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Hedmark [²heːdmɑrk] (About this sound listen) is a county in Norway, bordering Sør-Trøndelag to the north, Oppland to the west and Akershus to the south. The county administration is in Hamar.

Hedmark fylke
County
Atnsjøen and Rondane in June 2009
Atnsjøen and Rondane in June 2009
Coat of arms of Hedmark fylke
Coat of arms
Hedmark within Norway
Hedmark within Norway
Country Norway
County Hedmark
Region Østlandet
County ID NO-04
Administrative centre Hamar
Government
 • Governor Sigbjørn Johnsen
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (1997-2009–present)
 • County mayor Arnfinn Nergård
  Senterpartiet
  (2007–present)
Area
 • Total 27,397 km2 (10,578 sq mi)
 • Land 26,082 km2 (10,070 sq mi)
Area rank #3 in Norway, 8.57% of Norway's land area
Population (2014)
 • Total 194,236
 • Rank 11 (4.11% of country)
 • Density 7/km2 (20/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 0.5 %
Demonym(s) Hedmarking
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Official language form Neutral
Income (per capita) 132,200 NOK
GDP (per capita) 204,205 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank 11 (2.52% of country)
Website www.hedmark.org
Data from Statistics Norway
Year Pop. ±%
1951 173,167 —    
1961 177,324 +2.4%
1971 179,204 +1.1%
1981 187,223 +4.5%
1991 187,314 +0.0%
2001 187,999 +0.4%
2011 191,622 +1.9%
2021? 204,065 +6.5%
2031? 216,105 +5.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Hedmark[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
89.10%
Islam
0.75%
Buddhism
0.18%
Other
9.97%

Hedmark makes up the northeastern part of Østlandet, the southeastern part of the country. It has a long border with Sweden, Dalarna County and Värmland County. The largest lakes are Femunden and Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. Parts of Glomma, Norway's longest river, flow through Hedmark. Geographically, Hedmark is traditionally divided into: Hedemarken, east of Mjøsa, Østerdalen, north of Elverum, and Glåmdalen, south of Elverum. Hedmark and Oppland are the only Norwegian counties with no coastline. Hedmark also hosted some events of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games.

Hamar, Kongsvinger, Elverum and Tynset are cities in the county. Hedmark is one of the less urbanized areas in Norway; about half of the inhabitants live on rural land. The population is mainly concentrated in the rich agricultural district adjoining Mjøsa to the southeast. The county's extensive forests supply much of Norway's timber; at one time, logs were floated down Glomma to the coast but are now transported by truck and train.

The Hedmark municipality of Engerdal has the distinction of marking the current southernmost border in Norway of Sápmi, the traditional region of the Sami people.

The county is divided into three traditional districts. These are Hedmarken, Østerdalen and Solør (with Odalen and Vinger).

Hedmark was originally a part of the large Akershus amt, but in 1757 Oplandenes amt was separated from it. Some years later, in 1781, this was divided into Kristians amt (now Oppland) and Hedemarkens amt. Until 1919, the county was called Hedemarkens amt.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, which means moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)[4]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times (1987). It shows three barkespader (adzes used to remove bark from timber logs).

PoliticsEdit

Every four years the inhabitants of Hedmark elect 33 representatives to Hedmark Fylkesting, the Hedmark County Assembly. After the elections of September 2007 the majority of the seats of the assembly were held by a three-party coalition consisting of the Labour Party (14 seats), the Centre Party (5 seats) and the Socialist Left Party (2 seats). Eight parties are represented in the assembly, the remaining 5 being the Progress Party (4 seats), the Conservative Party (4), the Liberal Party (2), the Christian Democratic Party (1) and the Pensioners Party (1). The assembly is headed by the county mayor (Norwegian: Fylkesordfører). As of the 2007 elections the county mayor is Arnfinn Nergård. He represents the Centre Party. In 2003 a parliamentary system was established, which means that the county assembly elects a political administration or council to hold executive power. This county council reflects the majority of the county assembly and includes the three parties holding the majority of the assembly seats, i.e., the Labour Party, the Center Party and the Socialist Left Party. The council is led by Siv Tørudbakken, a member of the Labour Party.

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Municipalities of Hedmark
Rank Name Inhabitants Area km²
1   Ringsaker 32,524 1,125
2   Hamar 28,344 339
3   Elverum 19,838 1,221
4   Stange 19,104 642
5   Kongsvinger 17,377 965
6   Sør-Odal 7,791 487
7   Åsnes 7,607 1,015
8   Løten 7,272 363
9   Trysil 6,763 2,957
10   Eidskog 6,327 604
11   Tynset 5,490 1,831
12   Nord-Odal 5,118 476
13   Grue 5,078 787
14   Åmot 4,285 1,306
15   Våler 3,870 685
16   Stor-Elvdal 2,679 2,144
17   Alvdal 2,441 927
18   Os 2,033 1,013
19   Rendalen 1,998 3,073
20   Tolga 1,671 1,101
21   Folldal 1,669 1,266
22   Engerdal 1,434 1,921
Total   Hedmark 190,709 27,388
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Hedmark by country of origin in 2017
[5]
Nationality Population (2017)
  Poland 2,204
  Sweden 1,421
  Somalia 1,125
  Lithuania 1,119
  Eritrea 948
  Germany 746
  Iraq 721
  Thailand 694
  Afghanistan 620
  Syria 608
  Denmark 605
  Vietnam 572
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 539
  Iran 503
  Netherlands 418
  Russia 418
  Kosovo 416
  Philippines 369

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit