Hedmark ([ˈhêːdmɑrk] (listen)) was a county in Norway before 1 January 2020, bordering Trøndelag to the north, Oppland to the west, Akershus to the south, and Sweden to the east. The county administration is in Hamar.
|• Governor||Sigbjørn Johnsen |
|• County mayor||Arnfinn Nergård |
|• Total||27,397 km2 (10,578 sq mi)|
|• Land||26,084 km2 (10,071 sq mi)|
|Area rank||#4 in Norway, 8.57% of Norway's land area|
(30 September 2019)
|• Rank||11 (3.72% of country)|
|• Density||7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||4.05 %|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02 (CEST)|
|Official language form||Neutral|
|Income (per capita)||132,200 NOK|
|GDP (per capita)||204,205 NOK (2001)|
|GDP national rank||11 (2.52% of country)|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Hedmark made up the northeastern part of Østlandet, the southeastern part of the country. It had a long border with Sweden to the east (Dalarna County and Värmland County). The largest lakes were Femunden and Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. Parts of Glomma, Norway's longest river, flowed through Hedmark. Geographically,
Hedmark was traditionally divided into: Hedemarken (east of the lake Mjøsa), Østerdalen ("East Valley" north of the town Elverum), and Solør / Glåmdalen (south of Elverum) and Odal in the very south. Hedmark and Oppland were the only Norwegian counties with no coastline. Hedmark also hosted some events of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games.
Hamar, Kongsvinger, Elverum and Tynset were cities in the county. Hedmark was one of the less urbanized areas in Norway; about half of the inhabitants lived on rural land. The population was mainly concentrated in the rich agricultural district adjoining Mjøsa to the southeast. The county's extensive forests supplied much of Norway's timber; at one time, logs were floated down Glomma to the coast but are now transported by truck and train.
Hedmark was originally a part of the large Akershus amt, but in 1757 Oplandenes amt was separated from it. Some years later, in 1781, this was divided into Kristians amt (now Oppland) and Hedemarkens amt. Until 1919, the county was called Hedemarkens amt.
The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, which means moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)
Coat of armsEdit
The coat of arms is from modern times (1987). It shows three barkespader (adzes used to remove bark from timber logs).
Every four years the inhabitants of Hedmark elected 33 representatives to the Hedmark Fylkesting, the Hedmark County Assembly. After the elections of September 2007, the majority of the seats of the assembly were held by a three-party coalition consisting of the Labour Party (14 seats), the Centre Party (5 seats) and the Socialist Left Party (2 seats). Eight parties were represented in the assembly, the remaining 5 being the Progress Party (4 seats), the Conservative Party (4), the Liberal Party (2), the Christian Democratic Party (1) and the Pensioners Party (1). The assembly was headed by the county mayor (Norwegian: Fylkesordfører). From 2007 to 2011, the county mayor was Arnfinn Nergård, representing the Centre Party. In 2003, a parliamentary system was established, which meant that the county assembly elected a political administration or council to hold executive power. This county council reflected the majority of the county assembly and included the three parties holding the majority of the assembly seats, i.e., the Labour Party, the Center Party and the Socialist Left Party. The council was led by Siv Tørudbakken, a member of the Labour Party.
|Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.) |
in Hedmark by country of origin in 2017
- Austmarka (Østmark)
- Drevsjø (Drevsjøhytte)
- Helgøy Kapell
- Os (Dalsbygda)
- Stavsjø (Ballishol)
- Stor Elvdal
- Sør Osen
- Vallset (Tomter)
- Ytre Rendal
- Øvre Engerdal
- Øvre Rendal
- Odalen Branch (LDS, 1857-1873)
- Trysil Frimenighet, (1859-1891)
- Mo (Gardvik)
- Os i Østerdalen
- Sand (Sagstua)
- Projected population - Statistics Norway
- Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
- Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010 Archived 2011-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
- moderniseringsdepartementet, Kommunal- og (7 July 2017). "Regionreform". Regjeringen.no. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- Henriksen, Petter, ed. (2007). "Hedmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- Official homepage Archived 2008-09-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Media related to Hedmark at Wikimedia Commons
- Hedmark travel guide from Wikivoyage