube railways. Allen & Unwin. p. 171.
  6. ^ "16 London Underground Stations Listed At Grade II". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ Cherry, Bridget; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1999). London 4: north. Buildings of England, vol. 48. Penguin. p. 161.
  8. ^ Passingham, William (1932). Romance of London's Underground. Sampson Low & Co. p. 66.

GalleryEdit

External linksEdit