Hemipholiota is a genus of agaric fungi in the order Agaricales. It was originally proposed by Rolf Singer in 1962 as a subgenus of Pholiota to contain species with absent or sparse pleurocystidia and absent chrysocystidia.[2] Henri Romagnesi raised it to generic status in 1980, but this naming was invalid as it did not meet the requirements of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants.[3] Marcel Bon published the genus validly in 1986.[4]

2012-10-07 Hemipholiota populnea (Pers.) Bon 269644.jpg
Hemipholiota populnea
Scientific classification
(possibly Hymenogastraceae or Tubarieae)

(Singer) Bon (1986)
Type species
Hemipholiota populnea
(Pers.) Kühner ex Bon (1986)

Hemipholiota heteroclita
Hemipholiota populnea

  • Pholiota subgen. Hemipholiota Singer (1962)
  • Nemecomyces Pilát (1933)[1]

Molecular analyses revealed that Hemipholiota was distinct from Pholiota[5][6] and also from a new genus Hemistropharia[7][8] that had been classified with Hemipholiota. Both genera fall outside of the Strophariaceae. The generic name required conservation against an older obscure name.[8]

The Hemipholiota spore print is brown in its appearance.


  1. ^ Pilát A. (1933). "Nemecomyces g. n. Agaricinearum ochrosporicarum genus novum mongolicum". Annales Mycologici. 31 (1–2): 54–55.
  2. ^ Singer R. (1961). "Diagnoses fungorum novorum Agaricalium II". Sydowia. 15 (1–6): 45–83 (see p. 70).
  3. ^ "Hemipholiota (Singer) Bon". Index Fungorum. CAB International. Retrieved 2014-09-20.
  4. ^ Bon M. (1986). "Novitates. Validations et taxons nouveaux". Documents Mycologiques (in French). 17 (65): 51–56.
  5. ^ Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793.
  6. ^ Gulden GØ, Stensrud K, Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Kauserud H (2005). "Galerina Earle: A polyphyletic genus in the consortium of dark-spored agarics" (PDF). Mycologia. 97 (4): 823–837. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.4.823. PMID 16457352.
  7. ^ Jacobsson S, Larsson E (2007). "Hemistropharia, a new genus in Agaricales". Mycotaxon. 102: 235–240.
  8. ^ a b Jacobsson S, Holec J (2008). "(1810) Proposal to conserve the name Hemipholiota against Nemecomyces (Agaricales, Basidiomycota)". Taxon. 57 (2): 641–642.