Hechi (Chinese: 河池) is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China, bordering Guizhou to the north. In June 2002 it was upgraded from prefecture status.
河池市 • Hozciz Si
Location of Hechi City jurisdiction in Guangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|County-level divisions||2 district|
5 autonomous counties
|Municipal seat||Jinchengjiang District|
|• Total||33,500 km2 (12,900 sq mi)|
|Elevation||195 m (640 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-GX-12|
|Licence plate prefixes||桂M|
|Literal meaning||river pool|
Geography and climateEdit
Hechi is located in northwestern Guangxi on the southern end of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. The total area is 33,500 km2 (12,900 sq mi), with elevations increasing from southeast to northwest. It is very mountainous with ranges including in the north the Jiuwanda Mountains, in the northwest the Phoenix Mountains, in the east the Fengling Mountains, in the west, the Duyang Mountains, and in the southwest the Green Dragon Mountains. The tallest mountain is "Nameless Peak" with an elevation of 1,693 metres (5,554 ft). Bordering prefecture-level divisions are Liuzhou to the east, Laibin to the southeast, Nanning to the south, and Baise to the southwest in Guangxi and Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou to the north.
Hechi has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is generally overcast. The short and mild winters begin dry but become progressively rainier and cloudier. Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, though the monsoonal rains do not arrive until May. Summer is long, hot, and humid, and is the sunniest season. Autumn is warmer and drier than spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 11.0 °C (51.8 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 20.78 °C (69.4 °F). Annual rainfall averages around 1,471 mm (58 in), over 65% of which falls from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 43% in August, the city receives 1,259 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Hechi (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||28.6
|Average high °C (°F)||14.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||11.0
|Average low °C (°F)||8.6
|Record low °C (°F)||0.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||40.1
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||76||76||77||77||79||78||77||73||72||71||69||75|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
- Bama Yao Autonomous County (巴马瑶族自治县)
- Du'an Yao Autonomous County (都安瑶族自治县)
- Dahua Yao Autonomous County (大化瑶族自治县)
- Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County (罗城仫佬族自治县)
- Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County (环江毛南族自治县)
In 2010 Hechi's population was 3,991,900. 83.89%(2,826,400) of the people belong to the national minority.Ethnic groups include Zhuang, Han, Yao, Mulao, Maonan, Miao, Dong, and Shui. In these ethnic groups, Zhuang population was 2,542,852(63.7%), Yao was 365,910(9.16%).It is home to Guangxi's largest national minority population.
|English Name||Simplified Chinese||Pinyin||Zhuang||Area||Population(2010 )|
|Jinchengjiang District||金城江区||Jīnchéngjiāng Qū||Ginhcwngzgyan Gih||2,340||308,133.01( 73% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Yizhou District||宜州区||Yízhōu Qū||Yizcou Gih||3,869||628,655.86 (74.01% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Nandan County||南丹县||Nándān Xiàn||Namzdan Yen||3,916||291,427.84 (33% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Tian'e County||天峨县||Tiān'é Xiàn||Dienhngoz Yen||3,291||156,615.5 (57% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Fengshan County||凤山县||Fèngshān Xiàn||Fonghsan Yen||1,738||195,716.15 (58% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Donglan County||东兰县||Dōnglán Xiàn||Dunghlanz Yen||2,435||295,521.3 (85% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County||罗城仫佬族自治县||Luóchéng Mùlǎozú Zìzhì Xiàn||Lozcwngz Bouxmohlaujcuz Swci Yen||2,658||369,229.83 (31.7% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County||环江毛南族自治县||Huánjiāng Máonánzú Zìzhì Xiàn||Vanzgyangh Mauznamzcuz Swci Yen||4,558||361,827.23 (69.71% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Bama Yao Autonomous County||巴马瑶族自治县||Bāmǎ Yáozú Zìzhì Xiàn||Bahmax Yauzcuz Swci Yen||1,966||266,722.46 (70.13% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Du'an Yao Autonomous County||都安瑶族自治县||Dū'ān Yáozú Zìzhì Xiàn||Duhnganh Yauzcuz Swci Yen||4,095||702,200 (73.98% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
|Dahua Yao Autonomous County||大化瑶族自治县||Dàhuà Yáozú Zìzhì Xiàn||Ginhsiu Yauzcuz Swci Yen||2,754||446,236.08 (33.23% of the people belong to the Zhuang ethnic group, 2010)|
- These figures are based on the following official statistics:
Hechi is one of Guangxi's most important mineral producers. All of Hechi's counties have large quantities of high quality mineral resources. They include but are not limited to tin, antimony, gold, zinc, indium, copper, iron, silver, manganese, and arsenic. It is a major source of gold for both China and the global market. Limestone and marble are also produced
Due to Hechi's tropical wet climate, water power is also a major resource. Each year, more than 25 km3 (6.0 cu mi) of water flows through Hechi; 13% of all of Guangxi's water. There are more than 630 streams, creeks, and rivers with a combined length of more than 5,130 km (3,190 mi). Hydropwer facilities on these rivers produce more than 10 gigawatts of electricity; half of Guangxi's hydropower energy.
Hechi's climate, weather, and soil make it a major agricultural center. More than 400 types of crops including oranges, pineapple, corn, lotus root, casava, sugarcane, tobacco, vegetables, melons, mulberry, mushrooms and more than 100 different kinds of rice are grown here. Sugarcane is a major crop with more than 220,000 tons of refined sugar produced each year from 360 km2 (140 sq mi) of cane. "Oil" plants such as peanuts, sesame, and grape are also important.
Fruit make up a significant portion of Hechi's agriculture. There are more than 200 kinds of fruit found here. 80% of tropical Asia's fruits are grown in Hechi alone.[clarification needed] 120,000 tons of fruit are grown annually on more than 310 km2 (120 sq mi) of land.
Forest products are another important industry. Hechi has more than 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) of forest. More than 200 species of wild plants can be used in Chinese medicine.
Due to its tropical wet climate, Hechi has an amazing level of biodiversity. There are more than 1800 species of plants, 150 species of trees, 700 species of insects, 50 species of fish, and 60 species of land animals, many of which are rare and protected. Animals such as langurs, pangolins, and wild cats can be found in Hechi's forested mountains.
Hechi had Chen Bomin 陳伯民 as its magistrate.
- Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010, 11 October 2011.(in Chinese)
- 河池市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 2010 Period . Retrieved 2011-12-13.(in Chinese)
- 河池市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 National Population Statistics Materials by County and City - 2010 Period . Retrieved 2011-10-11.(in Chinese)
- 都安社会经济概况/都安统计局 Du'an socio-economic profiles / Du'an Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2011-09-19.(in Chinese)
- Xiaorong Han (7 November 2014). Red God: Wei Baqun and His Peasant Revolution in Southern China, 1894–1932. SUNY Press. pp. 316–. ISBN 978-1-4384-5385-9.
- Official Website(in Chinese)