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Hayes and Harlington (UK Parliament constituency)

Hayes and Harlington is a constituency[n 1][n 2] in the west of London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by John McDonnell of the Labour Party, the Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer since September 2015.

Hayes and Harlington
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hayes and Harlington in Greater London.
CountyGreater London
Electorate70,589 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsHarlington, Hayes, West Drayton, Yeading, Yiewsley
Current constituency
Created1950
Member of ParliamentJohn McDonnell (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromSouthall
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyLondon

The seat, created in 1950, is 1 of 49 won (held or gained) by a Labour candidate in 2017 from a total of 73 covering London. In the period 1983-1997 the seat was Conservative-represented. From 1981 until 1983 the seat was represented, by defection, by a member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) which later merged into the Liberal Democrats. From 1950 until 1983 the seat was won by Labour candidates.

Its London Heathrow Airport component has most of the border with Buckinghamshire and Surrey and its shape is near-square with a north-east square attached: Hayes and Yeading. Harlington is among the lowest-population components of the seat; with Hayes it gives its name to a railway station and with Hayes was the name of an urban district.

Contents

BoundariesEdit

1950–1974: The Urban District of Hayes and Harlington.

1974–1983: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Belmore, Frogmore, Hayes, South, and Yeading.

1983–2010: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Barnhill, Botwell, Charville, Crane, Harlington, Heathrow, Townfield, Wood End, and Yeading.

2010–present: The London Borough of Hillingdon wards of Barnhill, Botwell, Charville, Heathrow Villages, Pinkwell, Townfield, West Drayton, and Yeading.

Constituency profileEdit

The south-west is Heathrow Airport, which is the largest single provider of employment including its many associated businesses, such as retail, international distribution, cargo handling and parking throughout the seat and nearby.[2] Housing is overwhelmingly semi-detached houses and mid-rise apartments. The topography is near-flat and features the M4 motorway, mixed-traction Great Western main line, and the airport itself. Newer housing in the seat adjoins the Grand Union Canal and reduced pollution is expected from less diesel rolling stock on the main line. The seat has an income level of earnings slightly below national and Greater London averages. Among its working-age population, the most dominant occupation sectors are manufacturing, distribution, self-employed trades and light industry.[3]

Political history since 1997

McDonnell's majority has fluctuated between 25.4% and 41.6% of the votes cast over his runner-up, which in each election has been the Conservative Party's candidate. The 2015 result makes the seat the 56th safest of the party's 232 seats (by majority percentage).[4]

2016 EU referendum results

The constituency of Hayes and Harlington is estimated to have voted by a large majority for 'Leave' in the EU referendum, in contrast to the public stance of incumbent MP, John McDonnell, at the time of the referendum.[5][6][7]

HistoryEdit

The seat since its 1950 creation has in most elections been quite heavily Labour-voting in relative terms (as with its predecessor in the post war years). In 1981 its Labour MP, Neville Sandelson, defected to the now Liberal-merged Social Democratic Party.[n 3] Sandelson stood for election for the new party in 1983 which led to a three-way split in the vote which enabled Conservative Terry Dicks to gain the seat in 1983 and retain it in the next two General Elections on marginal majorities. In 1997, the seat swung heavily back to the Labour candidate McDonnell with his +17.5% swing exceeding that nationally (10% average swing). McDonnell's majorities have ranged between 25.4% and 41.6% of the votes cast.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member[8] Party Most notable frontbench role (if any)
1950 Walter Ayles Labour
1953 by-election Arthur Skeffington Labour
1971 by-election Neville Sandelson Labour
1981 SDP
1983 Terry Dicks Conservative
1997 John McDonnell Labour Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (September 2015 to date)

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Next United Kingdom general election: Hayes and Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Alex Cuncliffe [9]
Brexit Party Elizabeth Babade [10]
General election 2017: Hayes and Harlington[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 31,796 66.5 +6.9
Conservative Greg Smith 13,681 28.6 +3.9
UKIP Cliff Dixon 1,153 2.4 -9.5
Liberal Democrat Bill Newton Dunn 601 1.3 -0.7
Green John Bowman 571 1.2 -0.6
Majority 18,115 37.9 +3.1
Turnout 47,802 65.2 +5.0
Registered electors 73,268
Labour hold Swing +1.5
General election 2015: Hayes and Harlington[13][14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 26,843 59.6 +4.7
Conservative Pearl Lewis 11,143 24.7 −4.7
UKIP Cliff Dixon 5,388 12.0 N/A
Liberal Democrat Satnam Kaur Khalsa 888 2.0 −6.8
Green Alick Munro 794 1.8 +0.9
Majority 15,700 34.8 +9.4
Turnout 45,056 60.2 −0.5
Registered electors 74,874
Labour hold Swing +4.7
General election 2010: Hayes and Harlington[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 23,377 54.8 -3.9
Conservative Scott Seaman-Digby 12,553 29.4 +4.2
Liberal Democrat Satnam Kaur Khalsa 3,726 8.7 -1.1
BNP Chris Forster 1,520 3.6 +1.1
National Front Andy Cripps 566 1.3 N/A
English Democrat Cliff Dixon 464 1.1 N/A
Green Jessica Lee 348 0.8 -0.6
Christian Aneel Shahzad 83 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,824 25.4 -8.1
Turnout 42,637 60.7 +5.4
Registered electors 70,231
Labour hold Swing -4.1

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Hayes and Harlington[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 19,009 58.7 -7.0
Conservative Richard Worrall 8,162 25.2 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Jon Ball 3,174 9.8 +3.8
BNP Tony Hazel 830 2.6 +0.4
UKIP Martin Haley 552 1.7 N/A
Green Brian Outten 442 1.4 N/A
Independent Paul Goddard 220 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,847 33.5 -8.1
Turnout 32,389 56.3 0.0
Registered electors 57,449
Labour hold Swing -4.1
General election 2001: Hayes and Harlington[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 21,279 65.7 +3.7
Conservative Robert McLean 7,813 24.1 -3.1
Liberal Democrat Nahid Boethe 1,958 6.0 -1.4
BNP Gary Birch 705 2.2 N/A
Socialist Alternative Walter Kennedy 648 2.0 N/A
Majority 13,466 41.6 +6.8
Turnout 32,403 56.3 -16.1
Registered electors 57,561
Labour hold Swing +3.4

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Hayes and Harlington[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John McDonnell 25,458 62.0 +17.2
Conservative Andrew Retter 11,167 27.2 -17.7
Liberal Democrat Tony Little 3,049 7.4 -2.9
Referendum Frederick Page 778 1.9 N/A
National Front John Hutchins 504 1.2 N/A
All Night Party Daniel Farrow 135 0.3 N/A
Majority 14,291 34.8 N/A
Turnout 41,091 72.3 -7.4
Registered electors 56,783
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 17.4
General election 1992: Hayes and Harlington[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Terry Dicks 19,489 44.9 -4.30
Labour John McDonnell 19,436 44.8 +9.33
Liberal Democrat Tony Little 4,472 10.3 N/A
Majority 53 0.1 -13.65
Turnout 43,397 79.7 +5.20
Registered electors 54,449
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Hayes and Harlington[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Terry Dicks 21,355 49.2 +8.9
Labour Peter Fagan 15,390 35.47 +5.5
Social Democratic Sue Slipman 6,641 15.31 -13.7
Majority 5,965 13.75 +3.38
Turnout 43,386 74.50 +3.63
Registered electors 58,240
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Hayes & Harlington[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Terry Dicks 16,451 40.29 -0.18
Labour Peter Fagan 12,217 29.92 -18.38
Social Democratic Neville Sandelson 11,842 29.00 N/A
Freedom F. Hill 324 0.79 N/A
Majority 4,234 10.37 N/A
Turnout 40,834 70.87 -4.14
Registered electors 57,620
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neville Sandelson 20,350 48.30 -3.88
Conservative A. Tyrell 17,048 40.47 +12.51
Liberal Hester Smallbone 3,900 9.26 -7.03
National Front G.T. Callow 582 1.38 -1.68
Communist J. Mansfield 249 0.59 N/A
Majority 3,302 7.84 -16.39
Turnout 42,129 75.01 +5.52
Registered electors 56,165
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neville Sandelson 20,291 52.18 -6.53
Conservative Neil Balfour 10,871 27.96 -6.85
Liberal C. Lyon 6,336 16.29 N/A
National Front J.S. Fairhurst 1,189 3.06 -3.41
Workers Revolutionary R. Bull 198 0.51 N/A
Majority 9,420 24.23 +1.14
Turnout 38,885 69.49 -6.32
Registered electors 55,960
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neville Sandelson 24,682 58.71 +1.06
Conservative P.D. Watherston 14,634 34.81 +6.43
National Front J.S. Fairhurst 2,721 6.47 N/A
Majority 10,048 23.09 +6.68
Turnout 42,037 75.81 +8.70
Registered electors 55,451
Labour hold Swing
1971 Hayes and Harlington by-election[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neville Sandelson 15,827 74.7 +17.1
Conservative Andre William Potier 5,348 25.3 -15.98
Majority 10,479 49.4 +32.99
Turnout 21,175 42.3 -24.9
Registered electors 50,766
Labour hold Swing
General election 1970: Hayes and Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 19,192 57.65 -4.56
Conservative Andre William Potier 13,728 41.24 +5.54
Communist Peter Pink 372 1.12 -0.98
Majority 5,464 16.41 -10.10
Turnout 33,292 67.11 -5.58
Registered electors 49,609
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 20,707 62.21 +3.42
Conservative Lionel E. Smith 11,883 35.70 -2.94
Communist Frank Stanley 698 2.10 -0.46
Majority 8,824 26.51 +6.36
Turnout 33,288 72.69 -0.51
Registered electors 45,797
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 20,018 58.79 +9.61
Conservative Lionel E. Smith 13,158 38.64 +0.62
Communist Frank Stanley 873 2.56 +1.14
Majority 6,860 20.15 +8.99
Turnout 34,049 73.20 -7.27
Registered electors 46,512
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 18,301 49.18 -8.54
Conservative Anthony Grant 14,149 38.02 -1.64
Liberal Stanley Gay 4,235 11.38 -1.19
Communist Francis Foster 527 1.42 N/A
Majority 4,152 11.16 -6.9
Turnout 37,212 80.47 +3.91
Registered electors 46,244
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 19,558 57.72 -7.07
Conservative Anthony Courtney 13,440 39.66 +4.45
Communist Francis Foster 886 2.61 N/A
Majority 6,118 18.06 -11.51
Turnout 33,884 76.56 -5.64
Registered electors 44,259
Labour hold Swing
1953 Hayes and Harlington by-election[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Skeffington 12,797 63.93 -0.86
Conservative Anthony Sumption 7,221 36.07 +0.86
Majority 5,576 27.86 -1.71
Turnout 20,018 45.00 -37.20
Registered electors 44,525
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Ayles 23,823 64.79 +4.65
Conservative Mannas Joel Rantzen 12,949 35.21 +5.21
Majority 10,874 29.57 -0.57
Turnout 36,772 82.20 -2.99
Registered electors 44,737
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Hayes & Harlington
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Walter Ayles 22,490 60.14 N/A
Conservative C.C. Vinson 11,218 30.00 N/A
Liberal John Walter Frank Lett 3,093 8.27 N/A
Communist Francis Foster 593 1.59 N/A
Majority 11,272 30.14 N/A
Turnout 37,394 85.19 N/A
Registered electors 43,893
Labour win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ This splinter movement was in part formed from the Labour Party Conference vote, adopted by MPs to oppose the Common Market eight years after the UK joining the European Communities.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "London Borough of Hillingdon: Residents". www.hillingdon.gov.uk.
  3. ^ "Local statistics: Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ Hanretty, Chris (29 June 2016). "The EU referendum: how did Westminster constituencies vote?".
  6. ^ "Who are the 39 Labour MPs whom the Fabians fear could lose their seats? - Conservative Home".
  7. ^ "The five London boroughs which bucked the trend and backed Brexit". 24 June 2016.
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)
  9. ^ https://www.markpack.org.uk/153722/liberal-democrat-parliamentary-candidates/
  10. ^ https://mobile.twitter.com/brexitparty_uk?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor
  11. ^ "Hayes & Harlington parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
  12. ^ http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf
  13. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "London Borough of Hillingdon - Hayes and Harlington constituency results 2015". www.hillingdon.gov.uk.
  15. ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
  16. ^ "Hayes & Harlington parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  24. ^ "1970 -71 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2015-09-08.
  25. ^ "1953 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-10-10. Retrieved 2015-08-13.

External linksEdit