Hattat Aziz Efendi (born 1871, Maçka – August 16, 1934, İstanbul) (Ottoman Turkish: خطاط عزیز افندی) was an Ottoman calligrapher.
Hattat Aziz Efendi
|Died||1934 (aged 62–63)|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Life and workEdit
Born Mehmed Abdulaziz Efendi, in Maçka in 1871, his family moved to Istanbul, the Ottoman capital during Russo-Turkish War (1877–78). Aziz Efendi completed his primary education in 1885 and started to learn calligraphy from Ahmed Arif Effendi of Plovdiv (known more commonly as "Bakkal" -the grocer-) and he also studied at Hat Mektebi (Calligraphy School). He graduated in 1894 and continued to practise under the supervision of Muhsinzade Abdullah Hamdi Efendi until 1896.
In 1921, King Fuad of Egypt invited him to Cairo, where he transcribed the Quran and gilded the result. After completing his mission, he remained in Egypt, where he worked as a teacher and contributed to the establishment of schools to improve Arabic fonts.
He returned to Istanbul in 1932, where he died two years later.
Two of his calligraphic panels are hanging in the Grand Mosque of Bursa, Turkey. He transcribed 11 copies of the Quran in his lifetime, a number of hilyas and other textual compilations.
Examples of worksEdit
The first sura of the Qur'an, al-Fatihah, in the hand of Hattat Aziz Efendi
The name "Muhammad" in traditional Thuluth calligraphy, possibly inspired by a 19th-century disk in the Hagia Sophia
- ^ Turkish Biographical Index, Walter de Gruyter, 2011, p. 151
- ^ Kamel Al-Baba, Calligraphy a Noble Art, Saudi Aramco World, July/August 1964
- ^ Calligraphic Practice Sheet (Meşk), Indiana University Art Museum
- A profile of Hattat Aziz Efendi by Muhittin Serin. (in Turkish)
- Muhittin Serin: Hattat Aziz Efendi, Istanbul (1988, 1999), ISBN 975-7663-03-4, OCLC 51718704
- Sâmiha Ayverdi, İbrâhim Efendi konağı, Kubbealti Publishing (2009), ISBN 9789757663478, 147ff. (p. 147 has a portrait photograph)
- Muhittin Serin, Hattat Aziz Efendi, Istanbul, Kubbealti, 1999