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Hawaiian Gardens, California

Hawaiian Gardens is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is the smallest city in the county (approximately 1.0 mi²) and was incorporated on April 9, 1964. The population was 14,254 at the 2010 census, down from 14,779 at the 2000 census.

Hawaiian Gardens, California
City
City of Hawaiian Gardens
Official seal of Hawaiian Gardens, California
Seal
Motto: "Our Youth, Our Future"
Location of Hawaiian Gardens in Los Angeles County, California.
Location of Hawaiian Gardens in Los Angeles County, California.
Hawaiian Gardens, California is located in the US
Hawaiian Gardens, California
Hawaiian Gardens, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°49′43″N 118°4′25″W / 33.82861°N 118.07361°W / 33.82861; -118.07361Coordinates: 33°49′43″N 118°4′25″W / 33.82861°N 118.07361°W / 33.82861; -118.07361
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) April 9, 1964[1]
Government
 • Type City Council-Administrator
 • Mayor Hank Trimble[2]
 • Mayor Pro Tem Barry Bruce[2]
 • Council Members[2] Reynaldo Rodriguez
Myra Maravilla
Mariana Rios
Area[3]
 • Total 0.96 sq mi (2.49 km2)
 • Land 0.95 sq mi (2.46 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  1.09%
Elevation 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 14,254
 • Estimate (2016)[5] 14,473
 • Density 15,266.88/sq mi (5,894.12/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90716
Area code(s) 562
FIPS code 06-32506
GNIS feature ID 1652716
Website hgcity.org

The town's unusual name originated in a 1920s refreshment stand that was decorated with palm fronds and bamboo. It was the then-rural area's main landmark for many years, and its name stuck as the small town grew up around it.[citation needed] As one of seven Los Angeles County cities that allow casino gambling, more than $9.2 million (65%) of the city's revenue comes from the Hawaiian Gardens Casino.[6]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Hawaiian Gardens is located at 33°49′43″N 118°4′25″W / 33.82861°N 118.07361°W / 33.82861; -118.07361 (33.828565, -118.073646).[7] It is bounded by the Los Angeles County cities of Long Beach and Lakewood, and by the Orange County city of Cypress.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2). 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) of it (1.09%) is water. Hawaiian Gardens is the smallest city in area in Los Angeles County.

HistoryEdit

There is a history section currently being worked on, to include the demoliton of rows of businesses in the 1980s along Norwalk Blvd for Homebase, and the demolition of Bloomfield School in 1987 for a giant shopping center, and the Casino took out a family based market, a Pic N Save, and lots of historic sites.

In 1927, a fruit stand with palms was opened on the corner of two dirt roads of Carson and Norwalk, and called Hawaiian Gardens. Thus, the name was born. The area was a refugee for people to buy or build a home during the Great Depression as there were no jobs. Many homes lacked basic modern conveniences we take for granted today. In the last 1920s, only Norwalk Blvd was a paved road. For the next 35 years, with the exceptions of Pioneer Blvd, Norwalk Blvd, and Carson, the little town would be all dirt roads. When the city was incorporated in 1964, immediately began the paving of roads. By 1966, all streets south of Carson between Pioneer and Norwalk were paved. By 1968, all streets were paved, and the three major thoroughfares of Norwalk, Pioneer, and Carson were widened that year to current traffic standards.

Historic Structures LostEdit

Van Kampen Dairy Drive-In. 1959 until 2011. Razed for parking lot 2013. SW Corner of Norwalk & 226th St

Bloomfield Elementary School. 1924-1986. Sold for $3,000,000 in lieu of current shopping center at 12100 Carson St.

Homebase Warehouse Store. 1989-2007. Sold and razed for the current The Bingo Club at 21900 Norwalk Blvd.

Historic Section 22100-21700 Norwalk Blvd. Razed in 1989 for Homebase Warehouse Store. This whole east side of Norwalk Blvd had a few cafes, businesses, beauty salons, some industries, that dated back to the 1950s.

Plowboys Market. 1956-1999. Family business owned supermarket with focus on grown foods. Replaced by The Gardens Casino. There were also other businesses replaced, including a Pic N Save.

Hawaiian Gardens City Hall (Original). 12134 Tilbury St. 1964-1979. Bldg Razed 1988 for Gardens Shopping Center.

Hawaiian Gardens Library (Original). 12134 Tilbury St. 1979-1988. Bldg Razed 1988 for Gardens Shopping Center.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1930 88
1940 432 390.9%
1950 1,200 177.8%
1960 2,100 75.0%
1970 9,052 331.0%
1980 10,548 16.5%
1990 13,639 29.3%
2000 14,779 8.4%
2010 14,254 −3.6%
Est. 2016 14,473 [5] 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Hawaiian Gardens had a population of 14,254. The population density was 14,905.0 people per square mile (5,754.9/km²). The racial makeup of Hawaiian Gardens was 6,477 (45.4%) White (7.3% Non-Hispanic White),[10] 546 (3.8%) African American, 178 (1.2%) Native American, 1,513 (10.6%) Asian, 57 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 4,929 (34.6%) from other races, and 554 (3.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,010 persons (77.2%).

The Census reported that 14,238 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 16 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 3,562 households, out of which 1,930 (54.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,819 (51.1%) were married couples living together, 714 (20.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 337 (9.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 217 (6.1%) partnerships, and 20 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 534 households (15.0%) were made up of individuals and 246 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.00. There were 2,870 families (80.6% of all households); the average family size was 4.33.

The population was spread out with 4,576 people (32.1%) under the age of 18, 1,759 people (12.3%) aged 18 to 24, 4,109 people (28.8%) aged 25 to 44, 2,684 people (18.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,126 people (7.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

There were 3,703 housing units at an average density of 3,872.1 per square mile (1,495.0/km²), of which 1,577 (44.3%) were owner-occupied, and 1,985 (55.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.3%. 6,247 people (43.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 7,991 people (56.1%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Hawaiian Gardens had a median household income of $42,017, with 24.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[10]

2000Edit

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,779 people, 3,507 households, and 2,868 families residing in the city. The population density was 15,389.5 inhabitants per square mile (5,944.0/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 3,773.7 per square mile (1,457.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.24% White, 4.45% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 8.80% Asian, 0.74% Pacific Islander, 41.65% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. 62.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,507 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21 and the average family size was 4.52.

In the city, the population was spread out with 36.8% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 14.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,500, and the median income for a family was $31,840. Males had a median income of $21,074 versus $20,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,728. About 19.8% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructureEdit

City governmentEdit

The City of Hawaiian Gardens is a general law city and governs itself as a council-manager form of government. The city council is elected at-large. The city council appoints the city manager. The council establishes policies and ordinances and the city manager, assisted by the department heads, implements them.

The city council members must be Hawaiian Gardens residents and registered voters. As specified by the Constitution of California, city elections are non-partisan.

State and federal representationEdit

In the California State Legislature, Hawaiian Gardens is in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Tony Mendoza, and in the 63rd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Anthony Rendon.[12]

In the United States House of Representatives, Hawaiian Gardens is in California's 38th congressional district, represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez.[13]

Public servicesEdit

Fire protection in Hawaiian Gardens is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department operates the Lakewood Station in Lakewood, serving Hawaiian Gardens.[14]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Whittier Health Center in Whittier, serving Hawaiian Gardens.[15]

The United States Postal Service Hawaiian Gardens Post Office is located at 21101 Norwalk Boulevard.[16]

EducationEdit

Hawaiian Gardens is within the ABC Unified School District.

Elementary schools within Hawaiian Gardens include Venn W. Ferguson Elementary School[17] and Hawaiian Elementary School.[18]

Middle schools within Hawaiian Gardens include Pharis F. Fedde Middle School, which was formerly called Killingsworth Junior High School.[19]

Residents are zoned to the following high schools:

EconomyEdit

 
Interstate 605 (viewed from the southbound lanes) at Hawaiian Gardens, California approaching Hawaiian Gardens Casino

Top employersEdit

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[20] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Hawaiian Gardens Casino 1,000
2 Tri-City Regional Medical Center 350
3 City of Hawaiian Gardens 81
4 Total Building Care 70
5 Cypress Garden Villas 70
6 Howard Contracting 50
7 Richmond Plastering 50
8 Patchman 45
9 ABC Unified School District 40
10 Outdoor Living Products 40

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "City Council". City of Hawaiian Gardens. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Hawaiian Gardens (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ City of Hawaiian Gardens (July 13, 2006). "Budget Summary" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hawaiian Gardens city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0632506.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 11, 2015. 
  13. ^ "California's 38th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  14. ^ "Lakewood Station Archived December 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  15. ^ "Whittier Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  16. ^ "Post Office Location - HAWAIIAN GARDENS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  17. ^ http://www.furges.abcusd.k12.ca.us/
  18. ^ http://www.hawaes.abcusd.k12.ca.us/
  19. ^ http://www.feddms.abcusd.k12.ca.us/
  20. ^ City of Hawaiian Gardens CAFR

External linksEdit