Helena Rutherfurd Ely

Helena Rutherfurd Ely (born Helena Rutherfurd: 28 September 1858 – 18 May 1920) was an American author, amateur gardener and founding member of the Garden Club of America whose three books influenced American and British gardeners to avoid Victorian formal gardens in favor of plantings that embodied an "informal and sensual style."[1] She focused on planning her gardens around planting "hardy perennial plants found in the agricultural landscape."[2]

Helena Rutherfurd Ely
HelenaRutherfurdEly.jpg
Born
Helena Rutherfurd

September 28, 1858
DiedMay 18, 1920
Occupationauthor and gardener

BiographyEdit

 
"Arch over rose-walk, covered with Golden Honeysuckle and Clematis paniculata. September fifteenth" from A Woman's Hardy Garden (1903) Photo by C. F. Chandler.

Helena Rutherfurd was born on 28 September 1858.[3] Helena was the one of five children from the marriage of Charlotte Livingston (1825-1894) and John Rutherfurd (1810-1871), a coal and railroad industry executive, and president of the Board of Proprietors for East New Jersey and the New Jersey Historical Society.[4][5][6]

At Meadowburn, Ely created formal and cottage gardens on five acres of the estate's grounds which served as the basis for a series of three books on gardening in which she favored perennials. Her first book, A Woman's Hardy Garden (1903) sold 40,000 copies and was reprinted 16 times before going out of print in 1930.[1][2] The book was widely herald as the most influential practical garden book written by an American woman.[7] She received fan mail and queries from fellow gardeners 20 years after her death.[1] Her books promoted an informal and sensual style, which moved away from the Victorian practice of ''bedding out'' showy annuals in formal gardens;[7] gave permission to individuals to do physical garden work due to her social position; and encouraged women to garden.[8]

In 1904, Ely was one of the founding members of the Garden Club of America and was one of its first vice presidents.[9][7]

Helena Rutherfurd Ely (Fairchild) died on 18 May 1920.[6] She was buried in Warwick Cemetery in Warwick, New York.[10]

Meadowburn FarmEdit

Ely and her husband owned a 350-acre country estate named Meadowburn Farm in Vernon Township, New Jersey. Part of Meadowburn was given to Ely by her mother as a wedding gift in 1881.[7] The remainder, including the main house was purchased by Ely from the DeKay family,[11] a colonial family that had settled in this area in the 1720s and played a prominent role in the New York–New Jersey Line War. The Rutherfurd family owned large tracts throughout Sussex County and was descended from early colonial proprietors.[citation needed] Ely spent half of each year on the farm, experimenting with filling plots with the perennial plants.[7]

In 1930, the property was sold to the Coster family who employed Ely's gardener, Albert Furman, to maintain the property. Under Furman and later his son's guidance, the property retained a great number of Ely's plantings.[7]

On 9 August 1993, Meadowburn Farm was placed on the National Register of Historic Places to recognize Helena Rutherfurd Ely's contributions to gardening.[12][13]

Personal lifeEdit

On 17 June 1880 at Trinity Church, in Newark, New Jersey, she married Alfred Ely II (1852-1914), son of Lucy Cooley and Alfred Brewster Ely, who was an attorney and partner in the New York City law firm Agar, Ely & Fulton.[3][4][6] They had two children: a son Alfred (III) (1884-1959) and daughter Helena (1881-1970).[6]

After her husband's death, Helena married Benjamin T. Fairchild in 1916.[6]

WorksEdit

  • 1903: A Woman's Hardy Garden
  • 1905: Another Hardy Garden Book
  • 1911: The Practical Flower Garden[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Druse, Ken, via The New York Times News Service. "Pioneering gardener's planting style lives on", U-T San Diego, 11 July 2004. Accessed 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b The Cultural Landscape Foundation: Helena Rutherfurd Ely 1858-1920. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Ely" in Bergen, Tunis Garret. Genealogies of the State of New York: A record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation - Long Island Edition. (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1913) III:1221-1222.
  4. ^ a b 'The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (New York: The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1880), XI:159
  5. ^ Swords, Robert S. "Memoir of the Life and Character of John Rutherford, Late President of the New Jersey Historical Society," in Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, Second Series, 2:197-204.
  6. ^ a b c d e Archives: Documents, Manuscripts, Maps, & Photographs - Manuscript Group 484, Rutherfurd-Ely Family. New Jersey Historical Society, Newark, New Jersey. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f meadowburnfarm. "Helena Rutherfurd Ely - Meadowburn Farm". Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  8. ^ Initiative (Project), Historic Landscape (1995). Pioneers of American Landscape Design II: An Annotated Bibliography. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Cultural Resources, Heritage Preservation Services, Historic Landscape Initiative.
  9. ^ Druse, Ken (24 June 2004). "GARDEN NOTEBOOK; Where Victorians Met Their Match". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  10. ^ Dupont, Ron. Warwick Cemetery Archived 18 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Sussex County Historical Society, Newton, New Jersey. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  11. ^ Deed from Henry B. DeKay to Alfred Ely, 1880, Manuscript Group 484 Rutherfurd-Ely Family, New Jersey Historical Society, Newark, New Jersey.
  12. ^ Dupont, Ronald J., Jr. Images of America: Vernon Township, p. 94. (Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2002), ISBN 0738511102. Accessed 11 March 2013.
  13. ^ New Jersey - Sussex County, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed 11 March 2013.
  14. ^ "Review of The Practical Flower Garden by Helena Rutherford Ely". The Athenæum (no. 4362): 632. 3 June 1911.

Further readingEdit

  • Dupont, Ronald J., Jr. "Meadowburn Farm: A Flower of American Gardening History," in The North Jersey Highlander Vol. 30 No. 84 (1994), pp. 23–33.

External linksEdit