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Iranian Heavy Metal is a subset of Iranian rock. The genre originated in Iran in the late 1970s[1] and gained much popularity after the Iranian Revolution. Many heavy metal Subgenres, such as Death metal,[2] are known in Iran thanks to rock and metal festivals in neighboring countries like Georgia.[3][4] Heavy metal has been widely introduced into Iranian music since the Iran-Iraq War.[5] Iranian heavy metal is heavily influenced by American metal (especially in guitar playing).[6] Heavy metal is still banned in Iran, and the ban has become more severe in recent years as heavy metal has become a symbol of underground musicians in Iran.[7][8]

HistoryEdit

Origins: late 1970sEdit

 
The Robles band in 1972

In the 1970s, rock music in Iran grew dramatically[9] and introduced itself to the Iranian people with the following styles: Psychedelic rock[10], acid rock[11] and glam rock[12]. At the same time, the works of American and British bands were also sold in Iran, most popular being Pink Floyd.[13][14] Some rock genres, however, are also unnoticed, including hard rock. The only Iranian hard rock song in the early seventies was "The Past" by the Parviz Maghsadi band.[15] Hard rock wasn't popular in Iran in the early 1970s. But since 1973, Hard Rock has gained popularity in Iran with the release of "The Big Liar" by The Robles.[16] Hard rock has been gaining popularity since the mid-1970s. Works by prominent hard rock bands like Creedence Clearwater Revival[17] and Led Zeppelin[18] were sold in Iran, and young people were drawn to this type of music.[19] Groups like: The Iranian Blast[20], Reopening, and we were five of the hard rock bands that formed during this period.[21] Hard rock music in Iran was recognized and favored by the younger generation, which opened the door for heavy metal to enter Iran.[22] The most successful Iranian rock band at the time was Son Soul Brothers.[23] In 1975 the band went to Canada for a performance, where band leader Mehdi Khashe listened to several Steppenwolf songs such as Born to be wild and was very impressed and decided to make a song of the same style.[24][25][26] The song "Empty your Anger" was created and became the first Iranian proto-metal song.[27] But the victory of the Iranian Revolution did not give Heavy Metal music a chance to grow in Iran.[28]

Iran-Iraq war and underground activity (1980s)Edit

After the 1979 revolution, Iran engaged in an eight-year war with Iraq. At that time, all genres of music except folk music were outlawed, but pop and rock were secretly traded.[29] During this time, some heavy metal fans decided to play this music in Iran. Farshid Arabi pioneered the introduction of heavy metal music to Iran with the establishment of Silent Death Group.[30] However, all of these groups were operating underground. Heavy metal music gained popularity during the war, which later led to the formation of prominent Iranian rock bands.[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "شماره ۱۴۶". مجله هنر موسیقی (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  2. ^ "گروه موسیقی 'ایگلز آو دث متال' بار دیگر در پاریس روی صحنه رفت". BBC News فارسی (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  3. ^ "بزرگترین فستیوال هوی متال با حاشیه‌های جنجالی". ایران آرت (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  4. ^ "آلبوم جدید گروه هوی متال ایرانی "تارانتیست" با عنوان "رهبرنامه" منتشر شد". صدای آمریکا (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  5. ^ "توهین نکنید!! (با اولین خواننده هوی متال ایران)". سیمرغ (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  6. ^ "توهین نکنید!! (با اولین خواننده هوی متال ایران)". سیمرغ (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  7. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "تهدید گروه‌های موسیقی زیرزمینی توسط پلیس ایران | DW | 19.05.2012". DW.COM (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  8. ^ "موسیقی زیرزمینی و رهایی از ممنوعیت". صدای آمریکا (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  9. ^ "BBC Persian". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  10. ^ Nassiri Far, Habibollah (9786004050371). Immortal songs and songs. p. 270. ISBN 2015 Check |isbn= value: length (help). Check date values in: |year= (help)
  11. ^ "BBCPersian.com". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  12. ^ "Magiran | روزنامه شرق (1394/05/03): گفت وگو با سعید دبیری موزیسین و ترانه سرا: تنها گروه فارسی خوان بودیم". www.magiran.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  13. ^ "BBC Persian". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  14. ^ ""دیوار" پینک فلوید: سرود جوانان ناراضی ایران". رادیو فردا (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  15. ^ etnew. "ندیدی سخته مرگ گل تو گلدون | روزنامه اطلاعات". Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  16. ^ "BBC Persian". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  17. ^ "BBC Persian". www.bbc.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  18. ^ "پلکانی به بهشت ؛ نقد و ترجمه ی ترانه های گروه راک لدزپلین ؛ به ترجمه ی داریوش شرعی". بیدارخوابی فینگان ها (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  19. ^ "‮فرهنگ و هنر‬ - BBC ‮فارسی‬ - 'اسکورپیو' در آپارات‬". www.bbc.co.uk (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  20. ^ Nabavi, Ebrahim (2013). Basement music. ISBN 9781909641020.
  21. ^ "شماره ۱۷۱". مجله هنر موسیقی (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  22. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "جیمی هندریکس؛ نابغه‌ای که با چنگ و دندان گیتار می‌نواخت | DW | 27.11.2012". DW.COM (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  23. ^ "ظهور سایه‌نشین مارتیک از زیر سایه سال‌ها". BBC News فارسی (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  24. ^ بلور, بهزاد (2018-05-14). "گوگوش، 'ستاره هالیوود' در کنسرت بزرگ لس‌آنجلس". Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  25. ^ "تقلید پیچیده یا اصالت ساده؛ سرچشمه‌ راک ایرانی که ستون پاپ طلایی دهه 1350 شد". مجله کادانس (in Persian). 2017-02-12. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  26. ^ مهتابی, توسط: بهرام. "بیوگرافی و زندگی نامهء هنرمند آبادانی: مارتیک". آبادان، شهر خدا (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  27. ^ Kermanizadeh, Mehdi (2009). 110 Year Book Instrumental. ISBN 9786007723562.
  28. ^ "توهین نکنید!! (با اولین خواننده هوی متال ایران)". سیمرغ (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  29. ^ "WSJ.com - Page One Feature". online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  30. ^ "فرشید اعرابی: دیگر نمی‌توانم موسیقی‌های سبک خودمان را گوش کنم". Musicema.com (in Persian). Retrieved 2019-09-02.
  31. ^ "دلیل ممنوع الکاری چهارساله فرشید اعرابی چیست؟". www.iscanews.ir (in Persian). 2015-02-08. Retrieved 2019-09-02.