Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz

Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz (German: Heinrich XX Fürst Reuß zu Greiz; 29 June 1794 – 8 November 1859) was Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1836 to 1859.

Heinrich XX
Prince Reuss of Greiz
Heinrich XX. Litho.jpg
Lithograph by G. Weinhold, 1841.
Born(1794-06-29)29 June 1794
Offenbach, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt
Died8 November 1859(1859-11-08) (aged 65)
Greiz, Principality of Reuss-Greiz
SpousePrincess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Princess Caroline of Hesse-Homburg
IssueChristiane, Princess Hugo of Schönburg-Waldenburg
Prince Heinrich XXI
Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz
Prince Heinrich XXIII
Marie, Countess Friedrich of Ysenburg and Büdingen in Meerholz
HouseHouse Reuss of Greiz
FatherHeinrich XIII, Prince Reuss of Greiz
MotherPrincess Wilhelmine Louise of Nassau-Weilburg

Early lifeEdit

Heinrich XX was born at Offenbach, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, younger surviving son of Heinrich XIII, Prince Reuss of Greiz (1747–1817), (son of Heinrich XI, Prince Reuss of Greiz and Countess Conradine Reuss of Köstritz) and his wife, Princess Wilhelmine Louise of Nassau-Weilburg (1765–1837), (daughter of Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg and Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau).

Prince Reuss of GreizEdit

 
Prince Heinrich XX in an old coin.

At the death of his elder brother on 31 October 1836, Heinrich XX succeeded as the Prince Reuss of Greiz because of the Salic law that applied in the German principalities, his brother had died with no male heir.

Heinrich XX kept the principality administration based on absolutist principles at least until 1848 when because of the Revolution, was forced to issue a constitution but never came into force. The Prince, however, distinguished himself in military service in favor of the Austrian Empire.

MarriageEdit

Heinrich XX married on 25 November 1834 at Castle Haid in Haid to Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1809–1838), third daughter of Karl, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, and his wife, Countess Sophie Luise of Windisch-Graetz . They had no children.

He married secondly on 1 October 1839 in Homburg vor der Höhe to Princess Caroline Amalie of Hesse-Homburg, eldest daughter of Gustav, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, and his wife, Princess Louise of Anhalt-Dessau.

They had five children:

Titles and stylesEdit

  • 29 June 1794 – 31 October 1836: His Serene Highness Prince Heinrich XX Reuss of Greiz
  • 31 October 1836 – 8 November 1859: His Serene Highness The Prince Reuss of Greiz

AncestryEdit

Notes and sourcesEdit

  • L'Allemagne dynastique, Huberty, Giraud, Magdelaine, Reference: I 333
  • Gehrlein Thomas, The House of Reuss - Older and Younger line Börde Verlag 2006, ISBN 978-3-9810315-3-9
Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz
Cadet branch of the House of Reuss
Born: 29 June 1794 Died: 8 November 1859
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Heinrich XIX
Prince Reuss of Greiz
1836 – 1859
Succeeded by
Heinrich XXII