Hegesistratus (Ancient Greek: Ἡγησίστρατος) is an ancient Greek name. Some people with this name were:

  1. A Greek diviner for Mardonius during the Greco-Persian Wars. Originally an Elean, he had been captured by the Spartans and put in bonds. He escaped by cutting off a piece of his own foot and replaced it with a wooden one; however, he was captured again at Zacynthus and put to death. This story is mentioned in the ninth book (chapter 37) of the Histories written by Herodotus.[1]
  2. An emissary from Samos to the Greeks before the Battle of Mycale.[2]
  3. A despot of Sigeum.[2]
  4. An Ephesian committed a murder in his family, and fled to Delphi; on consulting the oracle what place to settle in, the answer was, that when he should come to a place where he should see the country people dancing with garlands of olive-leaves, he should settle there. He travelled and found what the oracle told him, and there built the city Elaeus.[3]
  5. Democritus was the son of Hegesistratus, though some say of Athenocritus, and others of Damasippus.[4]
  6. The governor of Miletus, during the Siege of Miletus by Alexander the Great.