Hazi Aslanov (Hazi Ahad oglu Aslanov, Azerbaijani: Həzi Aslanov, Russian: Ази Асланов; commonly described as Azi Aslanov and A. A. Aslanov,; January 22, 1910 – January 24, 1945) was an Azerbaijani major-general of the Soviet armoured troops during World War II. Aslanov was one of the youngest ever Soviet generals when he promoted to the rank of major general at the age of 34 years and a month on March 13, 1944. He was awarded the Hero of the Soviet Union title twice. The second Hero title was posthumously awarded on July 12, 1991, by Mikhail Gorbachev, at the constant recommendations by Heydar Aliyev.
Həzi Aslanov, Ази Асла́нов
|Born||January 22, 1910|
Lankaran, Baku Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||January 24, 1945 (aged 35)|
Liepāja District, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union
|Years of service||1929–1945|
In 1929, Aslanov graduated from the Transcaucasian Preparatory Military School in Baku and continued his education at Leningrad Cavalry School, where he passed courses at the Military Academy of Armored Forces.
After graduation, in June 1931 he was appointed commander of a 15th Cavalry Regiment platoon of 3rd Cavalry Division Bessarabia named after Grigory Kotovsky. In June, 1933, he was appointed commander of the separate tank company. In 1937, he joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Aslanov also served as deputy commander for the technical part of company, commander of 2nd Rifle Division and 60th Rifle Divisions, followed by motor transport battalion of the Kiev Military District, where he attained the rank of captain in February 1939.
He served during the 1939 Soviet invasion of Poland and fought in the Karelian Isthmus, then took part in the breaking of the Mannerheim Line during the Winter War. He was promoted to major in November 1940.
Battle of MoscowEdit
In the fierce battles near Shostka, Bakhmach and Pyriatyn, his tank commanders fought to the last tank, while Aslanov personally led his battalion in the attack. In one of these battles, Aslanov received two bullet wounds in his right leg and a severe shrapnel wound to the head, but despite these injuries, he continued to fight. When the battalion lost all of its tanks, he was recalled to the reserve in September 1941. He was also appointed 10th Deputy for the technical units, where he fought in Pyriatyn, Okhtyrka, Bohodukhiv and Kharkiv. The next year, he was appointed to the command of the 55th Tank Regiment.
Battle of StalingradEdit
Later in 1942, he led the 35th Guards Tank Brigade from Stalingrad through Borisovo, Vileyka, and Minsk to Vilnius and Riga, and participated in the battles of Rostov and Taganrog. His brigade liberated the town of Pleshinitsy. Aslanov was famous for his "thrust from flank" technique, which involved launching an attack by heading straight toward the enemy, while other Soviet troops were sent to attack from the sides.
On January 24, 1945, near Priekule in the Liepāja District in Latvia during a reconnaissance, Aslanov was seriously wounded and died five and a half hours later on the battlefield. He was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 1st degree, for his leadership of the Tank Brigade.
Awards and honorsEdit
Aslanov received his first star in 1943 for his performance at Stalingrad. The second was supposed to be given for the crossing of the Berezina river, under the recommendation of General of the Army Ivan Chernyakhovsky, but he received it posthumously, 46 years later, in 1991, after a special appeal by Azerbaijani intelligentsia to Mikhail Gorbachev.
|Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (22 December 1942, 21 June 1991 posthomously)|
|Twice Order of Lenin (22 December 1942, 21 June 1991 posthomously)|
|Thrice Order of the Red Banner (14 November 1943, 31 July 1944, 7 January 1945)|
|Order of Suvorov, 2nd class (22 July 1944)|
|Order of Alexander Nevsky (15 April 1943)|
|Medal "For Courage", 1st class (12 May 1942)|
|Order of the Patriotic War, 1st class (27 January 1945 posthomously)|
|Twice Order of the Red Star (29 June 1942, 3 November 1944)|
|Medal "For the Defence of Stalingrad" (1942)|
|Medal "For the Defence of the Caucasus" (1944)|
A subway station, school, oil tanker and a streets in Baku, Imishli and Volgograd, monument in Vialejka were named after him. The village in Agstafa region carries his name and his house museum functions in Lankaran. A special granite memorial plate was constructed in memory of him on Mamayev Kurgan.
The bust of Hazi Aslanov was unveiled in the settlement of Baku named after him. The Army Ideological and Cultural Center of the Ministry of Defence of Azerbaijan is named after Aslanov.
Granite memorial plate in memory of Hazi Aslanov on Mamayev Kurgan
- Aleksander A. Maslov, David M. Glantz, Fallen Soviet Generals: Soviet General Officers Killed in Battle, 1941-1945, Routledge, 1998, ISBN 978-0-7146-4790-6, p. 251.
- Award sheet for the Order of the Red Star
- “We are heirs of victory” campaign started in Baku Archived 2012-02-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Дважды Герой Советского Союза (in Russian)
- Улицы Волгограда, названные в честь боевых соединений, военначальников и героев Сталинградской битвы (in Russian)
- Герои Великой Отечественной войны (in Russian)
- Люди:Ази Асланов Archived 2009-12-12 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- Michael Parrish, Sacrifice of the Generals: Soviet Senior Officer Losses, 1939-1953, Scarecrow Press, 2004, ISBN 978-0-8108-5009-5, p. 28.
- Герои ВОВ:Асланов Ази Ахад оглы Archived 2010-05-01 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- War and its Legacy: General Aslanov
- Azerbaycaninsesi.com:Həzi Aslanov (in Azerbaijani)
- Аллея славы:Асланов Ази Ахад оглы (in Russian)
- Sea Transport: Palmali Group of Companies Archived 2010-05-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Ази Ахад Асланов (in Russian)
- Travel to Azerbaijan Archived 2009-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Cultural centres in Lankaran Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Виртуальный Мамаев курган Archived 2009-11-19 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
- Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь (Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary). V.1. Moscow: Voenizdat, 1987.
- Золотые Звезды Азербайджана. Баку, 1975.