Open main menu

Hebbronville (/ˈhɛbrənvɪl/ HEB-rən-vil) is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Jim Hogg County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 4,558 at the 2010 census.[4] In 1918, Helen Sewel Harbison became the first woman in Texas to cast a ballot,[citation needed] two years before the implementation of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Hebbronville, Texas
Water tower in Hebbronville
Water tower in Hebbronville
Location of Hebbronville, Texas
Location of Hebbronville, Texas
Jim Hogg Hebbronville.svg
Coordinates: 27°18′41″N 98°40′52″W / 27.31139°N 98.68111°W / 27.31139; -98.68111Coordinates: 27°18′41″N 98°40′52″W / 27.31139°N 98.68111°W / 27.31139; -98.68111
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyJim Hogg
Area
 • Total6.3 sq mi (16.2 km2)
 • Land6.3 sq mi (16.2 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
548 ft (167 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,558
 • Density728/sq mi (281.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
78361
Area code(s)361
FIPS code48-33008[1]
GNIS feature ID1337545[2]
Hebbronville calls itself "The Vaquero Capitol of Texas and the USA."
Scotus College, used for the training of Roman Catholic priests, moved from Mexico to Hebbronville in 1926 to escape religious persecution.
The abandoned Hotel Viggo (built 1915) is located across the highway from the Jim Hogg County Courthouse in Hebbronville.
The rustic Frank's Cafe at 502 E. Galbraith St. in Hebbronville was featured in 2004 in an episode of Bob Phillips's Texas Country Reporter.

The Colegio Altamirano, founded by settlers of Spanish ancestry who wanted their children to learn Spanish culture, was an institution in Hebbronville from 1897 until its closing in 1958.

The community calls itself the "Vaquero Capitol of Texas and the USA."

Contents

GeographyEdit

Hebbronville is located in northern Jim Hogg County at 27°18′41″N 98°40′52″W / 27.31139°N 98.68111°W / 27.31139; -98.68111 (27.311259, -98.680998).[5] It is bordered to the east by Las Lomitas and to the north by Duval County.

Texas State Highway 16 (Smith Avenue) passes through the center of town, leading north 40 miles (64 km) to Freer and southwest 51 miles (82 km) to Zapata. Texas State Highway 359 (Viggie Street) leads northwest 56 miles (90 km) to Laredo and northeast 53 miles (85 km) to Alice, while Texas State Highway 285 leads east 34 miles (55 km) to Falfurrias.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Hebbronville CDP has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.2 km2), all of it land.[4]

ClimateEdit

Hebbronville has a borderline humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa)/hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). Summers are very hot and humid: 152 afternoons each year top 90 °F or 32.2 °C, with 27.6 afternoons reaching 100 °F or 37.8 °C and during the summer of 2009 eleven afternoons topped 110 °F or 43.3 °C.[6] During July and August combined, all but three mornings stay above 68 °F or 20 °C and seven mornings per year stay above 77 °F or 25 °C, with as many as forty mornings staying over this temperature during 1998. The hottest temperature on record has been 118 °F (47.8 °C) on July 9, 2009, and the hottest minimum 88 °F (31.1 °C) on September 30, 2009, followed by 87 °F (30.6 °C) the following day.

During the summer, rain is not common, but when a Gulf of Mexico hurricane moves inland it can be very heavy. From September 11 to 13, 1971, a total of 14.10 inches (358.1 mm) fell over three days from such a system, 14.73 inches (374.1 mm) in four days from September 20 to 23 of 1967, and 6.00 inches (152.4 mm) fell on August 27 and 28, 1909.[6] In contrast, no measurable precipitation fell in Hebbronville from June 10 to September 7 of 1921.

Temperatures decline slowly during the “fall” season, remaining hot through until the end of October, by which time most danger of flooding from a remnant hurricane has passed. The winter months are warm and usually dry, although occasionally an easterly flow will produce substantial rainfall. Three substantial storms in February and March 1923 produced a total of 11.06 inches (280.9 mm), and the ten-day period from December 13 to 22 of 1991 saw 7.13 inches or 181.1 millimetres of rainfall; however, only 1.71 inches or 43.4 millimetres fell between October 1970 and the end of March 1971. Frosts do occasionally occur during the winter – 9.9 mornings fall to or below freezing during an average winter – but measurable snow has fallen in Hebbronville only three times in 112 years – on March 10, 1932, on January 20, 1940 during South Texas’ coolest month on record,[7] and on Christmas Day of 2004 when 5 inches or 0.13 metres fell in a famous “White Christmas”.

Since 1905 the wettest calendar year has been 1995 with 42.75 inches (1,085.8 mm) and the driest 1996 with 11.52 inches (292.6 mm), whilst September 1967 has proved the wettest month with 19.35 inches (491.5 mm). The wettest single day has been September 12, 1971 with 9.40 inches (238.8 mm).

Climate data for Hebbronville, Texas (1971 to 2000; extremes since 1905)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 95
(35)
99
(37)
102
(39)
109
(43)
112
(44)
118
(48)
117
(47)
108
(42)
110
(43)
107
(42)
95
(35)
93
(34)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 68.0
(20.0)
72.5
(22.5)
80.1
(26.7)
85.7
(29.8)
91.0
(32.8)
95.3
(35.2)
97.5
(36.4)
97.7
(36.5)
92.9
(33.8)
85.8
(29.9)
76.9
(24.9)
69.2
(20.7)
84.4
(29.1)
Average low °F (°C) 43.8
(6.6)
47.5
(8.6)
55.1
(12.8)
61.4
(16.3)
68.4
(20.2)
72.4
(22.4)
73.2
(22.9)
72.9
(22.7)
69.6
(20.9)
61.3
(16.3)
52.7
(11.5)
45.3
(7.4)
60.3
(15.7)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
15
(−9)
20
(−7)
33
(1)
47
(8)
53
(12)
61
(16)
60
(16)
48
(9)
26
(−3)
27
(−3)
12
(−11)
12
(−11)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 1.12
(28)
1.40
(36)
1.14
(29)
1.69
(43)
3.33
(85)
3.13
(80)
1.44
(37)
2.28
(58)
3.68
(93)
2.22
(56)
1.22
(31)
1.10
(28)
23.75
(604)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 6.6 5.3 4.2 4.5 5.6 5.4 4.0 4.6 6.2 5.0 4.0 5.4 60.8
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[8]

OriginEdit

Hebbronville is located on land which once formed part of Las Noriecitas, one of the earliest ranches founded in the area.

The town's namesake, James Richard Hebbron, acquired land, in about 1880, from the descendants of the original grantee, Ignacio Benavides. With two others, he bought 18,000 acres (7,300 ha), in what was then Duval County, just above Peña. One of his sons, Arthur Hebbron, came down from California and took charge of running his ranch.

Hebbronville itself was created in 1883, when the Texas-Mexican Railway Company built a railroad through the area. Francisco P. Peña, operator of Peña Station on this route, refused to sell any land to the Texas-Mexican for a townsite. The company then approached J. R. Hebbron, who arranged for the sale of land for the new townsite, near Peñitas. The old train station at Peñitas was then loaded onto a flatcar, moved 1½ miles west and named Hebbronville.

For a time, Hebbronville ranked as the largest cattle-shipping center in the country, and it continues to be a hub of ranching activity.

A photograph of James R. Hebbron hangs in the Jim Hogg County Courthouse at 102 East Tilley Street in Hebbronville. He was born in London, England, but spent most of his adult life in California, mainly around Salinas.

DemographicsEdit

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,498 people, 1,554 households, and 1,165 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 763.4 people per square mile (294.9/km²). There were 1,853 housing units at an average density of 314.5 per square mile (121.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 81.79% White, 0.53% African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 14.81% from other races, and 1.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 90.55% of the population.

There were 1,554 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,558, and the median income for a family was $29,358. Males had a median income of $27,042 versus $17,772 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,271. About 25.2% of families and 25.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 32.0% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Hebbronville, as with all of Jim Hogg County, is served by the Jim Hogg County Independent School District.

The district has three schools, all within the town: Hebbronville Elementary School, Hebbronville Junior High School, and Hebbronville High School.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hebbronville CDP, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ a b National Weather Service; NOW Data, Brownsville, TX
  7. ^ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Temperature (˚F) Ranking (low to high): Texas – Division 9: South
  8. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20: 1971-2000" (PDF). National Climatic Data Center. 2004. Retrieved on April 1, 2017.

External linksEdit