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Heinz Kloss (30 October 1904, Halle, Saxony-Anhalt – 13 June 1987) was a German linguist and internationally recognised authority on linguistic minorities.[1]

He coined the terms "Abstandsprache" and "Ausbausprache"[2] to try to describe the differences between what is commonly called a language and what is commonly called a dialect.

Kloss was also responsible for summing up previously publicly available statistical data on the North American Jewish population (without any stated political aim); one copy was found in Hitler's library.[3][4] The book was entitled Statistics, Media, and Organizations of Jewry in the United States and Canada. Hitler's personal copy of the book was obtained by Library and Archives Canada in 2018 and was restored, digitized and made available to the public in 2019.[5] However the text of the book had already been available online from the Deutsche Nationale Bibliothek. [6]

Selected worksEdit

  • —— (1929). Nebensprachen: eine sprachpolitische Studie über die Beziehungen eng Verwandter Sprachgemeinschaften. Wilhelm Braumüller, Universitäts-Verlagsbuchhandlung.
  • —— (1940–1942). Das Volksgruppenrecht in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Essener Verlagsanstalt. (two volumes)
  • —— (1967). Abstand languages and Ausbau languages. Anthropological Linguistics. 9. pp. 29–41. doi:10.1515/9783110860252.278. ISBN 9783110860252.
  • —— (1976). "Abstandsprachen und Ausbausprachen" [Abstand-languages and Ausbau-languages]. In Göschel, Joachim; Nail, Norbert; van der Elst, Gaston (eds.). Zur Theorie des Dialekts: Aufsätze aus 100 Jahren Forschung. Zeitschrift fur Dialektologie and Linguistik, Beihefte, n.F., Heft 16. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner. pp. 301–322. ISBN 978-3-515-02305-4.
  • —— (1977). The American Bilingual Tradition. Newberry House. ISBN 978-0-912066-06-6.


  1. ^ Hutton, pp. 153–154.
  2. ^ Kordić, Snježana (2009). "Plurizentrische Sprachen, Ausbausprachen, Abstandsprachen und die Serbokroatistik" [Pluricentric languages, Ausbau languages, Abstand languages and Serbo-Croatistics]. Zeitschrift für Balkanologie (in German). 45 (2): 210–215. ISSN 0044-2356. OCLC 680567046. SSRN 3439240. CROSBI 436361. ZDB-ID 201058-6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 August 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  3. ^ Statistik, Presse und Organisationen des Judentums in den Vereinigten Staaten und Kanada [Elektronische Ressource] : E. Hdb. / in Zsarbeit mit Edith Pütter
  4. ^ "Hitler book maps 'Final Solution in Canada,' Library and Archives Canada curator says". Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  5. ^ Aiello, Rachel. "Library and Archives spends $6K to acquire Jewish census once owned by Hitler". Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  6. ^ Statistik, Presse und Organisationen des Judentums in den Vereinigten Staaten und Kanada [Elektronische Ressource] : E. Hdb. / in Zsarbeit mit Edith Pütter

Further readingEdit

  • Auburger, Leopold (1988). "In memoriam Heinz Kloss". Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik (in German). 55 (1): 49–56. JSTOR 40503043.
  • Hutton, Christopher (1999). "'A complicated young man with a complicated fate, in a complicated time': Heinz Kloss and the ethnic missionaries of the Third Reich". Linguistics and the Third Reich: Mother-tongue Fascism, Race and the Science of Language. London: Routledge. pp. 144–178. ISBN 978-0-415-18954-5.
  • McConnell, Grant D. (1988). "In Memoriam: Dr. Heinz Kloss". Language in Society. 17 (4): 619. doi:10.1017/s0047404500013221. JSTOR 4167990.
  • Wiley, Terrence G. (2002). "Heinz Kloss revisited: National Socialist ideologue or champion of language-minority rights?". International Journal of the Sociology of Language. 154 (154): 83–97. doi:10.1515/ijsl.2002.014.
  • Wilhelm, Cornelia (2002). "Nazi propaganda and the uses of the past: Heinz Kloss and the making of a German America". Amerikastudien / American Studies. 47 (1): 55–83. JSTOR 41157702.