Heinrich VII, Prince Reuss of Köstritz

Heinrich VII, Prince Reuss of Köstritz (German: Heinrich VII. Reuß zu Köstritz; 14 July 1825, Klipphausen – 2 May 1906, Trzebiechów) was a German diplomat.

Heinrich VII, Prince Reuss of Köstritz
Heinrich VII Reuss.jpg
Born(1825-07-14)14 July 1825
Died2 May 1906(1906-05-02) (aged 80)
Noble familyHouse of Reuss
Spouse(s)Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
FatherHeinrich LXIII, Prince Reuss of Köstritz
MotherCountess Eleonore of Stolberg-Wernigerode


Prince Heinrich VII Reuss was born in 1825 as the fifth child and third son of Prince Heinrich LXIII, Prince Reuss of Köstritz and his first wife, Countess Eleonore of Stolberg-Wernigerode. From 1845 to 1848 he studied law at Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg and Humboldt University of Berlin. He then joined the 8th Lancers Regiment. From 1853, he pursued a diplomatic career.

From 1854 to 1863 he worked as a diplomat (Legationsrat) in the Prussian embassy in Paris. Then he was sent as Prussian royal ambassador to Kassel, and later to Munich. On 5 February 1868 he was posted as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the North German Confederation to the Russian court at St. Petersburg by William I, who was still King of Prussia at that time. On 26 April 1871 he was designated the first ambassador of the German Empire by William, who had been crowned Emperor a few months earlier.

From 1873 to 1876 he served Emperor William I as adjutant general, and was eventually promoted to General of the Cavalry.[1] In 1876 he married Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and became a member of the Prussian House of Lords. In 1877, he was the first imperial ambassador to Constantinople, where he opened the magnificent Embassy building, which he was allowed to set up to his own taste. Just one year later he went as German ambassador to Vienna; this was his last foreign assignment.

In 1894, he retired to his castle in Trzebiechów (German: Trebschen), where he died on 2 May 1906.

Family and issueEdit

On 6 February 1876, Heinrich VII married Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, daughter of Grand Duke Charles Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. From this marriage, he had the following children:

married in 1920 (divorced 1921) Princess Marie Adelaide of Lippe (1895-1993)
married firstly in 1913 (divorced 1922) Princess Victoria Margaret of Prussia (1890-1923)
married secondly in 1929 (divorced 1935) Allene Tew (1876-1955)
married in 1909 Prince Heinrich XXXIV Reuss (1887-1956)
  • Heinrich XXXV (1887–1936)
married firstly in 1911 (divorced 1921) Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (1888-1947)
married secondly in 1921 (divorced 1923) Princess Marie Adelaide of Lippe (1895-1993)


He received the following orders and decorations:[1]



  1. ^ a b Handbuch über den Königlich Preußischen Hof und Staat fur das jahr 1906, p. 42
  2. ^ a b c Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, pp. 24, 933, 1014 – via hathitrust.org
  3. ^ "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (supp.) (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org
  4. ^ Kurfürstlich Hessisches Hof- und Staatshandbuch: 1866. Waisenhaus. 1866. p. 22.
  5. ^ "Königliche Orden", Hof- und – Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern (in German), Munich: Druck and Verlag, 1904, p. 25 – via hathitrust.org
  6. ^ "Ludewigs-orden", Großherzoglich Hessische Ordensliste (in German), Darmstadt: Staatsverlag, 1898, p. 13 – via hathitrust.org
  7. ^ "Ritter-Orden: Königlich-ungarischer St. Stephans-orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1906, p. 56, retrieved 24 March 2021
  8. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 15
  9. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha (1890), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 45
  10. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 29


Preceded by
Otto zu Stolberg-Wernigerode
German ambassador in Austria
Succeeded by
Philipp zu Eulenburg