HeForShe, often referred to as He for She, is a solidarity movement for the advancement of gender equality, initiated by the United Nations. Grounded in the idea that gender inequality is an issue that affects all people, socially, economically and politically, HeForShe is a global effort that seeks to involve men and boys in achieving equality by taking action against negative gender stereotypes and behaviors.[2] Its logo represents the union of women and men working together to achieve gender equality, by joining together aspects of both the female and male symbols.[3]

Formation20 September 2014 (2014-09-20)
FounderUN Women
Key people
Parent organisation
UN Women

Since its launch at the United Nations, on 20 September 2014, by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and UN Women Global Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson, millions of men from around the world including Heads of State, CEOs, and global luminaries have committed to gender equality. On the HeForShe website, a geo-locating map records the global engagement of the movement through counting the number of men and women around the world who have taken a pledge for the HeForShe initiative, registering over 2.1 million online commitments worldwide.[4]

When launching the movement in September 2014, Global Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson delivered an address at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City, mainly focusing on the personal and professional motivation for establishing HeForShe.[5] The speech went viral and currently has 3.8 million views on YouTube.[6]

HeForShe points to studies showing that 257 more years will be necessary to close the gender gap,[7] and that 95% of the world's CEOs and heads of states being men[8][9] to illustrate the need for male allyship. They argue the commitment of men with power and privilege can be a major game-changer for gender equality, and hope that the human stories as well as scalable, proven solutions will provide a roadmap to progress and help to shape the robust men's movement for gender equality.[10]

History Edit

A special event was held to kick-start the HeForShe movement on 20 September 2014 at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York City.[11] It was hosted by UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson, whose speech about her call to involve men and boys in promoting gender equality was widely circulated via social media.[12][13] The video of the launch has over 11 million online views and there were 1.1 million #HeForShe tweets by more than 750,000 different users within two weeks. The launch was named by Twitter as a catalytic moment of 2014 and painted the hashtag on its wall in its HQ.[14]

At that event, UN Women made a call to mobilize the first 100,000 men in the movement, a goal successfully reached in just three days. Former United States President Barack Obama,[15] actor Matt Damon, singer Harry Styles,[16] and UN Secretary-General António Guterres[17] are among some of the high-profile males featured on the site. As of July 2020, over 220 000 people have committed online in India, 200 000 in Rwanda, 170 000 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, 150 000 in the US and 130 000 in Mexico.[18]

HeForShe was launched by UN Women's Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka and led by her former Senior Advisor Elizabeth Nyamayaro until 2019. Since then, HeForShe has been led by Edward Wageni, former director of Save The Children International Kenya.[19]

Initiatives Edit

Global Leaders as role models Edit

On 23 January 2015, UN Women launched the HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 initiative to gain further momentum in advancing gender equality and women's empowerment at the 2015 World Economic Forum in Davos.[20] Global leaders serving as the founding champions include former H.E. President Ernest Bai Koroma of Sierra Leone; H.E. Prime Minister Stefan Löfvén of Sweden; Paul Polman, former CEO of Unilever; Rick Goings, former chairman and CEO of Tupperware Brands Corporation.[21]

In 2016, the Thematic Champions initiative was launched to engage further global leaders, who make gender equality an institutional priority by implementing one bold, game-changing commitments to advance and achieve gender equality. As of July 2020, the Thematic Champions included Justin Trudeau, PM from Canada; Jean-Laurent Bonnafé, CEO of BNP Paribas; Bruce Cleaver, CEO from De Beers Group.[22]

As part of these initiatives, HeForShe has been holding an annual summit since 2015, where global HeForShe Champions from both initiatives and other high-profile people present their gender equality solutions to the world.[23]

While the HeForShe 2019 Impact Report found that there is still a wage gap between men and women, business, universities, and other entities that participate in the initiative have contributed to a dynamic shift in gender parity in terms of representation in senior leadership positions.[24]

Parity in Global Leadership Edit

The HeForShe Proven Solution on How to Achieve Parity in Global Leadership was produced as several HeForShe Champions' organisations including Price Waterhouse Coppers, World Bank, McKinsey & Company whom all have increased female representation in their global leadership team, setting out a roadmap for other organizations.

Male Allies Guide Edit

The HeForShe Male Allies Guide for Gender Equality – Tips for Understanding and Managing Your Emotions, was built on a programme pioneered by the Government of Finland, a HeForShe IMPACT Champion, to enlist army conscripts to prevent violence against women.[25][26]

Inspiring Individual and Community Action Edit

Campaigns Edit

To raise awareness on gender equality challenges such as mental load, gender-based violence and discrimination, and to engage men in the conversation, HeForShe holds on a regular basis campaigns on social media alongside the in-person global campaigns. These include What We Share Is More Powerful Than What Divides Us, #MorePowerfulTogether, #YearOfMaleAllyship and #HeForSheAtHome.[27]

#MorePowerfulTogether Edit

Launched in September 2018, the #MorePowerfulTogether campaign invited landmarks around the world, most notably The Empire State Building in New York City, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, and the CN Tower in Toronto, to turn off half their lights to demonstrate the power lost when women are underrepresented from society, economies and communities.[28]

#HeForSheAtHome Edit

As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as gender inequalities, particularly of women in the home, became increasingly apparent when it comes to housework, cleaning and caring for children, the sick or the elderly, HeForShe launched the #HeForSheAtHome campaign to inspire men to help balance the burden in their households. In sharing the stories of positive male role models sharing the work at home from all over the world, #HeForSheAtHome seeks to inspire many more to do their fair share and to reduce women's mental load.[29]

Country-level initiatives Edit

The success of HeForShe can be seen through the Civil Society's numerous and impactful actions worldwide. HeForShe Taverns have been set up throughout South Africa to initiate conversations with men about engaging with women without being abusive in taverns, as they are mostly men-dominated.[30] Further HeForShe Equality Stories include boys and men cycling through rural India to shift positively traditional gender norms,[31] and boys and men redefining masculinity in Jordan.[32] Students engage very much, as a #GetFree tour was organised throughout universities to initiative gender equality ideas in North America, and over 100 HeForShe student clubs are active worldwide.[33] The Civil Society is able to engage via the online HeForShe Action Kit.[34]

HeForShe in Sports Edit

HeForShe has been partnering with numerous organisations to advance gender equality in sports, including the Valencia Club de Fútbol (CF), one of Europe's major football teams[35] and Fenerbahçe Sports Club, one of Turkey's most popular sports club.[36] The HeForShe Champions also engage by raising awareness on gender equality through their own sports events such as the Danone Nations Cup[37] and the BNP Paribas Tennis Open.[38]

HeForShe Alliance Edit

On September 23, 2021, HeForShe announced the launch of the HeForShe Alliance, signifying a new era of commitment to action following the footsteps of the Generation Equality Forum.[39]

New Members

From Business: Bruce Cleaver, CEO, De Beers Group, Yannick Bolloré, Chairman of Vivendi’s Supervisory Board and CEO and Chairman of Havas Group, John A. Zecca, Global Chief Legal & Regulatory Officer, Nasdaq, Bob Sternfels, Global Managing Partner, McKinsey & Company, Bob Moritz, Global Chairman, PwC International Limited and Nick Read, CEO, Vodafone.[39]

From Non-profit: Robert Mardini, Director-General, International Committee of the Red Cross, David Miliband, CEO & President, International Rescue Committee, David Haggerty, President, International Tennis Federation, Kate Robertson & David Jones, Founders, One Young World.[39]

From Academia: Dr. Wayne A. I. Frederick, President, Howard University and Ilian Mihov, Dean, INSEAD.[39]

Criticism Edit

Rhetorical Criticism Edit

The rhetoric around violence and inequality against women, specifically in instances of assault, has many activists claiming that the responsibility is shifted from perpetrator to victim. Watson's speech focuses on the way men can play an active role in advancing political, economic, and social equality of the sexes.[40] Watson's speech was criticized for focusing only on women and ignoring sexist biases against men and reinforce the very inequality it is trying to erase.[41][42] Watson's heavy emphasis on women's dependence on men's support lead to criticisms that HeForShe grants men the leading role in the campaign, reinforcing and perpetuating gender inequality.[42]

Feminist Criticism Edit

Although HeForShe has actively represented LGBTQ+ issues alongside sister campaign United Nations Free & Equal,[43] some have expressed concerns that the name of the movement leaves behind non-binary, transgender, and genderqueer individuals, and reinforcement of the gender binary.[44][45]

Watson was also criticized by other feminists for being privileged, wealthy, and white, yet speaking on behalf of women who do not fit into that category.[46] More criticism by feminists followed after Watson delivered her speech. One criticism, published in The New York Times, was due to the name of the campaign, HeForShe, and Watson asking men to pledge to take action against all forms of violence and discrimination faced by women and girls, yet without elaborating on the problems affecting men and boys.[41] The name of the campaign was also criticized due to the implication that men should not care about feminism because it may improve things for them, but rather, they should care about feminism because it will improve things for women, and that men were being painted as the saviors of women.[47][45]

Response to criticism Edit

In an interview with Elle, Watson responded to the criticisms of other feminists, stating that "It's difficult to hear criticism from people you consider your peers and who you believe are on the same side.".[48] She responded by saying that the term "feminism" has become more associated with "man-hating" than gender equality and further states that gender inequality affects both men and women due to gender stereotypes and that it is a human rights issue. Watson also asserts that the HeforShe campaign will strengthen the feminist cause by involving both women and men around the globe in advocating for gender equality.[42]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Monde, Chiderah (22 September 2014). "Emma Watson embraces feminism, introduces 'HeForShe' campaign in speech at UN meeting". New York Daily News. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  2. ^ Emma Herman (3 October 2014). "Emma Watson's UN gender equality campaign is an invitation to men, too". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  3. ^ Brand New (1 October 2014). "Of Women and Men". Under Consideration. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  4. ^ "HeForShe". HeForShe.org. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Emma Watson Gender equality is your issue too". UN Women.
  6. ^ "Emma Watson at the HeForShe Campaign 2014 - Official UN Video". YouTube. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  7. ^ World Economic Forum (16 December 2019). "Mind the 100 Year gap". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  8. ^ UN Women. "Facts and figures: Leadership and political participation". UN Women.
  9. ^ Emma Hichliffe (18 May 2020). "The number of female CEOs in the Fortune 500 hits an all-time record". Fortune. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  10. ^ HeForShe (2019). "2019 Impact Report" (PDF). HeForShe. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  11. ^ UN Women (22 September 2014). "Press release: UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson calls out to men and boys to join her campaign". UN Women. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  12. ^ Emma Watson (22 September 2014). "Emma Watson: Gender equality is your issue too". UN Women. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  13. ^ Woman's Day (8 December 2014). "Emma Watson opens up about that amazing UN speech". Woman's Day. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
  14. ^ Shorty Awards (April 2015). "UN Women's #HeForShe solidarity movement for gender equality". Shorty Awards.
  15. ^ UN Women (29 February 2020). "Support the HeForShe Campaign!". UN Women. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  16. ^ RTE (27 September 2014). "Harry Styles support Watson's #HeForShe campaign". RTE. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  17. ^ Sophie Edwards (29 November 2017). "Where should the UN's HeForShe campaign go from here". Devex. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  18. ^ HeForShe. "HeForShe". HeForShe. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  19. ^ UN Women (18 June 2019). "Opening remarks by Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Director of UN Women, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka at the 2019 annual session of the UN Women Executive Board in New York". UN Women. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  20. ^ UN Women (23 January 2015). "Press release: UN Women launches HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 Initiative". UN Women. Retrieved 23 January 2015.
  21. ^ HeForShe. "HeForShe Impact". HeForShe. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  22. ^ HeForShe. "HeForShe Impact". HeForShe. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  23. ^ UN Women. "HeForShe Impact Summit". UN Women. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  24. ^ Daily, BELatina (1 October 2019). "Are We On the Brink of Progress Toward Gender Equality?". BELatina.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  25. ^ UN Women (26 September 2018). "Press release: Queen Rania Al-Abdullah, of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Anne Hathaway and actor Winston Duke make global call to action for gender equality at the HeForShe IMPACT Summit". UN Women. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  26. ^ HeForShe. "HeForShe Emerging Solutions for Gender Equality" (PDF). HeForShe. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  27. ^ UN Women (15 April 2020). "HeForShe launches #HeForSheAtHome campaign". UN Women. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  28. ^ Thorbecke, Catherine (25 September 2018). "Why global landmarks are turning off half their lights for gender equality". ABC News. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  29. ^ UN Women (15 April 2020). "HeForShe launches #HeForSheAtHome campaign". UN Women. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  30. ^ Luckhoff, Paula (5 October 2019). "#HeForShe: Tavern owners taking a stand against gender-based violence".
  31. ^ HeForShe. "HeForShe Equality Stories". HeForShe. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  32. ^ HeForShe (17 July 2020). "Wheels of Change". HeForShe.
  33. ^ HeForShe (29 October 2018). "#GetFree Press Release". HeForShe. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  34. ^ HeForShe (15 April 2020). "HeForShe Action Kits". HeForShe. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  35. ^ Caspani, Maria (27 May 2015). "Spanish football club Valencia kicks into U.N. campaign for women's equality". Sports News. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  36. ^ HeForShe. "On International Women's Day, HeForShe and Fenerbahçe Sports Club urges women's empowerment in and through sport". HeForShe. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  37. ^ HeForShe (13 December 2017). "Danone Nations Cup Awareness Facebook Video". HeForShe. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  38. ^ We Are Tennis BNP Paribas. "La journée internationale du droit des femmes à Indian Wells". We Are Tennis BNP Paribas. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  40. ^ Soraya Nadia McDonald (26 October 2021) [2014-09-23]. "Emma Watson: Feminism too often is seen as 'man-hating'". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. ISSN 0190-8286. OCLC 1330888409.[please check these dates]
  41. ^ a b "Sorry, Emma Watson, but HeForShe Is Rotten for Men". Time.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  42. ^ a b c Bajwa, Novpreet (19 January 2015). "The Problems with UN's new campaign He for She: The UN's campaign may reinforce the very inequality…". Medium.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  43. ^ "United Nations Free & Equal". Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  44. ^ xoJANE (26 September 2014). "Sorry Privileged White Ladies, But Emma Watson Isn't A 'Game Changer' For Feminism". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  45. ^ a b Eckhaus, Ester (10 May 2017). "Today's Watered-down Feminism: The Revolution that Ended with 140 Characters". Medium.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  46. ^ Straughan, Karen. "HeForShe: Emma Watson's empty promise that when women's problems are solved, men will be free too". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  47. ^ "We Should be Critical, But Not Dismissive of Emma Watson's UN Campaign". HuffPost.ca. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  48. ^ Bailey, Alyssa (14 February 2017). "Emma Watson on How the Criticism of Her Activism Affected Her". Elle.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.