Hayes and Harlington (UK Parliament constituency)
Hayes and Harlington is a constituency[n 1][n 2] in the west of London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by John McDonnell of the Labour Party, the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer since September 2015.
|Hayes and Harlington|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hayes and Harlington in Greater London.
|Electorate||70,589 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Harlington, Hayes, West Drayton, Yeading, Yiewsley|
|Member of Parliament||John McDonnell (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
The seat, created in 1950, is 1 of 49 won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of 73 covering London. In the period 1983-1997 the seat was Conservative-represented. From 1981 until 1983 the seat was represented, by defection, by a member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) which later merged into the Liberal Democrats. From 1950 until 1983 the seat was won by Labour candidates.
Its London Heathrow Airport component has most of the border with Buckinghamshire and Surrey and its shape is near-square with a north-east square attached: Hayes and Yeading. Harlington is among the lowest-population components of the seat; with Hayes it gives its name to a railway station and with Hayes was the name of an urban district.
1950–1974: The Urban District of Hayes and Harlington.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Belmore, Frogmore, Hayes, South, and Yeading.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Barnhill, Botwell, Charville, Crane, Harlington, Heathrow, Townfield, Wood End, and Yeading.
2010–present: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Barnhill, Botwell, Charville, Heathrow Villages, Pinkwell, Townfield, West Drayton, and Yeading.
The south-west is Heathrow Airport, which is the largest single provider of employment including its many associated businesses, such as retail, international distribution, cargo handling and parking throughout the seat and nearby. Housing is overwhelmingly semi-detached houses and mid-rise apartments. The topography is near-flat and features the M4 motorway, mixed-traction Great Western main line, and the airport itself. Newer housing in the seat adjoins the Grand Union Canal and reduced pollution is expected from less diesel rolling stock on the main line. The seat has an income level of earnings slightly below national and Greater London averages. Among its working-age population, the most dominant occupation sectors are manufacturing, distribution, self-employed trades and light industry.
- Political history since 1997
McDonnell's majority has fluctuated between 25.4% and 41.6% of the votes cast over his runner-up, which in each election has been the Conservative Party's candidate. The 2015 result makes the seat the 56th safest of the party's 232 seats (by majority percentage).
- 2016 EU referendum results
The constituency of Hayes and Harlington is estimated to have voted by a large majority for 'Leave' in the EU referendum, in contrast to the public stance of incumbent MP, John McDonnell, at the time of the referendum.
The seat since its 1950 creation has in most elections been quite heavily Labour-voting in relative terms (as with its predecessor in the post war years). In 1981 its Labour MP, Neville Sandelson, defected to the now Liberal-merged Social Democratic Party.[n 3] Sandelson stood for election for the new party in 1983 which led to a three-way split in the vote which enabled Conservative Terry Dicks to gain the seat in 1983 and retain it in the next two General Elections on marginal majorities. In 1997, the seat swung heavily back to the Labour candidate McDonnell with his +17.5% swing exceeding that nationally (10% average swing). McDonnell's majorities have ranged between 25.4% and 41.6% of the votes cast.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Election||Member||Party||Most notable frontbench role (if any)|
|1953 by-election||Arthur Skeffington||Labour|
|1971 by-election||Neville Sandelson||Labour|
|1997||John McDonnell||Labour||Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (September 2015 to date)|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Bill Newton Dunn||601||1.3||-0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Satnam Kaur Khalsa||888||2.0||−6.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Satnam Kaur Khalsa||3,726||8.7||-1.1|
|National Front||Andy Cripps||566||1.3||N/A|
|English Democrat||Cliff Dixon||464||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Jon Ball||3,174||9.8||+3.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Nahid Boethe||1,958||6.0||-1.4|
|Socialist Alternative||Walter Kennedy||648||2.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Tony Little||3,049||7.4||-2.9|
|National Front||John Hutchins||504||1.2||N/A|
|All Night Party||Daniel Farrow||135||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||17.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Tony Little||4,472||10.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||Sue Slipman||6,641||15.31||-13.7|
|Social Democratic||Neville Sandelson||11,842||29.00||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||G.T. Callow||582||1.38||-1.68|
|National Front||J.S. Fairhurst||1,189||3.06||-3.41|
|Workers Revolutionary||R. Bull||198||0.51||N/A|
|National Front||J.S. Fairhurst||2,721||6.47||N/A|
|Conservative||Andre William Potier||5,348||25.3||-15.98|
|Conservative||Andre William Potier||13,728||41.24||+5.54|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Lionel E. Smith||11,883||35.70||-2.94|
|Conservative||Lionel E. Smith||13,158||38.64||+0.62|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Mannas Joel Rantzen||12,949||35.21||+5.21|
|Liberal||John Walter Frank Lett||3,093||8.27||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- This splinter movement was in part formed from the Labour Party Conference vote, adopted by MPs to oppose the Common Market eight years after the UK joining the European Communities.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "London Borough of Hillingdon: Residents". www.hillingdon.gov.uk.
- "Local statistics: Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Hanretty, Chris (29 June 2016). "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?".
- "Who are the 39 Labour MPs whom the Fabians fear could lose their seats? - Conservative Home".
- "The five London boroughs which bucked the trend and backed Brexit". 24 June 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
- "Hayes & Harlington parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "London Borough of Hillingdon - Hayes and Harlington constituency results 2015". www.hillingdon.gov.uk.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Hayes & Harlington parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "1970 -71 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2015-09-08.
- "1953 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2015-08-13.