Hayes County, Nebraska

Hayes County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 856.[1] Its county seat is Hayes Center.[2] The county was created in 1877, and was organized in 1884.[3][4][5] It was named for Rutherford B. Hayes, the US President at the time of the county's creation.[6]

Hayes County
Hayes County courthouse in Hayes Center
Hayes County courthouse in Hayes Center
Map of Nebraska highlighting Hayes County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°32′N 101°04′W / 40.53°N 101.06°W / 40.53; -101.06
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded1877 (founded)
February 19, 1884 (organized)
Named forRutherford B. Hayes
SeatHayes Center
Largest villagePalisade
Area
 • Total713 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land713 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.03%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total856
 • Density1.2/sq mi (0.46/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.hayescounty.ne.gov

In the Nebraska license plate system, Hayes County is represented by the prefix 79 (it had the seventy-ninth-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Geography

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The terrain of Hayes County is hilly. The flattened hilltops are largely used for center pivot irrigation. Small creeks and streams drain the upper elevations; the largest is Red Willow Creek, which drains to Hugh Butler Lake just east of the SE corner of Hayes County, in Frontier County.[7] The county has a total area of 713 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 713 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[8]

Major highways

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Adjacent counties

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Demographics

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Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1880119
18903,9533,221.8%
19002,708−31.5%
19103,01111.2%
19203,32710.5%
19303,6038.3%
19402,958−17.9%
19502,404−18.7%
19601,919−20.2%
19701,530−20.3%
19801,356−11.4%
19901,222−9.9%
20001,068−12.6%
2010967−9.5%
2020856−11.5%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010[13]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[14] there were 1,068 people, 430 households, and 312 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (0.77 people/km2). There were 526 housing units at an average density of 0.7 units per square mile (0.27/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.19% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.28% Asian, 1.78% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 2.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 430 households, out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.00% were married couples living together, 2.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

The county population contains 26.60% under the age of 18, 5.50% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,667, and the median income for a family was $31,125. Males had a median income of $19,211 versus $16,806 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,099. About 14.60% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.20% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

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Villages

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Unincorporated community

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Townships

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Hayes County has not been subdivided into townships, unlike most other Nebraska counties.

Former communities

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  • Carrico
  • Eddy
  • Elmer
  • Estel
  • Galena
  • Highland
  • Hope
  • Hudson
  • Marengo
  • Norris
  • Robert
  • Strickland
  • Sullivan
  • Thornburgh
  • White

Politics

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Hayes County voters have traditionally been strongly Republican. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. In 2020 Donald Trump received 92% of the vote, one of the highest margins by far.

United States presidential election results for Hayes County, Nebraska[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 494 92.16% 34 6.34% 8 1.49%
2016 472 91.83% 30 5.84% 12 2.33%
2012 476 88.31% 51 9.46% 12 2.23%
2008 461 83.36% 85 15.37% 7 1.27%
2004 524 87.63% 66 11.04% 8 1.34%
2000 486 85.11% 66 11.56% 19 3.33%
1996 439 77.02% 87 15.26% 44 7.72%
1992 362 55.35% 85 13.00% 207 31.65%
1988 512 75.07% 160 23.46% 10 1.47%
1984 593 85.45% 101 14.55% 0 0.00%
1980 617 84.52% 82 11.23% 31 4.25%
1976 411 59.14% 267 38.42% 17 2.45%
1972 486 79.80% 123 20.20% 0 0.00%
1968 496 71.26% 127 18.25% 73 10.49%
1964 503 58.15% 362 41.85% 0 0.00%
1960 699 71.33% 281 28.67% 0 0.00%
1956 726 70.01% 311 29.99% 0 0.00%
1952 932 80.90% 220 19.10% 0 0.00%
1948 529 55.86% 418 44.14% 0 0.00%
1944 782 66.89% 387 33.11% 0 0.00%
1940 759 55.93% 598 44.07% 0 0.00%
1936 654 44.13% 818 55.20% 10 0.67%
1932 506 33.55% 962 63.79% 40 2.65%
1928 917 65.83% 440 31.59% 36 2.58%
1924 475 42.60% 288 25.83% 352 31.57%
1920 512 66.41% 207 26.85% 52 6.74%
1916 219 33.33% 382 58.14% 56 8.52%
1912 106 17.94% 189 31.98% 296 50.08%
1908 359 52.10% 277 40.20% 53 7.69%
1904 335 62.97% 110 20.68% 87 16.35%
1900 308 49.20% 284 45.37% 34 5.43%

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Hayes County, Nebraska". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 19, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 72. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  4. ^ "Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey Reconnaissance Survey Final Report of Hayes County, Nebraska" (PDF). Nebraska State Historical Society. March 1, 1991. Archived from the original on November 16, 2006. Retrieved December 15, 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. ^ "Hayes County". Nebraska Association of County Officials. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 153.
  7. ^ Hayes County NE Google Maps (accessed 22 January 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ Election Results

40°32′N 101°04′W / 40.53°N 101.06°W / 40.53; -101.06