Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion

The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion (地震調査研究推進本部, Jishin Chōsa Kenkyū Suishin Honbu) is an extraordinary organ of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. It was established in 1995, as a response to the damages caused by the Great Hanshin earthquake, to promote research on earthquakes in order to minimize their potential for destruction.

Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion
Japanese: 地震調査研究推進本部
Go-shichi no kiri crest.svg
Kasumigaeki common gate.jpg
The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion is housed within the Kasumigaseki Common Gate buildings.
Extraordinary organ overview
Formed18 July 1995 (1995-07-18)
JurisdictionCabinet of Japan
Headquarters3-3-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-8959
35°40′18″N 139°44′55″E / 35.6716°N 139.7485°E / 35.6716; 139.7485Coordinates: 35°40′18″N 139°44′55″E / 35.6716°N 139.7485°E / 35.6716; 139.7485
Parent MinistryMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Websitejishin.go.jp

OverviewEdit

The Great Hanshin Earthquake on 17 January 1995 killed 6,434 people and destroyed over 100,000 buildings. The earthquake caused the greatest amount of damage and loss of life in Japan since the end of World War II.[1] It also brought to light a number of problems in the national earthquake disaster prevention measures at the time.[2][3]

Based on these problems, the Special Measure Law on Earthquake Disaster Prevention (地震防災対策特別措置法) was enacted by legislators in July 1995.[4] It was designed to promote a comprehensive national policy on earthquake disaster prevention.[2][5][6]

The law recognized that the national system had failed to sufficiently communicate and apply the results of earthquake research to general public and disaster prevention organizations.[2] As a result, the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion was established in accordance with this law as a special governmental organization attached to the Prime Minister’s Office (it now belongs to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology). It was established in order to clarify the systems of responsibility regarding earthquake research that is directly connected to government policy. It manages this in an integrated fashion with a governmental capacity.[2]

Objectives and rolesEdit

Basic objectiveEdit

To promote research of earthquakes in order to strengthen earthquake disaster prevention measures, especially for the reduction of damages from earthquake.[2]

RolesEdit

  1. Planning of comprehensive and basic policies
  2. Coordination of budgets and other administrative work with related governmental organizations
  3. Establishment of comprehensive survey and observation plans
  4. Collection, arrangement, analyses and comprehensive evaluation of survey results by related governmental organizations, universities, etc.[2]
  5. Publication based on the above evaluations

CompositionEdit

The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion consists of a director (the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) and staff members (such as the vice ministers of related ministries and agencies). Underneath them are the "Policy Committee" and the "Earthquake Research Committee," composed of staff from related government offices and academia.[2]

The "Policy Committee" implements the planning of basic policy concerning the promotion of earthquake research. It also coordinates budgets and other administrative work and deals with matters such as evaluation-based publications.[2]

The "Earthquake Research Committee" holds regular meetings on a monthly basis and classifies and analyzes research and observation results, as well as study outcomes. It does this in order to evaluate seismic activity in a comprehensive manner and to publish evaluation results. In addition, ad hoc meetings are held in response to damaging earthquakes or marked seismic activity. The meeting seeks to assess the current activity and the probability of aftershocks.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "1.地震調査研究推進本部-防災危機管理eカレッジ". www.fdma.go.jp. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "What's New". The Headquarters for Earthquake Research. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ 日本大百科全書(ニッポニカ),デジタル大辞泉. "地震調査研究推進本部とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  4. ^ "気象庁|「阪神・淡路大震災から20年」特設サイト". www.data.jma.go.jp. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  5. ^ "地震調査研究推進本部:文部科学省" [Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology] (in Japanese). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. April 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  6. ^ "地震予知連絡会 50 年のあゆみ 第 3 部 関連する組織のこの 10 年" [50 Years of the Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction Part 3 The Last 10 Years of Related Organizations] (PDF) (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2021.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text available under the CC BY 4.0 license.