He-Man and the Masters of the Universe
He-Man and the Masters of the Universe is an American animated television series produced by Filmation based on Mattel's toy line Masters of the Universe. The show, often referred to as simply He-Man, was one of the most popular cartoon shows of the 1980s.
|He-Man and the Masters of the Universe|
He-Man title screen
|Created by||Michael Halperin|
|Based on||Masters of the Universe|
|Voices of||John Erwin|
|Theme music composer||Shuki Levy|
|Opening theme||"Masters of The Universe"|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||2|
|No. of episodes||131 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Lou Scheimer|
|Running time||23 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Filmation Associates |
|Distributor||Group W Productions |
NBCUniversal Television Distribution (on behalf of DreamWorks Classics)
|Original network||First-run syndication (1983–85)|
|Audio format||Mono (early season 1)|
Stereo (mid-late season 1–2)
|Original release||September 5, 1983 –|
November 21, 1985
|Related shows||She-Ra: Princess of Power|
The New Adventures of He-Man
Masters of the Universe vs. The Snake Men
It made its television debut in September 1983 and ran until 1985, consisting of two seasons of 65 episodes each. Reruns continued to air in syndication until 1988, at which point USA Network bought the rights to the series. USA aired He-Man until September 1990.
The series takes place on Eternia, a planet of magic, myth and fantasy. Its lead character is Prince Adam, the young son of Eternia's rulers, King Randor and Queen Marlena. Whenever Prince Adam holds the Sword of Power aloft and proclaims "By the Power of Grayskull!" he is endowed with "fabulous secret powers" and transformed into He-Man, the most powerful man in the universe. Together with his close allies, Battle Cat (who undergoes a similar transformation from being Adam's cowardly pet tiger Cringer), The Sorceress, Teela, Man-At-Arms and Orko, He-Man uses his powers to defend Eternia from the evil forces of Skeletor. Skeletor's main goal is to conquer the mysterious fortress of Castle Grayskull, from which He-Man draws his powers. If successful, Skeletor would have enough power to rule all of Eternia and possibly the entire universe.
The Mattel company released the original He-Man action figure in 1982; the franchise backstory was developed by the Filmation animation studio. On 1 December 1982, Michael Halperin wrote a "series bible". Some time after, both firms pitched the idea to the ABC network, who turned it down. The resulting series, He-Man and the Masters of the Universe, debuted through barter syndication in September 1983,[nb 1] and became the first syndicated show to be based on a toy. By 1984, it was seen on 120 U.S. stations and in more than 30 countries.
Despite the limited animation techniques that were used to produce the series, He-Man was notable for breaking the boundaries of censorship that had severely restricted the narrative scope of children's TV programming in the 1970s. For the first time in years, a cartoon series could feature a muscular superhero who was actually allowed to hit people (although he more typically used wrestling-style moves rather than actually punching enemies), though he still could not use his sword often; more often than not He-Man opted to pick up his opponents and toss them away rather than hit them. The cartoon was controversial in that it was produced in connection with marketing a line of toys; advertising to children was itself controversial during this period. In the United Kingdom, advertising regulations forbade commercials for He-Man toys to accompany the program itself. In similar fashion to other shows at the time, notably G.I. Joe, an attempt to mitigate the negative publicity generated by this controversy was made by including a "life lesson" or "moral of the story" at the end of each episode. This moral was usually directly tied to the action or central theme of that episode.
The show was so successful that it spawned a spin-off series, She-Ra: Princess of Power, following the adventures of He-Man's sister, Princess Adora. Mattel's subsequent attempts to relaunch the He-Man toy line also led to the short-lived sequel series The New Adventures of He-Man in the early 1990s, and an update of the franchise for a contemporary audience in 2002.
It is also noted for featuring early script-writing work from J. Michael Straczynski, later the creator of Babylon 5; Paul Dini and Brynne Stephens, both of whom who would go on to write acclaimed episodes of Batman: The Animated Series; Beast Wars story editor Larry DiTillio; and David Wise, later the head-writer of the TV version of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and The Real Ghostbusters. In 2016 a new episode of He-Man was released.
- John Erwin as He-Man/Prince Adam, Ram Man, Beast Man, Faker, Webstor, Whiplash, Granamyr and others
- Alan Oppenheimer as Battle Cat/Cringer, Man-At-Arms, Skeletor, Mer-Man, Buzz-Off, Roboto and others
- Lou Scheimer (usually credited as Erik Gunden) as Orko, King Randor, Stratos, Man-E-Faces, Mekaneck, Zodac, Fisto, Sy-Klone, Moss Man, Lizard Man, Trap Jaw, Tri-Klops, Kobra Khan, Clawful, Jitsu, Spikor, Two Bad, Modulok and others
- Linda Gary as Teela, Evil-Lyn, Queen Marlena, Sorceress of Castle Grayskull and others
- George DiCenzo as various guest male voices (usually uncredited)
- Erika Scheimer as various guest voices
In 1984, a soundtrack album was released in France and Argentina by CBS Records and reissued on compact disc by XIII Bis in 2012, featuring music from the series and an adaptation of "A Friend in Need" (French release)/"Diamond Ray of Disappearance" (Argentine release); La-La Land Records released a two-disc, limited-edition soundtrack album in 2015, containing the musical content of the 1983 LP and much previously unreleased material.
The Spanish-language version of the show features an actual theme song complete with lyrics unique to this version, with vocals by Chilean singer Memo Aguirre (a.k.a. "Captain Memo") based on Levy and Saban's original musical score.
He-Man and the Masters of the Universe is considered the most successful animated series ever made by Filmation. The show was often criticized by parent groups as a cartoon designed to advertise action figures. In 2009, IGN ranked the series as the 58th greatest animated show of all time in their Top 100 list.
Name in other languagesEdit
- In Basque "He-Man eta Unibertsoko Jaunak"
- In Bosnian "He-Man i Gospodari svemira" ("Хи-Мен и Господари свемира")
- In Catalan "He-Man i els Senyors de l'Univers"
- In Croatian "He-Man i Gospodari svemira"
- In Dutch "He-Man, en de meesters van het Universum"
- In Finnish "He-Man ja Maailmankaikkeuden Valtiaat"
- In French "Musclor et Les Maîtres de l'univers"
- In Galician "He-Man e os Amos do Universo"
- In German
- "He-Man und Masters of the Universe" (TV Version 1992)
- "He-Man und die Meister des Universums" (VHS Version)
- "He-Man – Im Tal der Macht" (TV Version 2002)
- In Greek "Χ-Μαν Οι Κυριάρχοι Του Σύμπαντος"
- In Hungarian Lovag és az univerzum védelmezői.
- In Hebrew "הי-מן ושליטי היקום"
- In Italian "He-Man e i dominatori dell'universo"
- In Macedonian "Hi-Men i Gospodarite na vselenata" ("Хи-Мен и Господарите на вселената")
- In Montenegrin "Hi-Men i Gospodari svemira" ("Хи-Мен и Господари свемира")
- In Polish "He-Man i Władcy Wszechświata"
- In Portuguese
- "He-Man e os Defensores do Universo"
- "He-Man e os Mestres do Universo" (Brazil)
- "He-Man e os Donos do Universo" (Portugal)
- In Romanian "He-Man și maeștrii universului"
- In Russian "Hi-Men i Vlasteliny Vselennoy" ("Хи-Мен и Властелины Вселенной")
- In Serbian "Hi-Men i Gospodari svemira" ("Хи-Мен и Господари свемира")
- In Slovene "He-Man in Gospodarji vesolja"
- In Spanish
- "He-Man y los Amos del Universo" (Latin America)
- "He-Man y los Masters del Universo" (Spain)
- In Turkish "He-Man ve Evrenin Efendileri"
BCI Eclipse LLC (under its Ink & Paint classic animation entertainment label) (under license from Entertainment Rights) released all 130 episodes of the original 1983 series of He-Man and the Masters of the Universe on DVD in Region 1 in 2005/2006, in 4 volume sets. Each episode on BCI Ink & Paint's He-Man and the Masters of the Universe DVD releases were uncut, unedited, fully restored and digitally remastered for optimum audio and video quality and presented in its original broadcast presentation and story continuity order. Each volume contains an extensive array of special features including Documentaries, Character profiles, commentaries, DVD-ROM features, trivia, photo galleries and more. As of 2009, these releases have been discontinued and are out of print as BCI Eclipse ceased operations.
On December 10, 2010, Mill Creek Entertainment announced that they had acquired the rights from Classic Media to re-release the series on DVD in America. They have subsequently re-released the complete first season in one 8-disc set as well as two smaller 20-episode volume releases. The complete second season was released on September 13, 2011. The 2002 series, composed of 4 discs; 960min, was also released in 2010 by Mill Creek Entertainment, and is titled Masters of the Universe: The Complete Series (ASIN B002DQL34G). Commemorating the 30th anniversary Masters of the Universe brand, Mill Creek Entertainment finally released the 30th Anniversary Commemorative Collection of the Masters of the Universe DVD. The 22-disc features all 130 episodes of the 1983 series, 20 fan-favorite episodes of the 1990 series, as well as all 39 episodes of the 2002 series.
|DVD Name||Ep#||Release date|
|The Complete First Season||65||February 15, 2011|
|The Complete Second Season||65||September 13, 2011|
In Region 4, Madman Entertainment released the entire series on DVD in Australia in 4 volume sets (similar to BCI Eclipse releases). These releases have been discontinued and are now out of print. A complete series box set was released by Madman on June 24, 2009, this is still available.
The pilot episode, "Diamond Ray of Disappearance", has a minute or so of footage missing due to the master tapes being damaged. In the original version, after teleporting the King and Queen and Man-At-Arms away to another dimension, Skeletor turns the ray onto Orko, who gets stuck inside a vase which deflects the beam. Orko escapes to warn He-Man. This footage has not been lost; it is still existent on other media in circulation. However, complications over the rights to it prevented it from being inserted back into the DVD release.
- In the practice of barter syndication, production companies give television stations a series for free, in exchange for advertising.
- "He-Man, a Princely Hero, Conquers the Toy Market". December 18, 1984 – via NYTimes.com.
- Solomon, Charles (1986-11-15). "Syndication Threat". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2010-08-23. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
- "How an Obscure Collection of Japanese Action Figures Changed the Way We Play". Wired Magazine. 2007-06-26. Archived from the original on 2009-03-08. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "The Complete Box Set He-Man and the Masters of the Universe - Season 1, Volume 2 Review". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-02. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- Michael Halperin (1 December 1982). "The Masters of the Universe Bible". Mysteries of Greyskull. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
- Engelhardt, Tom (1986). "Children's Television: The Shortcake Strategy". In Gitlin, Todd (ed.). Watching Television: A Pantheon Guide to Popular Culture. Pantheon Books (Random House). pp. 76–77. ISBN 0-394-74651-1.
- "Marketing to Children Raises Big Questions". Los Angeles Times. June 30, 1986.
- Collins, Glenn (1985-12-12). "CONTROVERSY ABOUT TOYS, TV VIOLENCE a". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2010-03-04.
- Diamond, S. J. (1986-06-30). "Marketing to Children Raises Big Questions". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2010-03-04.
- "Video: A He-Man for All Seasons". Time. 1985-01-07. Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
- "Remembering She-Ra and He-Man: Interview with Lou Scheimer". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Owen, Rob (2002-08-16). "On the Tube: Cartoon Network brings He-Man, the Masters back for 20th anniversary". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2010-03-05.
- "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe — Season One, Volume One". IGN. 2008-05-11. Archived from the original on 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2008-06-25.
- Getz, Dana (2016-07-18). "He-Man returns with first episode in 20 years". EW.com. Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "He-Man Music". Cartoonopolis.com. Archived from the original on 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- Joe Marchese. "By the Power of Grayskull: "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe" Soundtrack Comes to CD…Via France!". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2015.
- "HE-MAN AND THE MASTERS OF THE UNIVERSE: LIMITED EDITION (2-CD SET) — LLLCD 1347". Archived from the original on 2015-09-05.
- Andrews, Edmund L. (1991-04-10). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; F.C.C. Adopts Limits on TV Ads Aimed at Children". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
- Solomon, Charles (2002-12-22). "Can't keep He-Man down; Once viewed by children's advocates as toy makers' shill, the cartoon hero is back, minus controversy". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
- Boyer, Peter J. (1985-12-12). "Toy-based tv: effects on children debated". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
- "86, He-man". IGN. 2009-01-23. Archived from the original on 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-24.
- "He-Man And The Masters Of The Universe: Season One - Volume 1 (DVD 1983)". DVD Empire. 2005-07-27. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "He-Man And The Masters Of The Universe: Season One - Volume 2 (DVD 1983)". DVD Empire. 2005-10-31. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "He-Man And The Masters Of The Universe: Season Two - Volume 1 (DVD 1984)". DVD Empire. 2006-04-12. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "He-Man And The Masters Of The Universe: Season Two - Volume 2 (DVD)". DVD Empire. 2006-07-26. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- "Site News - PRESS RELEASE: Navarre Shuts Down BCI, Makers of He-Man, Day Break, Price is Right and other DVDs". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe - Mill Creek Release Date for 8-DVD 'Complete 1st Season'". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 2011-01-06. Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe DVD news: Announcement for He-Man and the Masters of the Universe - The Complete 2nd Season". TVShowsOnDVD.com. 2011-06-30. Archived from the original on 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- Lambert, David (September 19, 2012). "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe - 1983, 1990 and 2002 Shows Together for ' 30th Anniversary' DVDs". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- "Buy He-Man and the Masters of the Universe - Complete Collection (24 Disc Box Set) on DVD-Video from". EzyDVD.com.au. Archived from the original on 2011-04-11. Retrieved 2016-09-17.
- ""Masters of the Universe: Revelation" - Kevin Smith, Netflix Cartoon Series". Bleeding Cool News And Rumors. August 18, 2019.