Heinsberg (district)

Heinsberg is a Kreis (district) in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany with the town of Heinsberg as its capital. Neighbouring districts are Viersen, Neuss, Düren and Aachen, the city of Mönchengladbach and the Dutch province Limburg.

Heinsberg
Flag of Heinsberg
Coat of arms of Heinsberg
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. regionCologne
CapitalHeinsberg
Area
 • Total627.7 km2 (242.4 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2021)[1]
 • Total258,306
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationERK, GK, HS
Websitewww.kreis-heinsberg.de

GeographyEdit

Heinsberg is the most westerly district of Germany, reaching 5°52'E[2] in Selfkant municipality.

Geographically it covers the lowlands of the Lower Rhine Bay.

RiversEdit

  • Rur is the main river, crossing the district from southeast to northwest.
  • Wurm flows into river Rur, in Heinsberg.
  • Schwalm originates near Erkelenz.
  • Niers rises near Kuckum.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

Heinsberg (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaViersen (district)Aachen (district)Düren (district)Rhein-Erft-KreisRhein-Kreis NeussMönchengladbachNetherlandsWegbergHeinsbergÜbach-PalenbergGangeltSelfkantHückelhovenErkelenzGeilenkirchenWassenbergWaldfeucht 
Clickable map of towns and municipalities in the district
Towns Municipalities
  1.   Erkelenz
  2.   Geilenkirchen
  3.   Heinsberg
  4.   Hückelhoven
  5.   Übach-Palenberg
  6.   Wassenberg
  7.   Wegberg
  1.   Gangelt
  2.   Selfkant
  3.   Waldfeucht

HistoryEdit

Development of the districtEdit

The area fell to Prussia in 1815, which in 1816 created the three districts Heinsberg, Erkelenz and Geilenkirchen. In 1932 the districts Heinsberg and Geilenkirchen were merged, and in 1972 Erkelenz district was merged as well. In 1975 the district reached its present size when the municipality Niederkrüchten was moved to the district Viersen.

Prominent role in the Covid-19 pandemicEdit

The district became a center of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. The Robert Koch Institute listed Heinsberg as an especially affected area ("besonders betroffenes Gebiet"). Since the first cases were discovered in this area, the district was around two weeks "ahead" of the rest of Germany. A research group of the University of Bonn started to use the affected area as a testing site to study the novel coronavirus and to search for ways to handle the situation in the best possible way.[3]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms show two lions in the top part, in the left the silver lion of the city and the dukes of Heinsberg, in the right the black lion on yellow ground of the duchy of Jülich. The bottom part derives from the coat of arms of the former district Erkelenz, the fleur-de-lis from the city of Erkelenz represent the Maria-abbey in Aachen, and the blue flax flower in the middle remembers the old tradition of flax and linen trading in Erkelenz.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Westlichster Punkt". Der Selfkant (in German). Retrieved 8 November 2021. 51.051026N 5.866606E
  3. ^ H. Streeck; et al. "Infection fatality rate of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a German community with a super-spreading event". medRxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.05.04.20090076.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kreis Heinsberg at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°00′N 6°10′E / 51.0°N 6.17°E / 51.0; 6.17