Hastings-on-Hudson, New York

Hastings-on-Hudson is a village in Westchester County located in the southwestern part of the town of Greenburgh in the state of New York, United States. It is located on the eastern bank of the Hudson River, approximately 20 miles (32 km) north of midtown Manhattan in New York City, and is served by a stop on the Metro-North Hudson Line. To the north of Hastings-on-Hudson is the village of Dobbs Ferry, to the south, the city of Yonkers, and to the east unincorporated parts of Greenburgh. As of the 2020 US Census, it had a population of 8,590.[2] The town lies on U.S. Route 9, "Broadway" and the Saw Mill River Parkway.

Hastings-on-Hudson, New York
Municipal building
Municipal building
Official seal of Hastings-on-Hudson, New York
Location of Hastings-on-Hudson, New York
Location of Hastings-on-Hudson, New York
Coordinates: 40°59′28″N 73°52′27″W / 40.99111°N 73.87417°W / 40.99111; -73.87417
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
 • Total2.92 sq mi (7.56 km2)
 • Land1.98 sq mi (5.13 km2)
 • Water0.94 sq mi (2.43 km2)
 • Total8,590
 • Density4,340.58/sq mi (1,675.90/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
Area code914
FIPS code36-32710

History edit

The area that is now Hastings-on-Hudson and Dobbs Ferry was the primary settlement[3] of the Weckquaesgeek Algonquian people, who called the community Wysquaqua.[4] In the summer, the Weckquaesgeeks camped at the mouth of the ravine running under the present Warburton Avenue Bridge. There they fished, swam and collected oysters and clamshells used to make wampum. On the level plain nearby (which is now Maple Avenue), they planted corn and possibly tobacco.

The findings of large numbers of artifacts have suggested that there was significant tribal activity in the confluence of Factory Brook and Scheckler's Brook just behind what is now the Cropsey Studio, but the interest in the site failed to generate any archeological inquiry.[5]

Pre-1920 edit

Around 1650, a Dutch carpenter, named Frederick Philipse, arrived in New Amsterdam. In 1682, Philipse traded with the Native Americans for the area that is now Dobbs Ferry and Hastings-on-Hudson. In 1693, the English Crown granted Philipse the Manor of Philipsburg, which included what is now Hastings-on-Hudson. After dividing the area into four nearly equal-sized farms, the Philipses leased them to Dutch, English and French Huguenot settlers.

During the American Revolution, what is now Hastings-on-Hudson, lay between the lines of the warring forces and was declared neutral territory. In reality, the area became a no-man's land and was raided repeatedly by both sides. The minor Revolutionary War skirmish known as the Battle of Edgar's Lane was fought in Hastings. Following the Revolution, the Philipses, who had been loyal to George III, saw their vast lands confiscated and sold by the newly established American state. In 1785, the four farms comprising today's Hastings-on-Hudson were bought by James DeClark, Jacobus Dyckman, George Fisher, and tavern keeper Peter Post.

View of Hastings-on-Hudson, oil on canvas, John Ludlow Martin, 1856

Around the same time, Westchester County, which had been established as one of the 10 original counties in New York, was divided into towns, and the area that is now Hastings-on-Hudson became part of the town of Greenburgh. The village was incorporated in 1879 and its name changed from Hastings-Upon-Hudson to Hastings-on-Hudson.

Stone quarrying was the earliest industry in Hastings-on-Hudson. From 1865 to 1871, hundreds of Scottish and Irish laborers blasted huge quantities of dolomitic marble from a white Westchester marble quarry. An inclined railroad carried the marble down to the quarry wharf where it was dressed by skilled stonecutters and loaded onto ships bound for cities like New York and Charleston, South Carolina.

By the 1880s, Hastings Pavement was producing hexagonal paving blocks which were used extensively in Central Park and Prospect Park in Brooklyn. Between 1895 and 1900, Hastings Pavement produced 10 million such blocks and shipped them throughout the United States and to cities in Canada, Brazil and England. By 1891, the National Conduit and Cable Company had established an operation on the waterfront producing cables for utility companies here and abroad. In 1912, labor strife between striking workers and their employer, the National Cable and Conduit Company, left two striking workers and two bystanders dead. Similar labor unrest occurred in 1916, whereby the Village was put under house arrest.

During World War I, 200 National Guardsmen were stationed in Hastings-on-Hudson because of the security interests of the National Conduit plant and a chemical plant opened by Frederick G. Zinsser that produced a wood alcohol called Hastings Spirits.[6]

The plant was important because in 1915 it took orders from the UK to produce .303 ammunition[7] but they could not pump up the production, so the contract were cancelled in late 1916.[8] In 1917 it produced .30-06 ammo for the US Navy and Army.[9]

1920-recent edit

The Anaconda Copper Company took over National Conduit in 1929, and a few years later acquired the Hastings Pavement property. By the end of World War II, Anaconda owned most of the industrial waterfront. Anaconda closed its Hastings-on-Hudson plant in 1975, bringing to an end the century-long era of heavy industry on the Hastings-on-Hudson waterfront.[6]

The 1926-founded Hillside-on-Hastings sanitarium and hospital opened in 1926.[10] They relocated to Glen Oaks, Queens in 1941.[11]

Billie Burke, actress (the "Good Witch" in the Wizard of Oz) lived in Hastings-on-Hudson and left her property to the school district, which still owns it, and uses it for various sports.

Benjamin Franklin Goodrich, from Ripley, in western New York, used real estate profits to purchase the Hudson River Rubber Company, a small business in Hastings-on-Hudson. The following year, Goodrich relocated the business to Akron, Ohio.

Children's Village, a boarding facility for children in difficult circumstances, located in neighboring Dobbs Ferry, sold about 50 acres (200,000 m2) of its property in Hastings-on-Hudson to a developer in 1986. The developer was planning to build close to 100 homes that would result in traffic on the roads adjoining Hillside Elementary School. Local residents formed a committee called "Save Hillside Woods" and raised close to $800K. As a result of the 1987 stock market crash and the subsequent receivership of the bank that held the mortgage on the property, the Village purchased this parcel from the FDIC with the funds accumulated and a bond floated by the Village of Hastings-on-Hudson to expand and maintain Hillside Woods.

The Jasper F. Cropsey House and Studio and Hastings Prototype House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The John William Draper House is listed as a National Historic Landmark[12]

Geography edit

Hastings-on-Hudson is located at 40°59′28″N 73°52′27″W / 40.99111°N 73.87417°W / 40.99111; -73.87417 (40.991102, -73.874114)[13] in an area of hills on the Hudson River opposite the Palisades cliffs, north of the city of Yonkers. The Village is bordered by the Hudson River to the west, and the Saw Mill River to the east. The areas facing the Hudson River have views of the Palisades to the west, Manhattan to the south and the Mario Cuomo Bridge to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Village has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), of which 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2), or 32.65%, is water.

Several small tributaries and headwaters of the Hudson River are located in the village, including Scheckler's Brook which originates in Hillside Woods[5] and Factory Brook which begins in a spring in the southern end of the Burke Estate,[5][14] these merge behind the Cropsey Studio west of the Aqueduct Trail.[5]

Transportation edit

The former Hastings-on-Hudson train station facing West c. 2010

Although a suburb of New York City, Hastings-on-Hudson enjoys better mass transit service than many other suburbs in the United States. Commuter rail service is available via the Hastings-on-Hudson railway station, served by the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line to Grand Central Terminal, Croton-on-Hudson and Poughkeepsie; transfers to Amtrak's Empire Corridor are available three stops south, at the Yonkers railway station. Additionally, several bus routes operated by the Bee-Line Bus System, connect Hastings-on-Hudson with other places in Westchester and northern sections of the Bronx.

The Saw Mill River Parkway has exits in Hastings-on Hudson - Northbound at Exit 12 at Farragut Parkway and Exit 13 at Farragut Avenue, and Southbound Exit 14 at Clarence Avenue and Exit 15 at Cliff Street. US Route 9 runs through the Village, as Broadway.

Demographics edit

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
Downtown shops in a former movie house

As of the census[16] of 2020, there were 8,590 people residing in the Village. The population density was 4,020.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,552.2/km2). There were 2875 housing units at an average density of 1,665.7 per square mile (643.1/km2), with 94.63% (3,121) of units occupied, and 5.37% (177) vacant.

The racial makeup of the Village was 86.8% (7456) White, 2.9% (249) African American, 5.2% (446) Asian, and 2.50% (215) from two or more races. White alone, no Hispanic or Latino were 81.7% (7018) Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.6% (567) of the population.

As of the census of 2020, the median income for a household in the Village was $139,879. The per capita income for the Village was $79,190. About 2.9% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line.

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,093 households, out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the Village, as of the census of 2000, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

As of the census of 2000, the median income for a household in the Village was $83,188, and the median income for a family was $129,227. Males had a median income of $76,789 versus $50,702 for females. The per capita income for the Village was $48,914. About 1.5% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

In 2013, the infusion of urban professionals from New York City resulted in characterization of the town as an example of "hipsturbia", a neologism coined by The New York Times to describe the hip lifestyle as lived in suburbia by "hipsters."[17] However, this article has been the subject of much controversy both within and with-out the community, with the New York Observer publishing one particularly scathing commentary.[18]

Education edit

It is in the Hastings-on-Hudson Union Free School District.[19] Hastings-on-Hudson has three public schools, in the Hastings Union Free School District: Hillside Elementary School, Farragut Middle School, and Hastings High School. All three have been awarded the National Blue Ribbon Award.[when?]

Greenburgh-Graham Union Free School District is of a special needs school facility in Hastings.

Government edit

Hastings-on-Hudson is one of six incorporated villages that lie within the town of Greenburgh. The village is governed by a mayor, who is elected every two years in odd-numbered years, and four trustees, who also serve two-year terms. Two of the trustees are elected in even-numbered years, with the mayor and the other two in odd-numbered years. A paid village manager is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the village.

Attractions and recreation edit

In 2018 Brooke Lea Foster of The New York Times stated that it was one of several "Rivertowns" in New York State, which she described as among the "least suburban of suburbs, each one celebrated by buyers there for its culture and hip factor, as much as the housing stock and sophisticated post-city life."[20] Of those, Foster stated that Irvington was the "artsiest".[20]

Jasper Cropsey's home and studio Ever Rest
The Newington-Cropsey Foundation's Gallery of Art, a museum of Cropsey's works

Attractions and places for recreation include:

  • Chemka Pool, a community outdoor swimming pool near the Hillside Woods/School
  • Hillside Woods, a large wooded area with hiking trails
  • Two north-south linear parks: the Old Croton Aqueduct Trailway state park, and the South County Trailway county park
  • Sugar Pond, a small pond located in the Riverview Manor portion of the Hillside Woods; open to ice skating in the winter
  • Numerous playing fields including the Burke Estate, Zinsser Park, Reynolds Field, and Uniontown Field
  • Downtown Hastings-on-Hudson, with retail stores and restaurants
  • Ever Rest, the homestead and studio of painter Jasper Cropsey (1823–1900), listed on the National Register of Historic Places in New York.
  • A public library
  • A farmer's market on Saturdays (outdoors June–November; indoors twice monthly December–May)
  • The VFW building with a dance studio and karate school
  • Hastings High School, which presents theatre productions and other shows
  • "Museum of the Streets", a walking tour with historic markers maintained by the Hastings Historical Society.[21]
  • A new free outdoor Concert Series was launched at MacEachron Waterfront Park in 2018.
  • The River Spirit Music and Arts Festival, the Village's annual event, at Draper Park, on the second Saturday of September.

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "US Census Bureau QuickFacts: Hastings-on-Hudson village, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
  3. ^ Graves, Arthur Harmount (1930). "Inwood Park, Manhattan". Torreya. 30 (5): 117–129. ISSN 0096-3844. JSTOR 40596696.
  4. ^ "BUCKHOUT FAMILY BACKGROUND". 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  5. ^ a b c d "Hastings' Hidden Waterway". Hastings Historical Society. 2020-06-22. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  6. ^ a b Hastings History Archived January 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "The supply of munitions. 3 V". 1922.
  8. ^ "The supply of munitions. 3 V". 1922.
  9. ^ Frank Wade Hackley, Eugene L. Scranton, W. H. Woodin History of Modern U.S: Military Small Arms Ammunition. 1880-1939, p. 290
  10. ^ Hal Borland (December 17, 1939). "Pioneers in Mental Health Expand Program; Hillside Hospital to Build New Plant to Carry on Modern Methods". The New York Times.
  11. ^ "Hillside Hospital Welcomes to City; $700,000 Institution Formerly in Westchester Opened on Site in Queens". The New York Times. October 20, 1941.
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "Hastings Green - Factory Brook". www.hastingsgreen.org. Retrieved 2021-12-15.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. ^ Alex Williams (February 15, 2013). "Creating Hipsturbia". The New York Times. Retrieved February 18, 2013.
  18. ^ Velsey, Kim (February 19, 2013). "Same As It Ever Was: Hipsters Move to the Suburbs, Fancy Themselves Pioneers". New York Observer. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  19. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Westchester County, NY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  20. ^ a b Foster, Brooke Lea (2018). "Comparing Suburbs: Montclair in New Jersey vs. Dobbs Ferry in New York". The New York Times.
  21. ^ "Museum in the Streets". Hastings Historical Society. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  22. ^ "William Daley". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  23. ^ "Benjamin F. Goodrich". NNDB. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  24. ^ Q&A with Keith Olbermann, 12 March 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  25. ^ CampaignMoney.com
  26. ^ Shatner, William; Fisher, David (2009) [2008]. Up Till Now: The Autobiography (1st, reissue ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-4299-3797-9. LCCN 2008006234.
  27. ^ Fox, Margalit. "Howard Van Hyning, Percussionist and Gong Enthusiast, Dies at 74", The New York Times, November 8, 2010. Accessed November 9, 2010.

External links edit