Hemicyoninae

  (Redirected from Hemicyonidae)

Hemicyoninae is an extinct subfamily of Ursidae[2][1] often called "dog-bears", literally "half dog" (Greek: ἡμικυων hemi-kyōn), bear-like carnivoran living in Europe, North America, Africa and Asia during the Oligocene through Miocene epochs 33.9–5.3 Ma, existing for approximately 28.6 million years. They are sometimes classified as a separate family.[3]

Hemicyoninae
Temporal range: Early Oligocene to Late Miocene
33.9–5.3 Ma
Hemicyon sansaniensis.JPG
Hemicyon sansaniensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Subfamily: Hemicyoninae
Frick, 1926
Tribes and genera

SystematicsEdit

  • Subfamily †Hemicyoninae (Frick, 1926)
    • Tribe †Cephalogalini (de Bonis, 2013)
      • Adelpharctos (de Bonis, 1971)
        • Adelpharctos ginsburgi (de Bonis, 2011)
        • Adelpharctos mirus (de Bonis, 1971)
      • Cyonarctos (de Bonis, 2013)
        • Cyonarctos dessei (de Bonis, 2013)
      • Phoberogale (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
        • Phoberogale minor (Filhol, 1877)
        • Phoberogale bonali (Helbing, 1928)
        • Phoberogale depereti (Viret, 1929)
        • Phoberogale gracile (Pomel, 1847)
      • Filholictis (de Bonis, 2013)
        • Filholictis filholi (Munier-Chalmas, 1877)
      • Cephalogale (Jourdan, 1862)
        • Cephalogale shareri (Wang, et al., 2009)
        • Cephalogale gergoviensis (Viret, 1929)
        • Cephalogale ginesticus (Kuss, 1962)
        • Cephalogale geoffroyi (Jourdan, 1862)
    • Tribe †Phoberocyonini (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
      • Plithocyon (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Plithocyon armagnacensis (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Plithocyon statzlingii (Frick, 1926)
        • Plithocyon bruneti (Ginsburg, 1980)
        • Plithocyon barstowensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Plithocyon ursinus (Cope, 1875)
      • Phoberocyon (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon hispanicus (Ginsburg & Morales, 1998)
        • Phoberocyon dehmi (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon huerzeleri (Ginsburg, 1955)
        • Phoberocyon aurelianensis (Mayet, 1908)
        • Phoberocyon youngi (Xiang et al., 1986)
        • Phoberocyon johnhenryi (White, 1947)
    • Tribe †Hemicyonini (Frick, 1926)
      • Zaragocyon (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
        • Zaragocyon daamsi (Ginsburg & Morales, 1995)
      • Dinocyon (Jourdan, 1861)
        • Dinocyon aurelianensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Dinocyon sansaniensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Dinocyon thenardi (Jourdan, 1861)
      • Hemicyon (Lartet, 1851)
        • Hemicyon barbouri (Colbert, 1941)
        • Hemicyon teilhardi (Colbert, 1939)
        • Hemicyon grivensis (Frick, 1926)
        • Hemicyon minor (Dépéret, 1887)
        • Hemicyon sansaniensis (Lartet, 1851)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b L. de Bonis (2011). "A new species of Adelpharctos (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) from the late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France)". Estudios Geológicos. 67 (2): 179–186. doi:10.3989/egeol.40553.181.
  2. ^ a b c d e Louis De Bonis (2013). "Ursidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Late Oligocene of the "Phosphorites du Quercy" (France) and a reappraisal of the genus Cephalogale Geoffroy, 1862". Geodiversitas. 35 (4): 787–814. doi:10.5252/g2013n4a4.
  3. ^ McKenna, Malcolm C., and Bell, Susan K. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York, 631 pp. ISBN 0-231-11013-8