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Head Money Cases

The Head Money Cases, 112 U.S. 580 (1884)[1], were the subject of an important United States Supreme Court decision. They were decided on December 8, 1884.

Head Money Cases
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued November 19–20, 1884
Decided December 8, 1884
Full case name Edye and Another v. Robertson, Collector; Cunard Steamship Company v. Robertson; Same v. Same
Citations 112 U.S. 580 (more)
5 S. Ct. 247; 28 L. Ed. 798; 1884 U.S. LEXIS 1909; 3 A.F.T.R. (P-H) 2473
Prior history On writs of error from the Circuit Courts of the Eastern and Southern Districts of New York
Holding
The Court established the precedent that treaties do not hold a privileged position above other acts of Congress, and other laws affecting "its enforcement, modification, or repeal" are legitimate.
Court membership
Chief Justice
Morrison Waite
Associate Justices
Samuel F. Miller · Stephen J. Field
Joseph P. Bradley · John M. Harlan
William B. Woods · T. Stanley Matthews
Horace Gray · Samuel Blatchford
Case opinions
Majority Miller, joined by unanimous
Laws applied
U.S. Const.

The case established the precedent that treaties, which are described in the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution as "the supreme law of the land," along with the Constitution itself as well as Federal legislation made pursuant to the Constitution, do not hold a privileged position above other acts of Congress, and other laws affecting "its enforcement, modification, or repeal" are legitimate.

See alsoEdit

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